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1994-MAY-04

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International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC OrganisationUNO Observer

Flag or logo since 1975-01-01
Comité international de la Croix-Rouge : CICR (fr) + International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC (en) + Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja : CICR (es) + اللجنة الدولية للصليب الأحمر (ar)
Emblem or Symbol

President Cornelio Sommaruga (ch)
(since 1987-05-07)
Population:
Area:
Capital:Geneva(Genève)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Organization:


INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement : ICRM  (Geneva)






162 Members (excluding the associate or suspended members but including the countries represented on their behalf)   [The rulers are not necessarily the representatives in the organization. ] :

ANDORRA (Andorra The Old) Coprince Joan Marti Alanis
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Abu Dhabi + Al Karama) President Sheikh Zayed II bin Sultan Al Nahyan
AFGHANISTAN (Kabul) President Burhanuddin Rabbani
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Saint John''s) Queen Elizabeth II
ALBANIA (Tirana) President Sali Berisha
ANGOLA (Luanda) President Jose Eduardo dos Santos
ARGENTINE (Buenos Aires) President Carlos Menem
AUSTRIA (Vienna) President Thomas Klestil
AUSTRALIA (Canberra) Queen Elizabeth II
BARBADOS (Bridgetown) Queen Elizabeth II
BENGLADESH (Dhaka) President Abdur Rahman Biswas
BELGIUM (Brussels) King Albert II
BURKINA FASO (Ouagadougou) President Blaise Compaore
BULGARIA (Sofia) President Zhelyu Zhelev
BAHRAIN (Manamah) Emir Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifah
BURUNDI (Bujumbura) President Sylvestre Ntibantunganya
BENIN (Porto Novo + Cotonou) President Nicephore Soglo
BOLIVIA (Sucre + La Paz) President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada
BRAZIL (Brasilia) President Itamar Franco
BAHAMAS (Nassau) Queen Elizabeth II
BOTSWANA (Gaborone) President Quett Masire
BELIZE (Belmopan) Queen Elizabeth II
CANADA (Ottawa) Queen Elizabeth II
ZAIRE (Kinshasa) President Mobutu Sese Seko
CENTRAL-AFRICA (Bangui) President Ange-Felix Patasse
CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville) President Pascal Lissouba
SWITZERLAND (Berne + Lausanne) President Otto Stich
IVORY COAST (Yamoussoukro + Abidjan) President Henri Konan Bedie
CHILE (Santiago of Chile + Valparaiso) President Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
CAMEROON (Yaounde) President Paul Biya
CHINA (Beijing) Jiang Zemin
COLOMBIA (Santafe of Bogota) President Cesar Gaviria
COSTA RICA (San Jose) President Rafael Angel Calderon Fournier
CUBA (Havana) Supreme Leader Fidel Castro
CAPE VERDE (Praia) President Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro
CZECHIA (Prague + Brno) President Vaclav Havel
GERMANY (Berlin + Bonn + Karlsruhe) Bundespresident Richard von Weizsaecker
JIBUTI (Jibuti) President Hassan Gouled Aptidon
DENMARK (Copenhagen) Queen Margaret II
DOMINICA (Roseau) President Crispin Sorhaindo
DOMINICAN (Santo Domingo de Guzman) President Joaquin Balaguer
ALGERIA (Algiers) President Liamine Zeroual
ECUADOR (San Francisco of Quito) President Sixto Duran Ballen
ESTONIA (Tallinn + Tartu) President Lennart-Georg Meri
EGYPT (Cairo) President Hosni Mubarak
SPAIN (Madrid) King Juan Carlos I
ETHIOPIA (Addis Ababa) President Meles Zenawi
FINLAND (Helsinki + Kultaranta) President Martti Ahtisaari
FIJI (Suva) President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara
FRANCE (Paris) President Francois Mitterrand
GRENADA (Saint George''s) Queen Elizabeth II
GHANA (Accra) President Jerry Rawlings
GAMBIA (Banjul) President Sir Dawda Jawara
GUINEA (Conakry) President Lansana Conte
GREECE (Athens) President Constantine Karamanlis
GUATEMALA (Guatemala City) President Ramiro de Leon Carpio
GUINEA-BISSAU (Bissau) President Joao Bernardo Vieira
GUYANA (Georgetown) President Cheddi Jagan
HONDURAS (Tegucigalpa) President Carlos Roberto Reina
CROATIA (Zagreb) President Franjo Tudjman
HAITI (Port Au Prince) Raoul Cedras
HUNGARY (Budapest) President Arpad Goncz
INDONESIA (Jakarta) President Suharto
IRELAND (Dublin) President Mary Robinson
INDIA (New Delhi) President Shankar Dayal Sharma
IRAQ (Baghdad) President Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti
IRAN (Tehran) Leader Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammed Ali Khamenei
ICELAND (Reykjavik) President Vigdis Finnbogadottir
ITALY (Rome) President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
JAMAICA (Kingston) Queen Elizabeth II
JORDAN (Amman) King Hussein I
JAPAN (Tokyo) Emperor Akihito
