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1972-JAN-01

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International Organization UNITED ARAB EMIRATES  AFGHANISTAN  ALBANIA  ARGENTINE  AUSTRIA  AUSTRALIA  BARBADOS  BELGIUM  UPPER VOLTA  BULGARIA  BAHRAIN  BURUNDI  DAHOMEY  BOLIVIA  BRAZIL  BHUTAN  BOTSWANA  BYELORUSSIA  CANADA  ZAIRE  CENTRAL-AFRICAN  CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE  IVORY COAST  CHILE  CAMEROON  CHINA  COLOMBIA  COSTA RICA  CZECHOSLOVAKIA  CUBA  CYPRUS  DOMINICAN  DENMARK  ALGERIA  ECUADOR  EGYPT  SPAIN  ETHIOPIA  FINLAND  FIJI  FRANCE  GABON  GHANA  GAMBIA  GUINEA  EQUATORIAL GUINEA  GREECE  GUATEMALA  GUYANA  HONDURAS  HAITI  HUNGARY  INDONESIA  IRELAND  ISRAEL  INDIA  IRAQ  IRAN  ICELAND  ITALY  JAMAICA  JORDAN  JAPAN  KENYA  KHMER  KUWAIT  LAOS  LEBANON  CEYLON  LIBERIA  LESOTHO  LUXEMBOURG  LIBYA  MOROCCO  MADAGASCAR  MALI  BURMA  MONGOLIA  MAURITANIA  MALTA  MAURITIUS  MALDIVES  MALAWI  MEXICO  MALAYSIA  NIGER  NIGERIA  NICARAGUA  NETHERLANDS  NORWAY  NEPAL  NEW ZEALAND  OMAN  PANAMA  PERU  PHILIPPINES  PAKISTAN  POLAND  PORTUGAL  PARAGUAY  QATAR  ROMANIA  RWANDA  SAUDI ARABIA  SUDAN  SWEDEN  SINGAPORE  SIERRA LEONE  SENEGAL  SOMALIA  SOVIET UNION  EL SALVADOR  SYRIA  SWAZILAND  CHAD  TOGO  THAILAND  TUNISIA  TURKEY  TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO  TANZANIA  UKRAINE  UGANDA  UNITED KINGDOM  AMERICA  URUGUAY  VENEZUELA  SOUTH YEMEN  NORTH YEMEN  YUGOSLAVIA  SOUTH AFRICA  ZAMBIA 

United Nations Organization : UNO

Flag or logo since 1946-12-07
United Nations Organization : UNO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies : ONU (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas : ONU (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy : OON - Организация Объединённых Наций : OOH (ru) + Lien Ho-Kuo Tsu-Chih: LHK - 联合国 组织 (zh) Organisation
Emblem or Symbol

SG Kurt Waldheim (at)
(since 1972-01-01)
Population:
Area:
Capital:New York City(New York City)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Organization:


UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS Organization  (New York City)

