ethnia.org
 

2019-OCT-10

Zones:

EUROPEAN UNION  NETHERLANDS  HOLLAND 
   
(Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg) - (Amsterdam + The Hague) - (Amsterdam + The Hague) -

Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS

Flag or logo since 1949-08-23
Koninkrijk der NEDERLANDEN (nl) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol

President Donald Tusk
(ruler of EUROPEAN UNION since 2014-12-01)

King Willem-Alexander
(ruler of NETHERLANDS since 2013-04-30)
Capital:Amsterdam + The Hague - (Amsterdam + ''s-Gravenhage)
Official languages: Dutch (nl) .

Mainland:


NETHERLAND Kingdom of THE NETHERLANDS  (Amsterdam + The Hague)

12 Mainland Divisions:

DRENTHE Province of DRENTHE  (Assen)Local: Provincie DRENTHE (nl)  (Assen)
FLEVOLAND Province of FLEVOLAND  (Lelystad)Local: Provincie FLEVOLAND (nl)  (Lelystad)
FRISIA Province of FRISIA : Province of Friesland  (Leeuwarden)Local: Provincie FRIESLAND (nl) + Provinsje FRYSLÂN (fy)  (Ljouwert)
GRONINGEN Province of GRONINGEN  (Groningen)Local: Provincie GRONINGEN (nl)  (Groningen)
GUELDERS Province of GUELDERS  (Arnhem)Local: Provincie GELDERLAND (nl)  (Arnhem)
LIMBURG Province of LIMBURG  (Maastricht)Local: Provincie LIMBURG (nl)  (Maastricht)
NORTH BRABANT Province of NORTH BRABANT  (Den Bosch)Local: Provincie NOORD-BRABANT (nl)  (''s-Hertogenbosch)
NORTH HOLLAND Province of NORTH HOLLAND  (Haarlem)Local: Provincie NOORD-HOLLAND (nl)  (Haarlem)
OVERYSSEL Province of OVERYSSEL  (Zwolle)Local: Provincie OVERIJSSEL (nl)  (Zwolle)
SOUTH HOLLAND Province of SOUTH HOLLAND  (The Hague)Local: Provincie ZUID-HOLLAND (nl)  (''s-Gravenhage)
UTRECHT Province of UTRECHT  (Utrecht)Local: Provincie UTRECHT (nl)  (Utrecht)
ZEALAND Province of ZEALAND  (Middelburg)Local: Provincie ZEELAND (nl)  (Middelburg)






5 Governments in Exile

AHWAZ Democratic Solidarity Party of Al-Ahwaz for an Emirate of ARABISTAN  (Maastricht + London) (Faleh Abdullah Al-Mansouri)
COMMUNIST PHILIPPINES National Democratic Front of PHILIPPINES  (Utrecht) Jose Maria Sison
ENCLAVE OF CABINDA Cabinda Governments in Exile : Federal Republic of CABINDA  (Pointe Noire + Paris + Cabinda Rebel Zones) Commandant Antonio Luis Lopes
SOUTH MOLUCCAS Government in Exile of the Republic of SOUTH MOLUCCAS  (Rotterdam) President John Wattilete
TALYSHTAN TALYSH National Movement  (Amsterdam) Alikram Gumbatov




Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ARUBA Associated State of ARUBA  (Oranjestad)
CURACAO Country of CURACAO  (Willemstad)
NETHERLANDS Realm of THE NETHERLANDS  (Amsterdam + The Hague)
SAINT MARTIN Country of SAINT MARTIN  (Philipsburg)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ACTEUR United States Coast Guard Activities Europe : ACTEUR  (Schinnen)
ARUBA BASE United States Air Force Forward Operating Base of ARUBA  (Aruba Base)
BONAIRE BONAIRE Special Municipality of Netherlands : Public Body of Bonaire  (Kralendyk)
CARIBBEAN NETHERLANDS Special Municipalities of Bonaire Saint Eustatius and Saba : Public Bodies of THE CARIBBEAN NETHERLANDS  (Kralendyk + Oranjestad + The Bottom)
DUTCH WAR GRAVES DUTCH WAR GRAVES Foundation  (The Hague)
HATO United States Air Force Forward Operating Base of HATO  (Hato)
NATO BRUNSSUM Allied Joint Force Command BRUNSSUM  (Brunssum)
SABA SABA Special Municipality of Netherlands : Public Body of Saba  (The Bottom)
SAINT EUSTATIUS SAINT EUSTATIUS Special Municipality of Netherlands : Public Body of Saint Eustatius  (Oranjestad)
VOLKEL VOLKEL Air Base  (Volkel Air Base)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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