w.ethnia.org
 

1922-JUL-20

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League of Nations Covenant : LON Organisation

Flag or logo since 1920-01-10
Société des Nations : SDN (fr) + League of Nations : LON (en) + Sociedad de Naciones : SDN (es)
Emblem or Symbol

SG Sir James Eric Drummond (uk)
(since 1919-05-07)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Geneva(Genève)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Organization:


LEAGUE OF NATIONS LEAGUE OF NATIONS Covenant  (Geneva)

3 Organs or similar:

IPB International Peace Bureau : IPB  (Berne)Local: Bureau International de la Paix : BIP (fr) + International Peace Bureau : IPB (en)  (Bern)
LON League of Nations Secretariat : LON  (Geneva)Local: LEAGUE OF NATIONS Secretariat (en) + Secrétariat de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS (fr) + Secretaría de la SOCIEDAD DE LAS NACIONES (es)  (Genève)
PMC Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC (en) + Commission Permanente des Mandats : CPM (fr)  (Genève)



4 Assisted Entities

DANZIG Free City of DANZIG under League of Nations Protection  (Danzig) Heinrich Sahm
IRAQ League of Nations Mandate of the British Protectorate of IRAQI Kingdom  (Baghdad) King Faysal I
REHOBOTH Autonomous REHOBOTH Captaincy  (Rehoboth) Captain Cornelius van Wyk
SAAR BASIN League of Nations Mandate of the Territory of THE SAAR BASIN  (Saarbrucken) Bartholomaeus Kossmann



6 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Africa:

BRITISH CAMEROONS League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS administered from Nigeria  (Buea)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS (en)  (Buea)
BRITISH TOGOLAND League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH TOGOLAND  (Ho)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH TOGOLAND (en)  (Ho)
FRENCH CAMEROON League of Nations Mandate of FRENCH CAMEROON  (Yaounde)Local: Territoire du CAMEROUN (fr)  (Yaoundé)
FRENCH TOGOLAND League of Nations Mandate of FRENCH TOGOLAND Territory  (Lome)Local: Territoire du TOGO FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Lomé)
RUANDA-URUNDI League of Nations Mandate of RUANDA-URUNDI  (Usumbura)Local: Mandat de la Société des Nations du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Belgisch Mandaatgebied van ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA South African administered League of Nations Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA  (Windhoek)Local: South African administered League of Nations Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Mandaatgebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Mandatsgebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)

1 Territory in Americas:

CTW Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW  (New York City)Local: Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW (en) + Comité sur le Trafic des Femmes et des Enfants : CTF (fr)  (New York City)

3 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Asia:

ARABO-IRAQI BOUNDARIES Zone of ARABO-IRAQI BOUNDARIES  (Muhammarah)Local: Zone of ARABO-IRAQI BOUNDARIES (en) + HUDUD ARAB-IRAQI : الحدود عربو في العراق (ar)  (Muhammarah)
FRENCH LEVANT STATES High Commission of the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon : FRENCH LEVANT STATES  (Beirut)Local: Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban : ÉTATS DU LEVANT FRANÇAIS (fr) + Al-Intidab al-Firansi fi SURIYA WA LUBNAN : الانتداب الفرنسي في سوريا و لبنان (ar)  (Beyrouth)
PALESTINE British Mandate of PALESTINE  (Jerusalem)Local: British Mandate of PALESTINE (en) + FILASTIN : فلسطين الانتدابية (ar) + PALESTINA Eretz Yisrael : פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה ארץ ישראל (he)  (Jerusalem)

11 Territories in Europe:

AERIAL NAVIGATION International Air Convention relating to the regulation of AERIAL NAVIGATION  (Paris)Local: Convention internationale portant réglementation de la NAVIGATION AÉRIENNE (fr)  (Paris)
AMBASSADORS Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Paris)Local: Conférence des AMBASSADEURS des Principales Puissances Alliées et Associées (fr) + Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers (en)  (Paris)
ATCCT Advisory and Technical Committee for Communications and Transit : ATCCT  (Barcelona)Local: Advisory and Technical Committee for Communications and Transit : ATCCT (en) + Comité Consultatif et Technique des Communications et des Transports : CCTCT (fr) + Comité Asesor y Técnico de Comunicaciones y Tránsito:: CATCT (es)  (Barcelona)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)Local: Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO (en) + Organisation Financière et Économique de la Société des Nations : OFÉ (fr) + Organización Económica y Financiera de la Sociedad de Naciones : OEF (es)  (Bruxelles)
HCR League of Nations High Commission for Refugees : HCR  (Berne)Local: Haut-Commissariat de la Société des Nations pour les Réfugiés : HCR (fr) + League of Nations High Commission for Refugees : HCR (en)  (Bern)
ICIC International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation : ICIC  (Geneva)Local: International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation : ICIC (en) + Commission Internationale de Coopération Intellectuelle : CICI (fr) + Comisión Internacional de Cooperación Intelectual: CICI (es)  (Genève)
IHB International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency  (Monaco)Local: Bureau Hydrographique International : Agence spécialisée du BHI (fr) + International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency (en)  (Monaco)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Genève)
IOC International Opium Convention : IOC  (The Hague)Local: International Opium Convention : IOC (en) + Convention internationale de l''Opium : CIO (fr) + Convención Internacional del Opio : CIO (es)  (''s-Gravenhage)
LNCH League of Nations Committee of Hygiene : LNCH  (Geneva)Local: Comité d''Hygiène de la Société des Nations : CHSN (fr) + League of Nations Committee of Hygiene : LNCH (en) + Comité de Higiene de la Sociedad de las Naciones : CHSN (es)  (Genève)
PCIJ Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ  (The Hague)Local: Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ (en) + Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale : CPJI (fr)  (''s-Gravenhage)