13 Organs or similar:

ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC  (New York City + Geneva)Local: United Nations Economic and Social Council : ECOSOC (en) + Conseil Économique et Social des Nations-Unies : CÉSNU (fr) + Consejo Económico y Social de las Naciones Unidas : CESNU (es) + Ekonomicheskiy i Sotsial''nyy Sovet Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : ESSOON - Экономический и Социальный Совет Организации Объединённых Наций : ЭССООН (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Ching-Chi chi She-Huei Li-Shih Huei : 联合国经济及社会理事会 (zh)  (New York City + Genève)
INCB Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs : International Narcotics Control Board : INCB  (New York City)Local: International Narcotics Control Board : INCB (en) + Organe International de Contrôle des Stupéfiants : OICS (fr) + Junta Internacional de Fiscalización de Estupefacientes : JIFE (es)  (New York City)
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea : UNCLOS  (Geneva)Local: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea : UNCLOS (en) + Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Derecho del Mar : CONVEMAR (es) + Convention des Nations-Unies sur le Droit de la Mer : CNUDM (fr)   (Genève)
UNDC United Nations Disarmament Committee : UNDC  (New York City)Local: United Nations Disarmament Committee : UNDC (en) + Comité du Désarmement des Nations-Unies : CDNU (fr)  (New York City)
UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities : UNFPA  (New York City)Local: United Nations Fund for Population Activities : UNFPA (en) + Fonds des Nations-Unies pour les Activités de la Population : FNUAP (fr) + Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para Actividades de Población : FNUAP (es)  (New York City)
UNGA United Nations General Assembly : UNGA  (New York City)Local: United Nations General Assembly : UNGA (en) + Assemblée Générale des Nations-Unies : AGNU (fr) + Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas : AGNU (es) + General''naya Assambleya Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : GAOON - Генеральная Ассамблея Организации Объединённых Наций : ГAOOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Ta-Huei : LT - 联合国大会 (zh)  (New York City)
UNIDP United Nations Industrial Development Program : UNIDP Autonomous Body  (Vienna)Local: United Nations Industrial Development Program : UNIDP (en) + Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement Industriel : PNUDI (fr) + Programa de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo Industrial : PNUDI (es)  (Wien)
UNNY United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY  (New York City)Local: United Nations Headquarters in New York City : UNNY (en) + Siège des Nations-Unies à New York : UNNY (fr) + Sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York : UNNY (es) + Tsentral''nyye Uchrezhdeniya Organizatsii Ob''yedinennykh Natsiy : TSUOON - Центральные Учреждения Организации Объединенных Наций : ЦУOOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Tsung-Pu Ta-Lou : 联合国总部大楼 (zh)  (New York City)
UNOG United Nations Office at Geneva : UNOG  (Geneva)Local: Office des Nations-Unies à Genève : ONUG (fr) + United Nations Office at Geneva : UNOG (en)  (Genève)
UNON United Nations Office at Nairobi : UNON  (Nairobi)Local: United Nations Office at Nairobi : UNON (en)  (Nairobi)
UNS United Nations Secretariat : UNS  (New York City)Local: United Nations Secretariat : UNS (en) + Secrétariat général des Nations-Unies : SGNU (fr) + Secretaría General de Naciones Unidas : SGNU (es) + Sekretariat Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Секретариат Организации Объединённых Наций : COOH (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo Mi-Shu Ch''u : 联合国秘书处 (zh)  (New York City)
UNSC United Nations Security Council : UNSC  (New York City)Local: United Nations Security Council : UNSC (en) + Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas : CSNU (es) + Conseil de Sécurité des Nations-Unies : CSNU (fr) + Sovet Bezopasnosti Organizatsii Ob''yedinonnykh Natsiy : SOON - Совет Безопасности Организации Объединённых Наций : СБOO (ru) + Lien-Ho-Kuo An-Ch''üan Li-Shih Huei : LATH - 联合国安全理事会 (zh)  (New York City)
UNTT United Nations Trust Territories : UNTT  (New York City)Local: United Nations Trust Territories : UNTT (en) + Territoires sous Tutelle des Nations-Unies : TTNU (fr)  (New York City)



2 Assisted Entities

FREE KASHMIR Free State of Jammu and Kashmir : FREE KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP]  (Muzaffarabad) President Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan
NAMIBIA South West African People''s Organization : SWAPO [United Nations Trust Territory of Occupied Namibia]  (Lusaka) President Sam Nujoma



