w.ethnia.org
 

1995-SEP-03

- Zones:

International Organization AFGHANISTAN  ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA  ALBANIA  ARMENIA  ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  AUSTRALIA  AZERBAIJAN  BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA  BARBADOS  BENGLADESH  BELGIUM  BURKINA FASO  BULGARIA  BAHRAIN  BURUNDI  BENIN  BRUNEI DARUSSALAM  BOLIVIA  BAHAMAS  BHUTAN  BOTSWANA  BELARUS  BELIZE  CANADA  ZAIRE  CENTRAL-AFRICA  CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE  SWITZERLAND  IVORY COAST  CHILE  CAMEROON  CHINA  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  CAPE VERDE  CYPRUS  CZECHIA  GERMANY  DENMARK  DOMINICA  DOMINICAN  ALGERIA  ECUADOR  ESTONIA  EGYPT  ERITREA  SPAIN  ETHIOPIA  FINLAND  FIJI  MICRONESIA  FRANCE  GABON  GRENADA  GEORGIA  GHANA  GAMBIA  GUINEA  EQUATORIAL GUINEA  GREECE  GUATEMALA  GUINEA-BISSAU  GUYANA  HONDURAS  CROATIA  HAITI  HUNGARY  INDONESIA  IRELAND  IRAQ  IRAN  ICELAND  ITALY  JAMAICA  JORDAN  JAPAN  KENYA  KYRGYZSTAN  CAMBODIA  KIRIBATI  SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS  NORTH KOREA  SOUTH KOREA  KUWAIT  KAZAKHSTAN  LAOS  LEBANON  SAINT LUCIA  LIECHTENSTEIN  SRI LANKA  LIBERIA  LESOTHO  LITHUANIA  LUXEMBOURG  LATVIA  LIBYA  MOROCCO  MONACO  MOLDOVA  MADAGASCAR  MARSHALL ISLANDS  MACEDONIA  MALI  MYANMAR  MONGOLIA  MAURITANIA  MALTA  MAURITIUS  MALDIVES  MALAWI  MEXICO  MALAYSIA  MOZAMBIQUE  NAMIBIA  NIGER  NIGERIA  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEPAL  NAURU  NEW ZEALAND  PANAMA  PERU  PAPUA NEW GUINEA  PHILIPPINES  POLAND  PORTUGAL  PALAU  PARAGUAY  QATAR  ROMANIA  RUSSIA  RWANDA  SAUDI ARABIA  SOLOMON ISLANDS  SEYCHELLES  SUDAN  SWEDEN  SINGAPORE  SLOVENIA  SLOVAKIA  SIERRA LEONE  SAN MARINO  SENEGAL  SOMALIA  SURINAM  SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE  EL SALVADOR  SYRIA  SWAZILAND  CHAD  TOGO  THAILAND  TAJIKISTAN  TURKMENISTAN  TUNISIA  TONGA  TURKEY  TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  TUVALU  TANZANIA  UKRAINE  UGANDA  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  UZBEKISTAN  HOLY SEE  SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES  VENEZUELA  VIETNAM  VANUATU  WESTERN SAMOA  YEMEN  YUGOSLAVIA  SOUTH AFRICA  ZAMBIA  ZIMBABWE 

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT

Flag or logo since 1968-07-01
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty : NPT (en) + Tratado de No Proliferación Nuclear : TNP (es) + Traité de Non-Prolifération Nucléaire : TNP (fr) + Dogovor o Nerasprostraneniiy Adernogo Oruzhiya : NAO - Договор о Нераспространении Ядерного Оружия : НЯО (ru) + Hebukuosan Tiaoyue : HT - 核不扩散条约 (zh) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

Depositary Governments
(since 1968-07-01)
Capital:New York City - (New York City)
Official languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) . Russian (ru) . Chinese (zh) .