3 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Europe:

MEMEL French Allied High Commission of MEMEL Territory   (Memel)Local: Territoire de MEMEL (fr) + Memelgebiet : MEMELLAND (de) + Teritorija KLAIPÉDOJE (lt)  (Memel)
PORT AND WATERWAYS PORT AND WATERWAYS Council  (Zoppot)Local: Rada PORTU I ŚRÓDLĄDOWYCH (pl) + Rat der HAFEN-UND WASSERSTRAßEN (de)  (Zoppot)
VILNIUS NEUTRAL ZONE League of Nations NEUTRAL ZONE OF VILNIUS  (Olita)Local: League of Nations NEUTRAL ZONE OF VILNIUS (en) + ZONE NEUTRE DE VILNIUS de la Société des Nations (fr) + VILNIAUS NEUTRALI ZONA (lt) + STREFA NEUTRALNA WILNA (pl)  (Alytus)

4 Condominiums, co-administered or disputed territories in Oceania:

NAURU League of Nations Mandate for the Australian Administration of NAURU  (Makwa)Local: Territory of NAURU (en)  (Makwa)
NEW GUINEA Australian administered League of Nations Mandate of the British Territory of NEW GUINEA  (Rabaul)Local: Territory of NEW GUINEA (en)  (Rabaul)
SOUTH SEAS ISLANDS Japanese League of Nations Mandate of SOUTH SEAS Agency : South Pacific Mandate  (Koror)Local: Nihon Inintōchi yō NANYŌ GUNTŌ : 日本委任統治領南洋群島 (ja)  (Korōru)
WESTERN SAMOA New Zealand administered League of Nations Mandate on WESTERN SAMOA  (Apia)Local: League of Nations Mandate on WESTERN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o SAMOA I SISIFO (sm)  (Apia)



51 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ALBANIA (Tirana) High Council
ARGENTINE (Buenos Ayres) President Hipolito Yrigoyen
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Michael Hainisch
AUSTRALIA (Melbourne + Canberra) King George V
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert I
BULGARIA (Sofia) Tsar Boris III the Unifier
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Bautista Saavedra
BRAZIL (Rio of Janeiro) President Epitacio Pessoa
CANADA (Ottawa) King George V
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Robert Haab
CHILI (Santiago of Chili + Valparaiso) President Arturo Alessandri Palma
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Marco Fidel Suarez
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Julio Acosta Garcia
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) President Tomas Garrigue Masaryk
CUBA (Havana) President Alfredo Zayas
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Christian X
ESTONIA (Tallinna + Tartu) Konstantin Pats
SPAIN (Madrid) King Alfonso XII
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Kaarlo Juho Stahlberg
FRANCE (Paris) President Alexandre Millerand
GREECE (Athens) King Constantine I
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Jose Maria Orellana
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Rafael Lopez Gutierrez
HAYTI (Port Au Prince) President Louis Borno
INDIA (Delhi + Simla) Viceroy Rufus Isaacs
PERSIA (Tehran) Soltan Ahmad Shah Kajar
ITALY (Rome) King Victor Emmanuel III
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Yoshihito
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Charles Dunbar Burgess King
LITHUANIA (Kaunas) President Alexandras Stulginskis
LUXEMBURG (Luxemburg) Grand Duchess Charlotte
LATVIA (Riga) President Janis Cakste
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Diego Manuel Chamorro Bolanos
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY (Christiania) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George V
PANAMA (Panama City) President Belisario Porras Barahona
PERU (Lima) President Augusto Leguia
POLAND (Warsaw) Jozef Pilsudski
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Antonio Jose de Almeida
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Eusebio Ayala
CHINA (Peking) President Li Yuan-Hung
RUMANIA (Bucharest) King Ferdinand I
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Jorge Melendez
SIAM (Bangkok) King Rama VI Vajiravudh
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) King George V
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Baltasar Brum
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Juan Vicente Gomez
JUGO-SLAVIA (Belgrade) King Alexander I the Unifier Karageorgevich
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) King George V



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.