23 Territories:

CCD Conference of the Committee on Disarmament : CCD  (Geneva)Local: Conference of the Committee on Disarmament : CCD (en) + Conférence du Comité sur le Désarmement : CCD (fr) + Soveschanie Komiteta po Razoruzheniyu : SKR - Совещание Комитета по Pазоружению : CKP (ru)  (Genève)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Rome)Local: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Alimentation et l''Agriculture : ONUAA (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura : FAO (es) + Prodovolstvennaya i Selskohozyaystvennaya Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsy : FAO - Продовольственная и сельскохозяйственная организация Объединенных Наций : ФАО (ru) + Lian-Ho-Kuo Liang-Shih-chi Nung-Yeh Tsu-Chih : 聯合國糧食及農業組織 (zh)  (Roma)
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA Specialized Agency  (Vienna)Local: International Atomic Energy Agency : IAEA (en) + Agence Internationale de l''Énergie Atomique : AIÉA (fr) + Organismo Internacional de Energía Atómica : OIEA (es) + Mezhdunarodnoe Agentstvo po Atomnoy Energii : MAGATE - Международное агентство по атомной энергии : МАГАТЭ (ru) + Guoji Yuanzi-Neng Jigou : GYNJ - 国际原子能机构 (zh)  (Wien)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD (en) + Banque Internationale de Reconstruction et de Développement : BIRD (fr) + Banco Internacional de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo : BIRD (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Bank Rekonstruktsii i Razvitiya : Международный Банк Реконструкции и Развития : МБРР (ru) + Kuo-Chi Fu-Hsing ho K''ai-Fa Yin-Hang : SHIH-CHIEH YIN-HANG - 國際復興和開發銀行: 世界銀行 (zh)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)Local: International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency (en) + Organisation de l''Aviation Civile Internationale : Agence spécialisée de l''OACI (fr)  (Montréal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)Local: International Court of Justice : ICJ (en) + Cour Internationale de Justice : CIJ (fr)  (''s-Gravenhage)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Labour Organization : ILO (en) + Organisation Internationale du Travail : OIT (fr) + Organización Internacional del Trabajo : OIT (es)  (Genève)
IMCO Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO Specialized Agency  (London)Local: Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO (en) + Organisation Maritime Consultative Intergouvernementale : OMCI (fr)  (London)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: International Monetary Fund : IMF (en) + Fonds Monétaire International : FMI (fr) + Fondo Monetario Internacional : FMI (es)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: International Telecommunication Union : ITU (en) + Union Internationale des Télécommunications : UIT (fr) + Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones: UIT (es) + Mezhdunarodnyy Soyuz Elektrosvyazi : MSE - Международный Союз Электросвязи : МСЭ (ru) + Kuo-Chi Tien-Hsin Lien-Meng : KTL - 國際電信聯盟 (zh)  (Genève)
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN  (Brussels)Local: International Union for Conservation of Nature : IUCN (en) + Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature : UICN (fr)  (Bruxelles)
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO  (Washington-District of Columbia)Local: Pan-American Health Organization : PAHO (en) + Organización Panamericana de la Salud : OPS (es) + Organisation Panaméricaine de la Santé : OPS (fr)  (Washington-District of Columbia)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD  (Geneva)Local: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development : UNCTAD (en) + Conférence des Nations-Unies sur le Commerce Et le Développement : CNUCED (fr)  (Genève)
UNDP United Nations Development Programme : UNDP Specialized Agency  (New York City)Local: United Nations Development Programme : UNDP (en) + Programme des Nations-Unies pour le Développement : PNUD (fr) + Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo : PNUD (es)  (New York City)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)Local: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO (en) + Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l''Éducation la Science et la Culture : UNESCO (fr) + Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación la Ciencia y la Cultura : UNESCO (es) + Organizatsiya Obedinennyh Natsiy po Voprosam ObrazovanIa Nauki i Kultury : UNESKO - Организация Объединённых Наций по вопросам образования науки и культуры : ЮНЕСКО (ru) + Lianheguo Jiayu Kexue-Ji Wenhua Zuzhi : UNESCO - 联合国教育、科学及文化组织'' (zh)  (Paris)
