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1920-DEC-17

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International Organization ALBANIA  ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  AUSTRALIA  BELGIUM  BULGARIA  BOLIVIA  BRAZIL  CANADA  SWITZERLAND  CHILI  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  CZECHOSLOVAKIA  CUBA  DENMARK  SPAIN  FINLAND  FRANCE  GREECE  GUATEMALA  HONDURAS  HAYTI  INDIA  PERSIA  ITALY  JAPAN  LIBERIA  LUXEMBURG  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEW ZEALAND  PANAMA  PERU  POLAND  PORTUGAL  PARAGUAY  CHINA  RUMANIA  SWEDEN  EL SALVADOR  SIAM  UNITED KINGDOM  URUGUAY  VENEZUELA  JUGO-SLAVIA  SOUTH AFRICA 

League of Nations Covenant : LON

Flag or logo since 1920-01-10*
Société des Nations : SDN (fr) + League of Nations : LON (en) + Sociedad de Naciones : SDN (es) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol*

SG Sir James Eric Drummond (uk)
(since 1919-05-07)
Capital:Geneva - (Genève)
Official languages: English (en) . Spanish (es) . French (fr) .

Organisation:


LEAGUE OF NATIONS League of Nations Covenant : LON  (Geneva)

3 Organs or similar:

IPB International Peace Bureau : IPB  (Berne)Local: Bureau International de la Paix : BIP (fr) + International Peace Bureau : IPB (en)  (Bern)
LON League of Nations Secretariat : LON  (Geneva)Local: LEAGUE OF NATIONS Secretariat (en) + Secrétariat de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS (fr) + Secretaría de la SOCIEDAD DE LAS NACIONES (es)  (Genève)
PMC Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC (en) + Commission Permanente des Mandats : CPM (fr)  (Genève)



3 Assisted Entities

DANZIG Free City of DANZIG under League of Nations Protection  (Danzig) Heinrich Sahm
IRAQ State of IRAQ [League of Nations Mandate under British Administration]  (Baghdad) Saiyid Abdul Rahman Al-Haydari Al-Gillani
REHOBOTH Autonomous REHOBOTH Captaincy  (Rehoboth) Captain Cornelius van Wyk



8 Territories:

AERIAL NAVIGATION International Air Convention relating to the regulation of AERIAL NAVIGATION  (Paris)Local: Convention internationale portant réglementation de la NAVIGATION AÉRIENNE (fr)  (Paris)
AMBASSADORS Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Paris)Local: Conférence des AMBASSADEURS des Principales Puissances Alliées et Associées (fr) + Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers (en)  (Paris)
CTW Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW  (New York City)Local: Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW (en) + Comité sur le Trafic des Femmes et des Enfants : CTF (fr)  (New York City)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)Local: Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO (en) + Organisation Financière et Économique de la Société des Nations : OFÉ (fr) + Organización Económica y Financiera de la Sociedad de Naciones : OEF (es)  (Bruxelles)
HPIO Hygiene Permanent International Organization : HPIO  (London)Local: Organisation Internationale Permanente d''Hygiène : OIPH (fr) + Hygiene Permanent International Organization : HPIO (en) + Organización Internacional Permanente de Salud : OIPS (es)  (London)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Genève)
IOC International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)Local: International Opium Convention : IOC (en) + Convention internationale de l''Opium : CIO (fr) + Convención Internacional del Opio : CIO (es)  (''s-Gravenhage)
SCT Section for Communications and Transit : SCT  (Paris)Local: Section for Communications and Transit : SCT (en) + Section des Communications et Transports : SCT (fr) + Sección de Comunicaciones y Tránsito : SCT (es)  (Paris)

