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1933-JUL-03

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League of Nations Covenant : LON

Flag or logo since 1930-01-01
Société des Nations : SDN (fr) + League of Nations : LON (en) + Sociedad de Naciones : SDN (es) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

SG Joseph Avenol (fr)
(since 1933-07-03)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Geneva(Genève)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Organization:


LEAGUE OF NATIONS LEAGUE OF NATIONS Covenant  (Geneva)

4 Organs or similar:

IPB International Peace Bureau : IPB  (Berne)Local: Bureau International de la Paix : BIP (fr) + International Peace Bureau : IPB (en)  (Bern)
LON League of Nations Secretariat : LON  (Geneva)Local: LEAGUE OF NATIONS Secretariat (en) + Secrétariat de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS (fr) + Secretaría de la SOCIEDAD DE LAS NACIONES (es)  (Genève)
LONNY League of Nations in NEW YORK  (New York City)Local: League of Nations Convention in NEW YORK (en) + Convention de la SOCIÉTÉ DES NATIONS à New York (fr) + Convención de la SOCIEDAD DE NACIONES en Nueva York (es)  (New York City)
PMC Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC  (Geneva)Local: Permanent Mandates Commission : PMC (en) + Commission Permanente des Mandats : CPM (fr)  (Genève)



7 Assisted Entities

DANZIG Free City of DANZIG  (Danzig) Hermann Rauschning
LEBANON Mandate of the French Protectorate of the Autonomous LEBANESE Republic  (Beirut) President Charles Debbas
LEVANT STATES High Commission of the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon : LEVANTINE STATES  (Beirut) President Albert Lebrun
PALESTINE League of Nations British Mandate for PALESTINE  (Jerusalem) King George V
SAAR BASIN League of Nations Mandate of the Territory of THE SAAR BASIN  (Saarbrucken) Peter Scheuer
SYRIA League of Nations Mandate of the SYRIAN Republic  (Damascus) President Muhammad Ali Bay al-Abid
TRANSJORDAN Protectorate of the British Mandate of TRANSJORDAN Emirate  (Amman) Emir Abdallah I



13 Territories:

AMBASSADORS Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers  (Paris)Local: Conférence des AMBASSADEURS des Principales Puissances Alliées et Associées (fr) + Conference of AMBASSADORS of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers (en)  (Paris)
ATCCT Advisory and Technical Committee for Communications and Transit : ATCCT  (Geneva)Local: Advisory and Technical Committee for Communications and Transit : ATCCT (en) + Comité Consultatif et Technique des Communications et des Transports : CCTCT (fr) + Comité Asesor y Técnico de Comunicaciones y Tránsito:: CATCT (es)  (Genève)
CTW Advisory Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW  (New York City)Local: Advisory Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children : CTW (en) + Comité consultatif sur le Trafic des Femmes et des Enfants : CTF (fr)  (New York City)
DISARMAMENT Geneva Naval Conference : World DISARMAMENT Conference  (Geneva)Local: Geneva Naval Conference : World DISARMAMENT Conference (en) + Conférence navale de Genève : Conférence sur le DÉSARMEMENT mondial (fr) + Naval Conferencia de Ginebra : Conferencia Mundial sobre DESARME (es)  (Genève)
EFO Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO  (Brusells)Local: Economic and Financial Organization of the League of Nations : EFO (en) + Organisation Financière et Économique de la Société des Nations : OFÉ (fr) + Organización Económica y Financiera de la Sociedad de Naciones : OEF (es)  (Bruxelles)
ICAN International Commission for Air Navigation : ICAN  (Paris)Local: Commission Internationale de la Navigation Aérienne : CINA (fr)  (Paris)
IHB International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency  (Monaco)Local: Bureau Hydrographique International : Agence spécialisée du BHI (fr) + International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB Specialized Agency (en)  (Monaco)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Genève)
LNHO League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO  (Geneva)Local: League of Nations Health Organization : LNHO (en) + Organisation d''Hygiène de la Société des Nations : OHSN (fr) + Organización de Higiene de la Sociedad de las Naciones : OHSN (es)  (Genève)
NANSEN REFUGEES Nansen International Office for REFUGEES under the Authority of the League of Nations  (Berne)Local: Office International Nansen pour les RÉFUGIÉS sous l''autorité de la Société des Nations (fr) + Nansen International Office for REFUGEES under the Authority of the League of Nations (en)  (Bern)
OIC Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC  (Geneva)Local: Organization of Intellectual Cooperation : OIC (en) + Organisation de Coopération Intellectuelle : OCI (fr) + Organización de Cooperación Intelectual: OIC (es)  (Genève)
PCIJ Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ  (The Hague)Local: Permanent Court of International Justice : PCIJ (en) + Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale : CPJI (fr)  (''s-Gravenhage)
PCOB Permanent Central Opium Board : PCOB  (Bangkok)Local: Permanent Central Opium Board : PCOB (en) + Organe Central Permanent de l''Opium : OCPO (fr) + Junta Central Permanente del Opio : JCPO (es)  (Krung Thep)