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR Agency  (Geneva)Local: United Nations High Commission for Refugees : UNHCR (en) + Haut-Commissariat des Nations-Unies pour les Réfugiés : HCR (fr) + Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados : ACNUR (es) + Upravlenie Verhovnogo Komissara Organizatsiya Obedinnenyh Naziy po Delam Bezhentsev : UVKB - Управление Верховного комиссара Организации Объединённых Наций по делам беженцев : УВКБ (ru) + Lianheguo Nanmin Shiwu Gaojizhuanyuan Banshichu : NSGB - 联合国难民事务高级专员办事处 (zh)  (Genève)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Specialized Agency  (New York City)Local: United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF (en) + Fonds des Nations-Unies pour l''Enfance : UNICEF (fr) + Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia : UNICEF (es) + Detskiy Fond Organizatsii Obedinennyh Natsiy : UNICEF - Детский фонд Организации Объединённых Наций : ЮНИСЕ (ru) + Lien-He-Guo Er-Tong Ji-Jin-Hui : 联合国儿童基金会 (zh)  (New York City)
UNOOSA Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty  (London + Moscow + Washington-District of Columbia)Local: Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies : OUTER SPACE Treaty (en) + Tratado sobre los principios que deben regir las actividades de los Estados en la exploración y utilización del espacio ultraterrestre incluso la Luna y otros cuerpos celestes : TRATADO SOBRE EL ESPACIO ULTRATERRESTRE (es) + Traité sur les principes régissant les activités des États en matière d''exploration et d''utilisation de l''espace extra-atmosphérique y compris la Lune et les autres corps célestes : TRAITÉ DE L''ESPACE (fr) + Dogovor o printsipakh deyatel''nosti gosudarstv po issledovaniyu i ispol''zovaniyu kosmicheskogo prostranstva vklyuchaya Lunu i drugiye nebesnyye tela : DOGOVOR O KOSMOSE - Договор о принципах деятельности государств по исследованию и использованию космического пространства включая Луну и другие небесные тела : ДОГОВОР О КОСМОСЕ (ru) + K''uan-yü k''o-k''uo t''an-so ho li-yung pao-k''uo yueh-ch''iu ho ch''i-t''a t''ien-t''i t''e wai-ts''eng kung-ch''ien huo-tung so ying tsun-shou yuan-tse te t''iao-yueh : WAI K''UNG T''IAO-YUEH - 關於各國探索和利用包括月球和其他天體的外層空間活動所應遵守原則的條約 : 外空條約 (zh)  (London + Moskva + Washington-District of Columbia)
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA  (Gaza + Amman)Local: UNRWA : وكالة الأمم المتحدة لإغاثة وتشغيل اللاجئين الفلسطينيين (ar) + United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East : UNRWA (en) + Office de Secours et de Travaux des Nations-Unies pour les Réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient : UNRWA (fr)  (''Azza + Amman)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)Local: Union Postale Universelle : UPU (fr)  (Bern)
WFP World Food Programme : WFP  (Rome)Local: Programme Alimentaire Mondial : PAM (fr) + World Food Programme : WFP (en) + Programa Mundial de Alimentos : PMA (es) + Vsemirnaya Prodovolstvennaya Programma : VPP - Всемирная Продовольственная Программа : ВПП (ru) + Shijie Liangshi Jihua Shu : SLJ - 世界糧食計劃署 (zh) + Programma Alimentare Mondiale : PAM (it)  (Roma)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: World Health Organization : WHO (en) + Organización Mundial de la Salud : OMS (es) + Organisation Mondiale de la Santé : OMS (fr) + Vsemirnaya Organizatsiya Zdravoohraneniya : VOZ - Всемирная Oрганизация Здравоохранения : BOЗ (ru) + Shih-Chieh Wei-Sheng Tsu-Chih : SWT - 世界衛生組織 (zh)  (Genève)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)Local: World Meteorological Organization : WMO (en) + Organisation Météorologique Mondiale : OMM (fr) + Organización Meteorológica Mundial : OMM (es) + Vsemirnaya Meteorologicheskaya Organizatsiya : VMO - Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация : BMO (ru) + Shih-Chieh Ch''i-Hsiang Tsu-Chih : SCT - 世界氣象組織 (zh)  (Genève)

