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2013-JUL-01

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GENEVA Convention Organisation

Flag or logo since 2005-12-08
Convention de GENÈVE (fr)
Emblem or Symbol

President Peter Maurer (ch)
(ruler of RED CROSS since 2012-07-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Geneva(Genève)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()






195 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ANDORRA (Andorra The Old) Coprince Joan Enric Vives Sicilia
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi) President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) President Hamid Karzai
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Bujar Nishani
ARMENIA (Erevan) President Serge Sarkisyan
ANGOLA (Luanda) President Jose Eduardo dos Santos
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Heinz Fischer
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
AZERBAIJAN (Baku) President Iham Aliyev
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (Sarajevo) President Nebojsha Radmanovich
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BENGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdul Hamid
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert II
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) President Blaise Compaore
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Rosen Plevneliev
BAHRAIN (Manamah) King Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Bujumbura) President Pierre Nkurunziza
BENIN (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Yayi Boni
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM (Bandar Seri Begawan) Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Evo Morales
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Dilma Rousseff
BAHAMAS (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BHUTAN (Thimphu) King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Seretse Ian Khama
BELARUS (Minsk) President Alexander Lukashenko
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
CONGO-KINSHASA (Kinshasa) President Joseph Kabila
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Michel Djotodia
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Denis Sassou-Nguesso
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Ueli Maurer
IVORY COAST (Yamoussoukro) President Alassane Ouattara
COOK ISLANDS (Avarua) Queen Elizabeth II
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Sebastian Pinera
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Xi Jinping
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Juan Manuel Santos
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Laura Chinchilla Miranda
CUBA (Havana) Raul Castro
CAPE VERDE (Praia) President Jorge Carlos Fonseca
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Nicos Anastasiades
CZECHIA (Prague + Brno) President Milos Zeman
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Joachim Gauck
DJIBOUTI (Djibouti) President Ismail Omar Guelleh
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
DOMINICA (Roseau) President Eliud Williams
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Danilo Medina
ALGERIA (Algiers) President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Rafael Correa Delgado
ESTONIA (Tallinn + Tartu) President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
EGYPT (Cairo) President Mohamed Morsi
ERITREA (Asmara) President Isaias Afewerki
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) President Girma Wolde-Giorgis
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Sauli Niinisto
FIJI (Suva) President Ratu Epeli Nailatikau
MICRONESIA (Palikir) President Manny Mori
FRANCE (Paris) President Francois Hollande
GABON (Libreville) President Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba
GRENADA (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GEORGIA (Tbilisi + Kutaisi) President Mikheil Saakashvili
GHANA (Accra) President John Dramani Mahama
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Yahya Jammeh
GUINEA (Conakry) President Alpha Conde
EQUATORIAL GUINEA (Malabo) President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
GREECE (Athens) President Karolos Papoulias
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Otto Perez Molina
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Donald Ramotar
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Porfirio Lobo Sosa
CROATIA (Zagreb) President Ivo Josipovich
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Michel Martelly Sweet Micky
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Janos Ader
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
IRELAND (Dublin) President Michael Daniel Higgins
ISRAEL (Jerusalem + Tel Aviv-Jaffa) President Shimon Peres
INDIA (New Delhi) President Pranab Mukherjee
IRAQ (Baghdad) Khodair Al-Khozaei
IRAN (Tehran) Leader Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammed Ali Khamenei
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson
ITALY (Rome) President Giorgio Napolitano
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Abdullah II
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Akihito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Uhuru Kenyatta
KYRGYZSTAN (Bishkek) President Almazbek Atambayev
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) King Norodom Sihamoni
KIRIBATI (South Tarawa) President Anote Tong
COMOROS (Moroni) President Ikililou Dhoinine
