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1957-JAN-26

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(New York City)

United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency Organisation

Flag or logo since 1950-12-14
United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR (en) + Haut-Commissariat des Nations-Unies pour les Réfugiés : HCR (fr) + Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados : ACNUR (es) + Upravlenie Verhovnogo Komissara Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy po Delam Bezhentsev : UVKB - Управление Верховного комиссара Организации Объединённых Наций по делам беженцев : УВКБ (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Nan-Min Shih-Wu Kao-Chi-Chuan-Yuan Pan-Shih-Ch''u : NSKC - 聯合國難民事務高級專員辦事處 (zh)
Emblem or Symbol

Auguste Lindt (ch)
(since 1957-01-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Geneva(Genève)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()





80 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) King Mohammad Zahir Shah
ALBANIA (Tirana) Enver Hoxha
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
AUSTRIA (Vienna) Julius Raab
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Baudoin I
BULGARIA (Sofia) Todor Zhivkov
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Hernan Siles Zuazo
BRAZIL (Rio of Janeiro) President Juscelino Kubitschek
BYELORUSSIA (Minsk) Kirill Mazurov
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Carlos Ibanez del Campo
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Gustavo Rojas Pinilla
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Jose Figueres Ferrer
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) Antonin Novotny
CUBA (Havana) President Fulgencio Batista
DOMINICAN (Ciudad Trujillo) Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Frederick IX
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Camilo Ponce Enriquez
EGYPT (Cairo) President Gamal Abdel Nasser
SPAIN (Madrid) Caudillo Francisco Franco
ETHIOPIA-ERITREA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Urho Kekkonen
FRENCH UNION (Paris) President Rene Coty
GREECE (Athens) King Paul I
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) Carlos Castillo Armas
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela) Military Council of Government
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Nemours Pierre-Louis
HUNGARY (Budapest) Janos Kadar
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Ahmad Sukarno
IRELAND (Dublin) President Sean Thomas O''Kelly
ISRAEL (West Jerusalem + Tel Aviv-Jaffa) President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi
INDIA (New Delhi) President Rajendra Prasad
IRAQ (Baghdad) King Faysal II
IRAN (Tehran) Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Asgeir Asgeirsson
ITALY (Rome) President Giovanni Gronchi
JORDAN (Amman) King Hussein I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Hirohito
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) King Norodom Suramarit
LAOS (Luangphrabang + Vientiane) King Sisavang Vong
LEBANON (Beirut) President Camille Chamoun
CEYLON (Colombo) Queen Elizabeth II
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William Tubman
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duchess Charlotte
LIBYA (Tripoli + Benghazi + Al Bayda + Tobruk) King Idris I
MOROCCO (Rabat) Sultan Muhammad V
BURMA (Rangoon) President Ba U
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Luis Somoza Debayle
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Juliana
NORWAY (Oslo) King Haakon VII
NEPAL (Kathmandu) Maharajah Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PANAMA (Panama City) President Ernesto de la Guardia
PERU (Lima) President Manuel Prado Ugarteche
PHILIPPINES (Quezon City + Baguio City) President Ramon Magsaysay
PAKISTAN (Karachi) President Iskander Mirza
POLAND (Warsaw) Wladyslaw Gomulka
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) Presidente Francisco Craveiro Lopes
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Alfredo Stroessner
RUMANIA (Bucharest) Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Saud
SUDAN (Khartoum) Sovereignty Council
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav VI Adolphe
SOVIET UNION (Moscow) Nikita Khrushchev
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Jose Maria Lemus
SYRIA (Damascus) President Shukri al-Kuwatli
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TUNISIA (Tunis) King Muhammad VIII Al-Amin
TURKEY (Ankara) President Celal Bayar
CHINA (Taipeh) President Chiang Kai-Shek
UKRAINE (Kiev) Aleksey Kirichenko
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Dwight David Eisenhower
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Alberto Fermin Zubiria
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Marcos Perez Jimenez
YEMEN (Taiz) Imam and King Ahmad IV ash-Shams
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) President Josip Broz Tito
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) Queen Elizabeth II



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.