10 Condominiums:

JAMMU AND KASHMIR State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan-UNMOGIP at Srinagar]  (Jammu + Srinagar)Local: State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR (en) + JAMMU O-KASHMIR : مقبوضہ کشمیر (ur) + JAMMU O KAHSMIR : جۄم تٕ کٔشېر (ks)  (Jammu + Srinagar)
KOREAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE Buffer Zone of the KOREAN DEMILITARIZED ZONE [United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission-UNCMAC]  (Panmunjom)Local: United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission : UNCMAC (en) + Hanbando Bimujangjidae : HANBANDOBIMUJANGJIDAE - 한반도 비무장지대 : 韓半島非武裝地帶 (ko)  (P''anmunjŏm)
PACIFIC ISLANDS United Nations Trust Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS  (Garapan on Saipan)Local: United Nations Trust Territory of THE PACIFIC ISLANDS (en)  (Garapan on Saipan)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Beach Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN GAZA STRIP : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Al-Shati)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Amman New Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN JORDAN : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Wihdat)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN LEBANON PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN LEBANON : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Burj El Barajneh)Local: CAMPS DE RÉFUGIÉS PALESTINIENS AU LIBAN : UNRWA-Office de secours et de travaux des Nations unies pour les réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient  (Bourj El-Barajneh)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Dera Camp)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN SYRIA : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Dara''â)
PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Aqabat Jaber)Local: PALESTINIAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN WEST BANK : UNRWA-United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  (Aqabat Jabr)
TURKISH CYPRUS Provisional TURKISH CYPRIOT Admininistration [United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in Cyprus-UNFICYP]  (Nicosia-North)Local: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in Cyprus : Provisional TURKISH CYPRIOT Admininistration (en) + Administration CHYPRIOTE-TURQUE provisoire (Force des Nations-Unies chargée du maintien de la paix à Chypre-UNFICYP) + Türk Mukavemet Teşkilatı : TMT (tr)  (Lefkosha)
UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization : UNTSO  (Government House of Jerusalem)Local: United Nations Truce Supervision Organization : UNTSO (en) + Organisme des Nations-Unies chargé de la Surveillance de la Trêve : ONUST (fr) + UNTSO : ארגון הפיקוח על הפסקת אש של האומות המאוחדות (he) + ONUST : هيئة الأمم المتحدة لمراقبة (ar)  (Government House of Jerusalem)