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang) Kim Jong-Un
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul) President Park Geun-Hye
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
KAZAKHSTAN (Astana) President Elbashy Nursultan Nazarbayev
LAOS (Vientiane) Choummaly Sayasone
LEBANON (Beirut) President Michel Suleiman
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte + Colombo) President Mahinda Rajapaksa
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Letsie III
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) President Dalia Grybauskaite
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Henri
LATVIA (Riga) President Andris Berzins
LIBYA (Tripoli) Nouri Abusahmain
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Muhammad VI
MONACO (Monaco) Prince Albert II
MOLDOVA (Chisinau) President Nicolae Timofti
MONTENEGRO (Podgoritsa + Cetinje) President Filip Vujanovich
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Andry Rajoelina
MARSHALL ISLANDS (Dalap-Uliga-Darrit on Majuro) President Christopher Loeak
MACEDONIA (Skopje) President Gjorge Ivanov
MALI (Bamako) Dioncounda Traore
MYANMAR (Naypyidaw + Rangoon) President Thein Sein
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj
MACAO (Macao) Xi Jinping
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) President Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz
MALTA (Valletta) President George Abela
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) President Rajkeswur Kailash Purryag
MALDIVES (Male) President Mohamed Waheed Hassan
MALAWI (Lilongwe) President Joyce Banda
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Enrique Pena Nieto
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur + Putrajaya) Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah
MOZAMBIQUE (Maputo) President Armando Guebuza
NAMIBIA (Windhoek) President Hifikepunye Pohamba
NIGER (Niamey) President Mahamadou Issoufou
NIGERIA (Abuja) President Goodluck Jonathan
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Daniel Ortega
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) King Willem-Alexander
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) President Ram Baran Yadav
NAURU (Yaren + Aiwo) President Baron Waqa
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
OMAN (Muscat) Sultan Qaboos bin Said
PANAMA (Panama City) President Ricardo Martinelli
PERU (Lima + Cusco) President Ollanta Humala
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila) President Benigno Aquino III
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Asif Ali Zardari
POLAND (Warsaw) President Bronislaw Komorowski
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Anibal Cavaco Silva
PALAU (Ngerulmud in Melekeok) President Tommy Remengesau Jr
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Federico Franco Gomez
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Traian Basescu
SERBIA (Belgrade) President Tomislav Nikolich
RUSSIA (Moscow) President Vladimir Putin
RWANDA (Kigali) President Paul Kagame
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Abdullah
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President James Michel
SUDAN (Khartoum) President Omar Al-Bashir
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Tony Tan Keng Yam
SLOVENIA (Ljubljana) President Borut Pahor
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava) President Ivan Gasparovic
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Ernest Bai Koroma
SAN MARINO (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Macky Sall
SOMALIA (Mogadishu-Villa Somalia) President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
SURINAM (Paramaribo) President Desi Bouterse
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE (Saint Thomas) President Manuel Pinto da Costa
SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Mauricio Funes
SYRIA (Damascus) President Bashar Al-Assad
SWAZILAND (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Mswati III
CHAD (Ndjamena) President Idriss Deby
TOGO (Lome) President Faure Gnassingbe
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TAJIKISTAN (Dushanbe) President Emomali Rakhmonov
EAST TIMOR (Dilly) President Taur Matan Ruak
TURKMENISTAN (Ashgabat) President Arkadag Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Moncef Marzouki
TONGA (Nukualofa) King Ahoeitu Tupou VI
TURKEY (Ankara) President Abdullah Gul
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Anthony Carmona
TUVALU (Vaiaku on Fongafale in Funafuti) Queen Elizabeth II
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam + Dodoma) President Jakaya Kikwete
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Viktor Yanukovich
UGANDA (Kampala) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Barack Obama
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Jose Mujica
UZBEKISTAN (Tashkent) President Islam Karimov
HOLY SEE (Vatican) Pope Francis I
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Nicolas Maduro
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Nguyen Phu Trong
VANUATU (Port Vila) President Iolu Abil
SAMOA (Apia) Tupuola Tufuga Efi
YEMEN (Sanaa) President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein) President Jacob Zuma
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Michael Sata
ZIMBABWE (Harare) President Robert Mugabe



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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