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2019-NOV-08

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International Organization UNITED ARAB EMIRATES  AFGHANISTAN  ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA  ALBANIA  ARMENIA  ANGOLA  ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  AUSTRALIA  BARBADOS  BENGLADESH  BELGIUM  BURKINA FASO  BULGARIA  BAHRAIN  BURUNDI  BENIN  BRUNEI DARUSSALAM  BOLIVIA  BRAZIL  BOTSWANA  BELIZE  CANADA  CONGO-KINSHASA  CENTRAL-AFRICA  CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE  SWITZERLAND  IVORY COAST  CHILE  CAMEROON  CHINA  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  CUBA  CAPE VERDE  CURACAO  CYPRUS  CZECHIA  GERMANY  DJIBOUTI  DENMARK  DOMINICA  DOMINICAN  ECUADOR  ESTONIA  EGYPT  SPAIN  EUROPEAN UNION  FINLAND  FIJI  FRANCE  GABON  GRENADA  GEORGIA  GHANA  GAMBIA  GUINEA  GREECE  GUATEMALA  GUINEA-BISSAU  GUYANA  HONG KONG  HONDURAS  CROATIA  HAITI  HUNGARY  INDONESIA  IRELAND  ISRAEL  INDIA  ICELAND  ITALY  JAMAICA  JORDAN  JAPAN  KENYA  KYRGYZSTAN  CAMBODIA  SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS  SOUTH KOREA  KUWAIT  KAZAKHSTAN  LAOS  SAINT LUCIA  LIECHTENSTEIN  SRI LANKA  LIBERIA  LESOTHO  LITHUANIA  LUXEMBOURG  LATVIA  MOROCCO  MOLDOVA  MONTENEGRO  MADAGASCAR  NORTH MACEDONIA  MALI  MYANMAR  MONGOLIA  MACAO  MAURITANIA  MALTA  MAURITIUS  MALDIVES  MALAWI  MEXICO  MALAYSIA  MOZAMBIQUE  NAMIBIA  NIGERIA  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEPAL  NEW ZEALAND  OMAN  PANAMA  PERU  PAPUA NEW GUINEA  PHILIPPINES  PAKISTAN  POLAND  PORTUGAL  PARAGUAY  ROMANIA  RUSSIA  RWANDA  SAUDI ARABIA  SOLOMON ISLANDS  SEYCHELLES  SWEDEN  SINGAPORE  SLOVENIA  SLOVAKIA  SIERRA LEONE  SENEGAL  SURINAM  SALVADOR  SAINT MARTIN  SWATINI  CHAD  TOGO  THAILAND  TAJIKISTAN  TUNISIA  TONGA  TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  TURKEY  CHINA-TAIPEI  TANZANIA  UKRAINE  UGANDA  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES  VENEZUELA  VIETNAM  VANUATU  SAMOA  YEMEN  SOUTH AFRICA  ZAMBIA  ZIMBABWE 

World Trade Organization : WTO Organisation

Flag or logo since 1995-01-01
World Trade Organization : WTO (en) + Organización Mundial del Comercio : OMC (es) + Organisation Mondiale du Commerce : OMC (fr)
Emblem or Symbol

DG Roberto Carvalho de Azevedo (br)
(since 2013-09-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Geneva(Genève)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()






