.. or a geo zone >>


League of Nations Covenant : LON

Flag or logo since 1920-01-10
Société des Nations : SDN (fr) + League of Nations : LON (en) + Sociedad de Naciones : SDN (es) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

SG Sir James Eric Drummond (uk)
(since 1919-05-07)
Capital:Geneva - (Genève)
Official languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) .



3 Organs or similar:

IPB International Peace Bureau : IPB  (Berne)Local: Bureau International de la Paix : BIP (fr) + International Peace Bureau : IPB (en)  (Bern)
LON League of Nations Secretariat : LON  (Geneva)Local: LEAGUE OF NATIONS Secretariat (en) + Secrétariat de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS (fr) + Secretaría de la SOCIEDAD DE LAS NACIONES (es)  (Genève)
PMC Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC (en) + Commission Permanente des Mandats : CPM (fr)  (Genève)

2 Assisted Entities

ADJARIA League of Nations Protectorate of the Free Port of Batumi and Coastal Area : ADJARIA  (Batumi) King George V
DANZIG High Commission of the City of DANZIG under the Authority of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Danzig) Heinrich Sahm

6 Territories:

AERIAL NAVIGATION International Air Convention relating to the regulation of AERIAL NAVIGATION  (Paris)Local: Convention internationale portant réglementation de la NAVIGATION AÉRIENNE (fr)  (Paris)
AMBASSADORS Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Paris)Local: Conférence des AMBASSADEURS des Principales Puissances Alliées et Associées (fr) + Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers (en)  (Paris)
CTW Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW  (New York City)Local: Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW (en) + Comité sur le Trafic des Femmes et des Enfants : CTF (fr)  (New York City)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (London)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (London)
IOC International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)Local: International Opium Convention : IOC (en) + Convention internationale de l''Opium : CIO (fr) + Convención Internacional del Opio : CIO (es)  (''s-Gravenhage)
SCT Section for Communications and Transit : SCT  (Paris)Local: Section for Communications and Transit : SCT (en) + Section des Communications et Transports : SCT (fr) + Sección de Comunicaciones y Tránsito : SCT (es)  (Paris)

7 Condominiums:

MARIENWERDER-KWIDZYN Imperial Commissariat of the District of MARIENWERDER-KWIDZYN under the Administration and Plebiscite Commission of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Marienwerder)Local: Commissariat impérial du District de MARIENWERDER-KWIDZYN administré par la Commission de contrôle et de plébiscite des Principales Puissances Alliées et Associées  (Marienwerder)
MEMEL French Allied High Commission of MEMEL Territory   (Memel)Local: Territoire de MEMEL (fr) + Memelgebiet : MEMELLAND (de) + Teritorija KLAIPÉDOJE (lt)  (Memel)
OLSZTYN-ALLENSTEIN Inter-Allied Control Commission of Government and Plebiscite of the Imperial Commissariat of OLSZTYN-ALLENSTEIN District  (Allenstein)Local: Commission de contrôle de contrôle et de plébiscite interallié du Commissariat impérial du District d''OLSZTYN-ALLENSTEIN fr) + Inter-Allied Control Commission of Government and Plebiscite of the Imperial Commissariat of OLSZTYN-ALLENSTEIN District (en)  (Allenstein)
SAAR League of Nations Administration of SAAR Territory  (Saarbrucken)Local: SAARgebiet (de) + Territoire de la SARRE (fr) + SAAR Territory (en)  (Sarrebruck)
SCHLESWIG Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for SCHLESWIG  (Schleswig)Local: Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for SCHLESWIG (en) + Commission interalliée de Gouvernement et de Plébiscite pour le SCHLESWIG (fr)  (Schleswig)
TESCHEN International Plebiscite Commission in the Duchy of TESCHEN  (Teschen)Local: Commission de plébiscite internationale de TESCHEN (fr) + International Plebiscite Commission in TESCHEN (en) + TĚŠÍNSKÉ Knížectví (cs) + Księstwo CIESZYŃSKIE (pl)  (Teschen)
UPPER SILESIA Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for UPPER SILESIA Province  (Oppeln)Local: Commission interalliée de Gouvernement et de Plébiscite pour la Province de HAUTE-SILÉSIE (fr) + Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for UPPER SILESIA Province (en) + Provinz OBERSCHLESIEN (de) + Prowincji GÓRNY ŚLĄSK (pl)  (Oppeln)

42 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ARGENTINE (Buenos Ayres) President Hipolito Yrigoyen
AUSTRALIA (Melbourne + Canberra) King George V
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert I
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Jose Gutierrez
BRAZIL (Rio of Janeiro) President Epitacio Pessoa
CANADA (Ottawa) King George V
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Giuseppe Motta
CHILI (Santiago of Chili + Valparaiso) President Juan Luis Sanfuentes
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Marco Fidel Suarez
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) President Tomas Garrigue Masaryk
CUBA (Havana) President Mario Garcia Menocal
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Christian X
SPAIN (Madrid) King Alfonso XII
FRANCE (Paris) President Paul Deschanel
GREECE (Athens) King Alexander I
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Manuel Jose Estrada
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Rafael Lopez Gutierrez
HAYTI (Port Au Prince) President Philippe Sudre Dartiguenave
INDIA (Delhi + Simla) Viceroy Frederic Thesiger
PERSIA (Tehran) Soltan Ahmad Shah Kajar
ITALY (Rome) King Victor Emmanuel III
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Yoshihito
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Charles Dunbar Burgess King
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Emiliano Chamorro
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY (Christiania) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George V
PANAMA (Panama City) Ernesto Tisdel Lefevre
PERU (Lima) President Augusto Leguia
POLAND (Warsaw) Jozef Pilsudski
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Antonio Jose de Almeida
PARAGUAY (Assumption) Jose Pedro Montero
CHINA (Peking) President Hsu Shih-Chang
RUMANIA (Bucharest) King Ferdinand I
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Jorge Melendez
SIAM (Bangkok) King Rama VI Vajiravudh
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) King George V
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Baltasar Brum
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Victorino Marquez Bustillos
JUGO-SLAVIA (Belgrade) King Peter I Karageorgevich
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) King George V


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

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