.. or a geo zone >>

PAN-AFRICA (New York City)  Exile Negro Peoples of the World : PAN AFRICA : Marcus Garvey
KENYA (Nairobi)  Colony and Protectorate of KENYA :
ITALIAN EASTERN AFRICA (Mogadishu)  De facto Semi-Independent Viceroyalty of ITALIAN EASTERN AFRICA : King Victor Emmanuel III
PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA (Lourenzo Marques)  Governorate-General of the PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA Colony :

Other Entities with similar names

(Rome + Addis Ababa) - (Mogadishu) -


Flag or logo since 1935-01-15
Vicereame dell''AFRICA ORIENTALE ITALIANA (it) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol

King Victor Emmanuel III
(ruler of ITALY since 1900-07-29)
Capital:Mogadishu - (Mogadiscio)
Official languages: Italian (it) .


ITALIAN EASTERN AFRICA Viceroyalty of ITALIAN EASTERN AFRICA : Viceroyalty of Ethiopia  (Mogadishu)

2 Mainland Divisions:

ITALIAN ERITREA Colony of ITALIAN ERITREA  (Massawa)Local: Colonia italiana dell''ERITREA (it)  (Massaua)
ITALIAN SOMALIA Colony of ITALIAN SOMALIA  (Mogadishu)Local: Colonia della SOMALIA ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)

Dependent Protectorates:

ADI KAIEH ADI KAIEH Residency  (Adi Kaieh)Local: Residenza di ADDI CAIEH (it)  (Addi Caieh)
ADI UGRI ADI UGRI Residency  (Adi Ugri)Local: Residenza di ADDI UGRI (it)  (Addi Ugri)
AFGOY AFGOY Residency  (Wanla Weyn)Local: Residenza di AFGOI (it)  (Uanlo Uen)
AFMADU AFMADU Residency  (Afmadu)Local: Residenza di AFMADÙ  (Afmadù)
AGORDAT AGORDAT Residency  (Agordat)Local: Residenza di AGORDAT (it)  (Agordat)
ALULA ALULA Residency  (Alula)Local: Residenza di ALULA (it)  (Alula)
ASMARA ASMARA Residency  (Asmara)Local: Residenza di ASMARA (it)  (Asmara)
ASSABA ASSABA Residency  (Assaba)Local: Residenza di ASSABA (it)  (Assaba)
AUDEGLE AUDEGLE Residency  (Audegle)Local: Residenza di AUDEGLE  (Audegle)
BAIDOA BAIDOA Residency  (Isha Baidoa)Local: Residenza di BAIDOA  (Iscia Baidoa)
BALAD BALAD Residency  (Balad)Local: Residenza di BALAD  (Balad)
BARDERA BARDERA Residency  (Bardera)Local: Residenza di BARDERA (it)  (Bardera)
BARENTU BARENTU Residency  (Barentu)Local: Residenza di BARENTÙ (it)  (Barentù)
BELEDWEYN BELEDWEYN Residency  (Beledweyn)Local: Residenza di BELET UEN  (Belet Uen)
BENDER KASSIM BENDER KASSIM Residency  (Bender Kassim)Local: Residenza di BENDER CASSIM  (Bender Cassim)
BRAVA BRAVA Residency  (Brava)Local: Residenza di BRAVA (it)  (Brava)
BULOBARDE BULOBARDE Residency  (Bulobarde)Local: Residenza di BULO BURTI  (Bulo Burti)
BURHAKABA BURHAKABA Residency  (Burhakaba)Local: Residenza di BUR ACABA  (Bur Acaba)
CANDALA CANDALA Residency  (Candala)Local: Residenza di CANDALA  (Candala)
DANTE DANTE Residency  (Dante)Local: Residenza di DANTE (it)  (Dante)
DECAMERE DECAMERE Residenty  (Decamere)Local: Residenza di DECAMERÈ (it)  (Decamerè)
DINSOR DINSOR Residency  (Dinsor)Local: Residenza di DINSOR  (Dinsor)
DUSA MARREB DUSA MARREB Residency  (Dusa Marreb)Local: Residenza di DUSA MAREB  (Dusa Mareb)
ELBUR EL BUR Residency  (Elbur)Local: Residenza di EL BUR  (El Bur)
ELDHER ELDHER Residency  (Eldher)Local: Residenza di EL DERE  (El Dere)
EYL EYL Residency  (Eyl)Local: Residenza di EIL  (Eil)
GAROWE GAROWE Residency  (Garowe)Local: Residenza di GAROE  (Garoe)
GELIB GELIB Residency  (Jilib)Local: Residenza di GELIB  (Gelib)
ITALA ITALA Residency  (Itala)Local: Residenza di ATALA  (Itala)
KEREN KEREN Residency  (Keren)Local: Residenza di CHEREN (it)  (Cheren)
KISMAYO KISMAYO Residency  (Kismayo)Local: Residenza di CHISIMAIO (it)  (Chisimaio)
LUGH FERRANDI LUGH FERRANDI Residency  (Lugh Ferrandi)Local: Residenza di LUGH FERRANDI  (Lugh Ferrandi)
MARGHERITA MARGHERITA Residency  (Margherita)Local: Residenza di MARGHERITA  (Margherita)
MASSAWA MASSAWA Residency  (Massawa)Local: Residenza di MASSAUA (it)  (Massaua)
MERCA MERCA Residency  (Merca)Local: Residenza di MERCA (it)  (Merca)
MOGADISHU MOGADISHU Residency  (Mogadishu)Local: Residenza di MOGADISCIO  (Mogadiscio)
NAKFA NAKFA Residency  (Nakfa)Local: Residenza di NACFA (it)  (Nacfa)
OBBIA OBBIA Residency  (Obbia)Local: Residenza di OBBIA (it)  (Obbia)
ODDUR ODDUR Residency  (Oddur)Local: Residenza di ODDUR (it)  (Oddur)
ROCCA LITTORIO ROCCA LITTORIO Residency  (Rocca Littorio)Local: Residenza di ROCCA LITTORIO (it)  (Rocca Littorio)
TESSENEY TESSENEY Residency  (Tesseney)Local: Residenza di TESSENEI (it)  (Tessenei)
THIO THIO Residency  (Thio)Local: Residenza di THIÒ (it)  (Thiò)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

WERSINGELI British Protectorate of the Harti Sultanate of WERSINGELI  (Bender Gori)


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).

Any suggestion or correction is welcome and can be sent to .

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