180 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) President Burhanuddin Rabbani
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Sali Berisha
ARMENIA (Erevan) President Levon Ter-Petrosyan
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Carlos Menem
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Thomas Klestil
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
AZERBAIJAN (Baku) President Geydar Aliyev
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (Sarajevo) President Alija Izetbegovich
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BENGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdur Rahman Biswas
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert II
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) President Blaise Compaore
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Zhelyu Zhelev
BAHRAIN (Manamah) Emir Sheikh Isa II bin Salman Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Bujumbura) President Sylvestre Ntibantunganya
BENIN (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Nicephore Soglo
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM (Bandar Seri Begawan) Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada
BAHAMAS (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BHUTAN (Thimphu) King Jigme Singye Wangchuk
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Quett Masire
BELARUS (Minsk) President Alexander Lukashenko
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
ZAIRE (Kinshasa) President Mobutu Sese Seko
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Ange-Felix Patasse
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Pascal Lissouba
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Kaspar Villiger
IVORY COAST (Yamoussoukro + Abidjan) President Henri Konan Bedie
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Jiang Zemin
COLOMBIA (Santafe of Bogota) President Ernesto Samper Pizano
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Jose Maria Figueres Olsen
CAPE VERDE (Praia) President Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Glafkos Kliridis
CZECHIA (Prague + Brno) President Vaclav Havel
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Roman Herzog
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
DOMINICA (Roseau) President Crispin Sorhaindo
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Joaquin Balaguer
ALGERIA (Algiers) President Liamine Zeroual
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Sixto Duran Ballen
ESTONIA (Tallinn + Tartu) President Lennart-Georg Meri
EGYPT (Cairo) President Hosni Mubarak
ERITREA (Asmara) President Isaias Afewerki
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) President Negasso Gidada
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Martti Ahtisaari
FIJI (Suva) President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara
MICRONESIA (Palikir) President Bailey Olter
FRANCE (Paris) President Jacques Chirac
GABON (Libreville) President Omar Bongo
GRENADA (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GEORGIA (Tbilisi) Eduard Shevardnadze
GHANA (Accra) President Jerry Rawlings
GAMBIA (Banjul) Yahya Jammeh
GUINEA (Conakry) President Lansana Conte
EQUATORIAL GUINEA (Malabo) President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
GREECE (Athens) President Kostis Stephanopoulos
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Ramiro de Leon Carpio
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) President Joao Bernardo Vieira
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Cheddi Jagan
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela) President Carlos Roberto Reina
CROATIA (Zagreb) President Franjo Tudjman
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Jean-Bertrand Aristide
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Arpad Goncz
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Suharto
IRELAND (Dublin) President Mary Robinson
IRAQ (Baghdad) President Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti
IRAN (Tehran) Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Vigdis Finnbogadottir
ITALY (Rome) President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Hussein I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Akihito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Daniel Arap Moi
KYRGYZSTAN (Bishkek) President Askar Akayev
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) King Norodom Sihanouk
KIRIBATI (South Tarawa) President Teburoro Tito
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang) Kim Jong-Il
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul) President Kim Young-Sam
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Jabir III Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
KAZAKHSTAN (Alma-Ata) President Nursultan Nazarbayev
LAOS (Vientiane) Khamtai Siphandon
LEBANON (Beirut) President Elias Hrawi
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte + Colombo) President Chandrika Kumaratunga
LIBERIA (Monrovia) Wilton Sankawulo
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Moshoeshoe II
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) President Algirdas-Mikolas Brazauskas
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Jean
LATVIA (Riga) President Guntis Ulmanis
LIBYA (Tripoli) Guide Muammar Gaddafi
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Hassan II
MONACO (Monaco) Prince Rainier III
MOLDOVA (Chisinau) President Mircea Snegur
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Albert Zafy
MARSHALL ISLANDS (Dalap-Uliga-Darrit on Majuro) President Amata Kabua
MACEDONIA (Skopje) President Kiro Gligorov
MALI (Bamako) President Alpha Oumar Konare
MYANMAR (Yangon) Than Shwe
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Punsalmaagiyn Ochirbat
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) President Maaouya Ould Sid''Ahmed Taya
MALTA (Valletta) President Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) President Cassam Uteem
MALDIVES (Male) President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
MALAWI (Lilongwe) President Bakili Muluzi
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur) Tuanku Jaafar ibni al-Marhum Yamtuan Abdul Rahman
MOZAMBIQUE (Maputo) President Joaquim Chissano
NAMIBIA (Windhoek) President Sam Nujoma
NIGER (Niamey) President Mahamane Ousmane
NIGERIA (Abuja) General Sani Abacha
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Violeta Chamorro
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Beatrix
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) Maharajah Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NAURU (Yaren) President Bernard Dowiyogo
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PANAMA (Panama City) President Ernesto Perez Balladares
PERU (Lima + Cusco) President Alberto Fujimori
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila + Quezon City + Pasay City) President Fidel Ramos
POLAND (Warsaw) President Lech Walesa
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Mario Soares
PALAU (Koror) President Kuniwo Nakamura
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Juan Carlos Wasmosy
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifah Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Ion Iliescu
RUSSIA (Moscow) President Boris Yeltsin
RWANDA (Kigali) President Pasteur Bizimungu
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Fahd
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President France-Albert Rene
SUDAN (Khartoum) President Omar Al-Bashir
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Ong Teng Cheong
SLOVENIA (Ljubljana) President Milan Kucan
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava) President Michal Kovac
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) Valentine Strasser-King
SAN MARINO (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Abdou Diouf
SOMALIA (Mogadishu) President Ali Mahdi Muhammad
SURINAM (Paramaribo) President Ronald Venetiaan
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE (Saint Thomas) President Miguel Trovoada
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Armando Calderon Sol
SYRIA (Damascus) President Hafez Al-Assad
SWAZILAND (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Mswati III
CHAD (Ndjamena) President Idriss Deby
TOGO (Lome) President Gnassingbe Eyadema
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TAJIKISTAN (Dushanbe) President Emomali Rakhmonov
TURKMENISTAN (Ashgabat) President Turkmenbashi Saparmurat Niyazov
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
TONGA (Nukualofa) King Taufa''ahau Tupou IV
TURKEY (Ankara) President Suleyman Demirel
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Noor Hassanali
TUVALU (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti) Queen Elizabeth II
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam) President Ali Hassan Mwinyi
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Leonid Kuchma
UGANDA (Kampala) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Bill Clinton
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Julio Maria Sanguinetti Coirolo
UZBEKISTAN (Tashkent) President Islam Karimov
HOLY SEE (Vatican) Pope John Paul II
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Rafael Caldera
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Do Muoi
VANUATU (Port Vila) President Jean-Marie Leye
WESTERN SAMOA (Apia) Malietoa Tanumafili II
YEMEN (Sanaa) President Ali Abdullah Saleh
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) President Zoran Lilich
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein + Johannesburg) President Nelson Mandela
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Frederick Chiluba
ZIMBABWE (Harare) President Robert Mugabe



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-APR-24.