164 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi) President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) President Ashraf Ghani
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Ilir Meta
ARMENIA (Erevan) President Armen Sarkisyan
ANGOLA (Luanda) President Joao Manuel Goncalves Lourenco
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Mauricio Macri
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Alexander Van der Bellen
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BENGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdul Hamid
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Philippe
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) President Roch Marc Christian Kabore
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Rumen Radev
BAHRAIN (Manamah) King Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Gitega) President Pierre Nkurunziza
BENIN (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Patrice Talon
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM (Bandar Seri Begawan) Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Evo Morales
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Jair Bolsonaro
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Mokgweetsi Masisi
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
CONGO-KINSHASA (Kinshasa) President Felix Tshisekedi
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Faustin-Archange Touadera
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Denis Sassou-Nguesso
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Ueli Maurer
IVORY COAST (Yamoussoukro) President Alassane Ouattara
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Sebastian Pinera
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Xi Jinping
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Ivan Duque Marquez
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Carlos Alvarado Quesada
CUBA (Havana) Raul Castro
CAPE VERDE (Praia) President Jorge Carlos Fonseca
CURACAO (Willemstad) King Willem-Alexander
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Nicos Anastasiades
CZECHIA (Prague + Brno) President Milos Zeman
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Frank-Walter Steinmeier
DJIBOUTI (Djibouti) President Ismail Omar Guelleh
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
DOMINICA (Roseau) President Charles Savarin
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Danilo Medina
ECUADOR (Santiago of Guayaquil + San Francisco of Quito) President Lenin Moreno
ESTONIA (Tallinn + Tartu) President Kersti Kaljulaid
EGYPT (Cairo + New Capital City) President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
SPAIN (Madrid) King Philip VI
EUROPEAN UNION (Brussels) President Donald Tusk
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Sauli Niinisto
FIJI (Suva) President George Konrote
FRANCE (Paris) President Emmanuel Macron
GABON (Libreville) President Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba
GRENADA (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GEORGIA (Tbilisi + Kutaisi) President Salome Zurabishvili
GHANA (Accra) President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Adama Barrow
GUINEA (Conakry) President Alpha Conde
GREECE (Athens) President Prokopis Pavlopoulos
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Jimmy Morales Cabrera
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) Cipriano Cassama
GUYANA (Georgetown) President David Arthur Granger
HONG KONG (Victoria City) Xi Jinping
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Juan Orlando Hernandez
CROATIA (Zagreb) President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovich
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Jovenel Moise
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Janos Ader
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Joko Widodo
IRELAND (Dublin) President Michael Daniel Higgins
ISRAEL (Jerusalem + Tel Aviv-Jaffa) President Reuven Rivlin
INDIA (New Delhi) President Ram Nath Kovind
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Gudhni Thorlacius Johannesson
ITALY (Rome) President Sergio Mattarella
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Abdullah II
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Naruhito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Uhuru Kenyatta
KYRGYZSTAN (Bishkek) President Sooronbay Jeenbekov
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) King Norodom Sihamoni
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul) President Moon Jae-In
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
KAZAKHSTAN (Nur-Sultan) President Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev
LAOS (Vientiane) Boungnang Vorachith
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte + Colombo) President Maithripala Sirisena
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President George Weah
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Letsie III
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) President Gitanas Nauseda
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Henri
LATVIA (Riga) President Egils Levits
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Muhammad VI
MOLDOVA (Chisinau) President Igor Dodon
MONTENEGRO (Podgoritsa + Cetinje) President Milo Djukanovich
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Andry Rajoelina
NORTH MACEDONIA (Skopje) President Stevo Pendarovski
MALI (Bamako) President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita
MYANMAR (Naypyidaw + Rangoon) President Win Myint
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Khaltmaa Battulga
MACAO (Macao) Xi Jinping
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
MALTA (Valletta) President George Vella
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) Barlen Vyapoory
MALDIVES (Male) President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
MALAWI (Lilongwe) President Peter Mutharika
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur + Putrajaya) Sultan Abdullah Shah
MOZAMBIQUE (Maputo) President Filipe Nyusi
NAMIBIA (Windhoek) President Hage Geingob
NIGERIA (Abuja) President Muhammadu Buhari
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Daniel Ortega
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) King Willem-Alexander
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
OMAN (Muscat) Sultan Qaboos bin Said
PANAMA (Panama City) President Laurentino Cortizo Cohen
PERU (Lima + Cusco) President Martin Vizcarra
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila) President Rodrigo Duterte
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Arif Alvi
POLAND (Warsaw) President Andrzej Duda
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Mario Abdo Benitez
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Klaus Iohannis
RUSSIA (Moscow) President Vladimir Putin
RWANDA (Kigali) President Paul Kagame
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Salman
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President Danny Faure
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Halimah Yacob
SLOVENIA (Ljubljana) President Borut Pahor
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava) President Zuzana Caputova
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Julius Maada Wonie Bio
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Macky Sall
SURINAM (Paramaribo) President Desi Bouterse
SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Nayib Bukele
SAINT MARTIN (Philipsburg) King Willem-Alexander
SWATINI (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Mswati III
CHAD (Ndjamena) President Idriss Deby
TOGO (Lome) President Faure Gnassingbe
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama X Vajiralongkorn
TAJIKISTAN (Dushanbe) President Emomali Rakhmonov
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Kais Saied
TONGA (Nukualofa) King Ahoeitu Tupou VI
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Paula-Mae Weeke
TURKEY (Ankara) President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
CHINA-TAIPEI (Taipei) President Tsai Ing-Wen
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam + Dodoma) President John Magufuli
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Volodymyr Zelensky
UGANDA (Kampala) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Donald Trump
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Tabare Vazquez
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Nicolas Maduro
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Nguyen Phu Trong
VANUATU (Port Vila) President Tallis Obed Moses
SAMOA (Apia) Vaaletoa Sualauvi II
YEMEN (Aden + Riyadh) President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein) President Cyril Ramaphosa
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Edgar Lungu
ZIMBABWE (Harare) President Emmerson Mnangagwa



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.