132 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi + Al Karama) President Sheikh Zayed II bin Sultan Al Nahyan
AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) King Mohammad Zahir Shah
ALBANIA (Tirana) Enver Hoxha
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Alejandro Agustin Lanusse
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Franz Jonas
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Baudoin I
UPPER VOLTA (Ouagadougou) General Aboubakar Sangoule Lamizana
BULGARIA (Sofia) Todor Zhivkov
BAHRAIN (Manamah) Emir Sheikh Isa II bin Salman Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Bujumbura) President Michel Micombero
DAHOMEY (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Hubert Maga
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Hugo Banzer
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Emilio Garrastazu Medici
BHUTAN (Thimphu) King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Seretse Khama
BYELORUSSIA (Minsk) Pyotr Masherov
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
ZAIRE (Kinshasa) President Joseph-Desire Mobutu
CENTRAL-AFRICAN (Bangui) President Jean-Bedel Bokassa
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Marien Ngouabi
IVORY COAST (Abidjan) President Felix Houphouet-Boigny
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Salvador Allende
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Ahmadou Ahidjo
CHINA (Peking) Mao Tse-Tung the Great Helmsman
COLOMBIA (Bogota) President Misael Pastrana Borrero
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Jose Figueres Ferrer
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Prague) Gustav Husak
CUBA (Havana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
CYPRUS (Nicosia) President Archbishop Makarios III
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Joaquin Balaguer
DENMARK (Copenhagen) King Frederick IX
ALGERIA (Algiers) President Houari Boumedienne
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra
EGYPT (Cairo) President Anwar El-Sadat
SPAIN (Madrid) Caudillo Francisco Franco
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) Emperor Ras Tafari Haile Selassie I
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Urho Kekkonen
FIJI (Suva) Queen Elizabeth II
FRANCE (Paris) President Georges Pompidou
GABON (Libreville) President Albert-Bernard Bongo
GHANA (Accra) President Edward Akufo-Addo
GAMBIA (Bathurst) President Sir Dawda Jawara
GUINEA (Conakry) President Ahmed Sekou Toure
EQUATORIAL GUINEA (Santa Isabel) President Francisco Macias Nguema
GREECE (Athens) Regent George Zoitakis
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Arthur Chung
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa + Comayaguela) President Ramon Ernesto Cruz Ucles
HAITI (Port Au Prince) President Jean-Claude Duvalier Baby Doc
HUNGARY (Budapest) Janos Kadar
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Suharto
IRELAND (Dublin) President Eamon de Valera
ISRAEL (West Jerusalem + Tel Aviv-Jaffa) President Zalman Shazar
INDIA (New Delhi) President Varahagiri Venkata Giri
IRAQ (Baghdad) President Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr
IRAN (Tehran) Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Kristjan Eldjarn
ITALY (Rome) President Giovanni Leone
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Hussein I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Hirohito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Jomo Kenyatta
KHMER (Phnom Penh) Cheng Heng
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Sabah III Al Salim Al Sabah
LAOS (Luangphrabang + Vientiane) King Savang Vatthana
LEBANON (Beirut) President Suleiman Franjieh
CEYLON (Colombo) Queen Elizabeth II
LIBERIA (Monrovia) President William Richard Tolbert Jr
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Moshoeshoe II
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Jean
LIBYA (Tripoli) Guide Muammar Gaddafi
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Hassan II
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Philibert Tsiranana
MALI (Bamako) President Moussa Traore
BURMA (Rangoon) President Ne Win
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) Yumjaagiyn Tsedenbal
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) President Moktar Ould Daddah
MALTA (Valletta) Queen Elizabeth II
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) Queen Elizabeth II
MALDIVES (Male) President Ibrahim Nasir
MALAWI (Zomba) President Hastings Banda
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Luis Echeverria Alvarez
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur) Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah
NIGER (Niamey) President Hamani Diori
NIGERIA (Lagos) Yakubu Gowon
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Anastasio Somoza Debayle
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Juliana
NORWAY (Oslo) King Olav V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) Maharajah Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
OMAN (Muscat) Sultan Qaboos bin Said
PANAMA (Panama City) General Omar Torrijos
PERU (Lima) President Juan Velasco Alvarado
PHILIPPINES (Quezon City + Baguio City) President Ferdinand Marcos
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
POLAND (Warsaw) Edward Gierek
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Americo Thomaz
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Alfredo Stroessner
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Ahmad II bin Ali Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) Nicolae Ceausescu
RWANDA (Kigali) President Gregoire Kayibanda
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Faisal
SUDAN (Khartoum) President Gaafar Nimeiry
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Gustav VI Adolphe
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Benjamin Henry Sheares
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) President Siaka Stevens
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Leopold Sedar Senghor
SOMALIA (Mogadishu) President Muhammad Siad Barre
SOVIET UNION (Moscow) Leonid Brezhnev
EL SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Fidel Sanchez Hernandez
SYRIA (Damascus) President Hafez Al-Assad
SWAZILAND (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Sobhuza II
CHAD (Fort Lamy) President Francois Tombalbaye
TOGO (Lome) President Etienne Eyadema
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Habib Bourguiba
TURKEY (Ankara) President Cevdet Sunay
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) Queen Elizabeth II
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam) President Julius Nyerere
UKRAINE (Kiev) Piotr Shelest
UGANDA (Kampala) President Idi Amin Dada
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Richard Nixon
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Jorge Pacheco Areco
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Rafael Caldera
SOUTH YEMEN (Aden) President Salem Ali Rubayyi
NORTH YEMEN (Sanaa) Abdul Rahman al-Iryani
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) President Josip Broz Tito
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein) State President Jacobus Johannes Fouche
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Kenneth Kaunda



Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
   
Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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