14 Condominiums:

FRENCH LEVANT STATES High Commission of the French Mandate for Syria and Great Lebanon : FRENCH LEVANT STATES  (Beirut)Local: Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban : ÉTATS DU LEVANT FRANÇAIS (fr) + Al-Intidab al-Firansi fi SURIYA WA LUBNAN : الانتداب الفرنسي في سوريا و لبنان (ar)  (Beyrouth)
KIRKOOK Sanjak of KIRKOOK : Mutesarifate of Kirkook  (Kirkook)Local: KIRKUK Mütesarrifiya  (Kirkuk)
KLAGENFURT KLAGENFURT Inter-Allied Plebiscite Commission in South Austria  (Klagenfurt)Local: KLAGENFURT Inter-Allied Plebiscite Commission (en) + Commission inter-alliée du Plébiscite de KLAGENFURT (fr) + KLAGENFURT-Gebiet (de)  (Klagenfurt)
MEMEL French Allied High Commission of MEMEL Territory   (Memel)Local: Territoire de MEMEL (fr) + Memelgebiet : MEMELLAND (de) + Teritorija KLAIPÉDOJE (lt)  (Memel)
NAURU Territory of NAURU [Australian administration of the League of Nations Mandate administered from the British Western Pacific Territories]  (Makwa)Local: Territory of NAURU (en) + Teritori NAOERO (na)  (Makwa)
NEW GUINEA British Territory of NEW GUINEA [Australian administration of the League of Nations Mandate]  (Rabaul)Local: Territory of NEW GUINEA (en)  (Rabaul)
PALESTINE British Mandate of PALESTINE  (Jerusalem)Local: British Mandate of PALESTINE (en) + FILASTIN : فلسطين الانتدابية (ar) + PALESTINA Eretz Yisrael : פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה ארץ ישראל (he)  (Jerusalem)
SAAR BASIN League of Nations Mandate of the Territory of THE SAAR BASIN  (Saarbrucken)Local: SAARBECKENgebiet (de) + Territoire du BASSIN DE LA SARRE (fr) + Territory of THE SAAR BASIN (en)  (Sarrebruck)
SILESIA Polish SILESIAN Voivodeship under International Commission Authority  (Kattowitz)Local: Polish SILESIAN Voivodeship under International Commission Authority (en) + Autorité de la Commission internationale pour la Voïvodie de SILÉSIE (fr) + Woiwodschaft SCHLESIEN (de) + Województwo ŚLĄSKIE (pl)  (Katowice)
SOUTH SEAS ISLANDS Territory of SOUTH-WEST PACIFIC ISLANDS [Japanese League of Nations Mandate of the South Seas Islands]  (Moen on Truk + Saipan)Local: Nihon Inintōchi yō NANYŌ GUNTŌ : 日本委任統治領南洋群島 (ja)  (Toraku + Saipan)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA [League of Nations Mandate under South African administration]  (Windhoek)Local: League of Nations Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Mandaatgebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Mandatsgebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)
UPPER SILESIA Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for UPPER SILESIA Province  (Oppeln)Local: Commission interalliée de Gouvernement et de Plébiscite pour la Province de HAUTE-SILÉSIE (fr) + Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for UPPER SILESIA Province (en) + Provinz OBERSCHLESIEN (de) + Prowincji GÓRNY ŚLĄSK (pl)  (Oppeln)
VILNIUS NEUTRAL ZONE League of Nations NEUTRAL ZONE OF VILNIUS  (Olita)Local: League of Nations NEUTRAL ZONE OF VILNIUS (en) + ZONE NEUTRE DE VILNIUS de la Société des Nations (fr) + VILNIAUS NEUTRALI ZONA (lt) + STREFA NEUTRALNA WILNA (pl)  (Alytus)
WESTERN SAMOA Civil Territory of WESTERN SAMOA [League of Nations Mandate under New Zealand Administration]  (Apia)Local: New Zealand Civil Administration of WESTERN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o SAMOA I SISIFO (sm)  (Apia)



48 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organisation. ] :

ALBANIA (Tirana) High Council
ARGENTINE (Buenos Ayres) President Hipolito Yrigoyen
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Michael Hainisch
AUSTRALIA (Melbourne + Canberra) King George V
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert I
BULGARIA (Sofia) Tsar Boris III the Unifier
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) Government Junta
BRAZIL (Rio of Janeiro) President Epitacio Pessoa
CANADA (Ottawa) King George V
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Giuseppe Motta
CHILI (Santiago of Chili + Valparaiso) President Juan Luis Sanfuentes
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Marco Fidel Suarez
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Julio Acosta Garcia
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) President Tomas Garrigue Masaryk
CUBA (Havana) President Mario Garcia Menocal
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Christian X
SPAIN (Madrid) King Alfonso XII
FINLAND (Helsinki) President Kaarlo Juho Stahlberg
FRANCE (Paris) President Alexandre Millerand
GREECE (Athens) King Constantine I
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Carlos Herrera
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Rafael Lopez Gutierrez
HAYTI (Port Au Prince) President Philippe Sudre Dartiguenave
INDIA (Delhi + Simla) Viceroy Frederic Thesiger
PERSIA (Tehran) Soltan Ahmad Shah Kajar
ITALY (Rome) King Victor Emmanuel III
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Yoshihito
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Charles Dunbar Burgess King
LUXEMBURG (Luxemburg) Grand Duchess Charlotte
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Emiliano Chamorro
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY (Christiania) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George V
PANAMA (Panama City) President Belisario Porras Barahona
PERU (Lima) President Augusto Leguia
POLAND (Warsaw) Jozef Pilsudski
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Antonio Jose de Almeida
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Manuel Gondra
CHINA (Peking) President Hsu Shih-Chang
RUMANIA (Bucharest) King Ferdinand I
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Jorge Melendez
SIAM (Bangkok) King Rama VI Vajiravudh
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) King George V
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Baltasar Brum
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Victorino Marquez Bustillos
JUGO-SLAVIA (Belgrade) King Peter I Karageorgevich
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) King George V



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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