15 Condominiums:

BRITISH CAMEROONS League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS administered from Nigeria  (Buea)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH CAMEROONS (en)  (Buea)
BRITISH TOGOLAND League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH TOGOLAND administered from Gold Coast  (Ho)Local: League of Nations Mandate of BRITISH TOGOLAND (en)  (Ho)
FRENCH CAMEROON League of Nations Mandate of FRENCH CAMEROON  (Yaounde)Local: Territoire du CAMEROUN (fr)  (Yaoundé)
FRENCH TOGOLAND League of Nations Mandate of FRENCH TOGOLAND Territory  (Lome)Local: Territoire du TOGO FRANÇAIS (fr)  (Lomé)
LETICIA League of Nations LETICIA Commission  (Leticia)Local: Comisión LETICIA de la Sociedad de Naciones (es) + League of Nations LETICIA Commission (en) + Commission de LETICIA de la Société des Nations (fr)  (Leticia)
NAURU League of Nations Mandate for the Australian Administration of NAURU  (Makwa)Local: Territory of NAURU (en)  (Makwa)
NEW GUINEA Australian administered League of Nations Mandate of the British Territory of NEW GUINEA  (Rabaul)Local: Territory of NEW GUINEA (en)  (Rabaul)
PORT AND WATERWAYS PORT AND WATERWAYS Council  (Zoppot)Local: Rada PORTU I ŚRÓDLĄDOWYCH (pl) + Rat der HAFEN-UND WASSERSTRAßEN (de)  (Zoppot)
RUANDA-URUNDI League of Nations Mandate of RUANDA-URUNDI Province of Belgian Congo  (Usumbura)Local: Mandat de la Société des Nations du RUANDA-URUNDI (fr) + Belgisch Mandaatgebied van ROEANDA-OEROENDI (nl)  (Usumbura)
SOUTH SEAS ISLANDS Japanese League of Nations Mandate of SOUTH SEAS Agency : South Pacific Mandate  (Koror)Local: Nihon Inintōchi yō NANYŌ GUNTŌ : 日本委任統治領南洋群島 (ja)  (Korōru)
SOUTH WEST AFRICA South African administered League of Nations Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA  (Windhoek)Local: Mandaat van SUIDWES-AFRIKA (af) + Mandate of SOUTH WEST AFRICA (en) + Mandaatgebied van ZUIDWEST-AFRIKA (nl) + Mandatsgebiet SÜDWESTAFRIKA (de)  (Windhoek)
STRAITS ZONE International STRAITS Commission of the League of Nations  (Istanbul)Local: International STRAITS Commission of the League of Nations (en) + Commission internationale des DÉTROITS de la Société des Nations (fr)  (İstanbul)
TANGANYIKA League of Nations Mandate of TANGANYIKA Territory  (Daressalam)Local: TANGANYIKA Territory (en)  (Daressalam)
WESTERN SAMOA New Zealand administered League of Nations Mandate on WESTERN SAMOA  (Apia)Local: League of Nations Mandate on WESTERN SAMOA (en) + Teritori o SAMOA I SISIFO (sm)  (Apia)
WESTERPLATTE Polish Military Territory of WESTERPLATTE  (Westerplatte)Local: WESTERPLATTE Halbinsel (de) + Półwyspu WESTERPLATTE (pl)  (Westerplatte)


56 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ALBANIA (Tirana) King Zog I Skanderbeg III
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Agustin Pedro Justo
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Wilhelm Miklas
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) King George V
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert I
BULGARIA (Sofia) Tsar Boris III the Unifier
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Daniel Salamanca Urey
CANADA (Ottawa) King George V
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Edmund Schulthess
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Arturo Alessandri Palma
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Alfredo Olaya Herrera
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) President Tomas Garrigue Masaryk
CUBA (Havana) President Gerardo Machado
GERMANY (Berlin) Reichpresident Paul von Hindenburg
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Christian X
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo-Ciudad Trujillo) President Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
ESTONIA (Tallinn + Tartu) Jaan Tonisson
SPAIN (Madrid) President Niceto Alcala-Zamora y Torres
ABYSSINIA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
FRANCE (Paris) President Albert Lebrun
GREECE (Athens) President Alexandros Zaimis
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Jorge Ubico
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Tiburcio Carias Andino
HAYTI (Port Au Prince) President Stenio Vincent
HUNGARY (Budapest) Regent Miklos Horthy de Nagybanya
IRELAND (Dublin) King George V
INDIA (New Delhi + Simla) Viceroy Freeman Freeman-Thomas
IRAQ (Baghdad) King Faysal I
PERSIA (Tehran) Reza Shah Pahlavi the Great
ITALY (Rome) King Victor Emmanuel III
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President Edwin Barclay
LITHUANIA (Kaunas) President Antanas Smetona
LUXEMBURG (Luxemburg) Grand Duchess Charlotte
LATVIA (Riga) President Alberts Kviesis
MEXICO (Mexico City) Abelardo Lujan Rodriguez
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Juan Bautista Sacasa
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Wilhelmina
NORWAY (Oslo) King Haakon VII
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) King George V
PANAMA (Panama City) President Harmodio Arias Madrid
PERU (Lima) President Oscar Raymundo Benavides
POLAND (Warsaw) Jozef Pilsudski
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Oscar Carmona
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Eusebio Ayala
RUMANIA (Bucharest) King Carol II
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav V
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez
SIAM (Bangkok) King Rama VII Prajadhipok
TURKEY (Ankara) President Mustafa Kemal Pasha
CHINA (Nanking) Lin Sen
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) King George V
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Gabriel Terra
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Juan Vicente Gomez
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) King Alexander I the Unifier Karageorgevich
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town) King George V



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.