KENYA (Nairobi) President Daniel Arap Moi
CAMBODIA (Phnom Penh) King Norodom Sihanouk
SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS (Basseterre) Queen Elizabeth II
NORTH KOREA (Pyongyang) Kim Il-Sung
SOUTH KOREA (Seoul) President Kim Young-Sam
KUWAIT (Kuwait City) Emir Sheikh Jabir III Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah
LAOS (Vientiane) Khamtai Siphandon
LEBANON (Beirut) President Elias Hrawi
SAINT LUCIA (Castries) Queen Elizabeth II
LIECHTENSTEIN (Vaduz) Prince Hans-Adam II
SRI LANKA (Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte + Colombo) President Dingiri Banda Wijetunge
LIBERIA (Monrovia) David Kpormakor
LESOTHO (Maseru) King Letsie III
LITHUANIA (Vilnius) President Algirdas-Mikolas Brazauskas
LUXEMBOURG (Luxembourg) Grand Duke Jean
LATVIA (Riga) President Guntis Ulmanis
LIBYA (Tripoli) Guide Muammar Gaddafi
MOROCCO (Rabat) King Hassan II
MONACO (Monaco) Prince Rainier III
MADAGASCAR (Tananarive) President Albert Zafy
MALI (Bamako) President Alpha Oumar Konare
MYANMAR (Yangon) Than Shwe
MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) President Punsalmaagiyn Ochirbat
MAURITANIA (Nouakchott) President Maaouya Ould Sid''Ahmed Taya
MALTA (Valletta) President Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
MAURITIUS (Port Louis) President Cassam Uteem
MALAWI (Lilongwe) President Hastings Banda
MEXICO (Mexico City) President Carlos Salinas de Gortari
MALAYSIA (Kuala Lumpur) Tuanku Jaafar ibni al-Marhum Yamtuan Abdul Rahman
MOZAMBIQUE (Maputo) President Joaquim Chissano
NAMIBIA (Windhoek) President Sam Nujoma
NIGER (Niamey) President Mahamane Ousmane
NIGERIA (Abuja) General Sani Abacha
NICARAGUA (Managua) President Violeta Chamorro
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam + The Hague) Queen Beatrix
NORWAY (Oslo) King Harald V
NEPAL (Kathmandu) Maharajah Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
NEW ZEALAND (Wellington) Queen Elizabeth II
PANAMA (Panama City) President Guillermo Endara Galimany
PERU (Lima + Cusco) President Alberto Fujimori
PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Port Moresby) Queen Elizabeth II
PHILIPPINES (Manila) President Fidel Ramos
PAKISTAN (Islamabad) President Farooq Ahmed Leghari
POLAND (Warsaw) President Lech Walesa
PORTUGAL (Lisbon) President Mario Soares
PARAGUAY (Assumption) President Juan Carlos Wasmosy
QATAR (Doha) Emir Sheikh Khalifah bin Hamad Al Thani
ROMANIA (Bucharest) President Ion Iliescu
RUSSIA (Moscow) President Boris Yeltsin
RWANDA (Kigali) Theodore Sindikubwabo
SAUDI ARABIA (Riyadh) King Fahd
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Honiara) Queen Elizabeth II
SEYCHELLES (Port Victoria) President France-Albert Rene
SUDAN (Khartoum) President Omar Al-Bashir
SWEDEN (Stockholm) King Charles XVI Gustav
SINGAPORE (Singapore) President Ong Teng Cheong
SLOVENIA (Ljubljana) President Milan Kucan
SLOVAKIA (Bratislava) President Michal Kovac
SIERRA LEONE (Freetown) Valentine Strasser-King
SAN MARINO (San Marino) Captains-Regent
SENEGAL (Dakar) President Abdou Diouf
SOMALIA (Mogadishu) President Ali Mahdi Muhammad
SURINAM (Paramaribo) President Ronald Venetiaan
SAINT THOMAS AND PRINCE (Saint Thomas) President Miguel Trovoada
SALVADOR (San Salvador) President Alfredo Felix Cristiani Burkard
SYRIA (Damascus) President Hafez Al-Assad
SWAZILAND (Mbabane + Lobamba) King Mswati III
CHAD (Ndjamena) President Idriss Deby
TOGO (Lome) President Gnassingbe Eyadema
THAILAND (Bangkok) King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej
TUNISIA (Tunis) President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
TONGA (Nukualofa) King Taufa''ahau Tupou IV
TURKEY (Ankara) President Suleyman Demirel
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Port-of-Spain) President Noor Hassanali
TANZANIA (Dar Es Salaam) President Ali Hassan Mwinyi
UKRAINE (Kiev) President Leonid Kravchuk
UGANDA (Kampala) President Yoweri Museveni
UNITED KINGDOM (London + Westminster) Queen Elizabeth II
AMERICA (Washington-District of Columbia) President Bill Clinton
URUGUAY (Montevideo) President Luis Alberto Lacalle
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (Kingstown) Queen Elizabeth II
VENEZUELA (Caracas) President Rafael Caldera
VIETNAM (Hanoi) Do Muoi
VANUATU (Port Vila) President Jean-Marie Leye
WESTERN SAMOA (Apia) Malietoa Tanumafili II
YEMEN (Sanaa) President Ali Abdullah Saleh
YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade) President Zoran Lilich
SOUTH AFRICA (Pretoria + Cape Town + Bloemfontein) State President Frederik Willem de Klerk
ZAMBIA (Lusaka) President Frederick Chiluba
ZIMBABWE (Harare) President Robert Mugabe



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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.