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Kingdom of THIBET [under Sino-Nepalese Suzerainty]

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Bö : BOD : བོད་ (bo) + HSI-TSANG Wang-Kuo : 西藏王国 (zh) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Maharajah Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah Dev
(ruler of NEPAUL since 1900-01-01)

Queen Victoria
(ruler of UNITED KINGDOM since 1900-01-01)

Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso
(ruler of THIBET since 1900-01-01)

Emperor Kwang-Hsu Tsai-Tien
(ruler of CHINA since 1900-01-01)
Capital:Lhasa - (Lha-Sa)
Official languages: Tibetan (bo) . Chinese (zh) .


THIBET Kingdom of THIBET  (Lhasa)

3 Mainland Divisions:

KHAM KHAM Province  (Dartsedo)Local: KHAMS : ཁམས (bo)  (Dar-rtse-mdo)
KOKONOR KOKONOR Province  (Silung)Local: AMDO : ཨ༌མདོ (bo)  (Silung)
U-TSANG U-TSANG Province  (Lhasa)Local: DBUS-GTSANG : དབུས་གཙང (bo)  (Lha-Sa)

2 Condominiums:

BHOOTAN State of BHOOTAN [British Indian Protectorate of the Regency of Bhutan Tributary of Sino-Nepalese Thibet]  (Paro + Punakha + Thimbu)Local: State of BHOOTAN (en) + Druk Gyal-Khab : DRUK-YUL : འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ : འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ (dz)  (Paro + Punakha + Thimphu)
SIKKIM Kingdom of SIKKIM [British Protectorate under Tibetan influence]  (Gangtok)Local: Kingdom of SIKKIM (en) + SIKKIMA Rajya : सिक्किम राज्य (ne)  (Gangtok)

1 Organisation (or Grouping) of membership (selective)

CHOYON Treaty of the Teaching of the Tantric Tibetan Buddhism : CHO-YON  (Lhasa)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHINA Great Ching Empire : Great Manchu CHINESE Empire  (Peking)

Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIGUN AIGUN Russian Concession [Boxer Rebellion]  (Aigunov)
AMERICAN TIENTSIN British administered TIENTSIN American Concession Territory  (Tientsin American Concession)
AMOY ISLAND British Concession of AMOY ISLAND  (Siming)
BRITISH FOOCHOW British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH HANKOW British Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)
CANTON BAY CANTON BAY Leased Territory  (Chankiang)
CHAKHAR CHANGYUAN Special Region : Chakhar Eight Banners Territory  (Kalgan)
CHEFOO Settlement of CHEFOO  (Chefoo)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER  (Kharbin)
CHINKIANG British Concession at CHINKIANG  (Chinkiang)
FORMOSA ISLAND Dependency of FORMOSA  (Taihoku)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment in CHUNGKING  (Wangchiato)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the French Concession of SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)
FUKIEN FUKIEN Region [Japanese Sphere of Influence part of Minche Viceroyalty]  (Foochow)
GERMAN HANKOW German Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow German Concession)
GERMAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN German Concession  (German Tientsin Concession)
HAINAM ISLAND French Sphere of Influence on HAINAM ISLAND  (Hoi How)
HONGKONG British Crown Colony of HONGKONG  (City of Victoria)
HUKWANG Viceroyalty of HUKWANG  (Wuchang)
ILI Governorate-General of ILI  (Suidun)
INNER MANCHURIA Protectorate of MANCHURIA [Russian Sphere of Influence in Inner Manchuria]  (Aigunov)
JAPANESE AMOY Japanese Concession at AMOY  (Amoy)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)
JIRIM JIRIM League  (Tungliao)
JOSUTU Tumed JOSUTU League  (Chaoyang)
JUU UDA Kharchin JUU UDA League : Chihfeng League  (Chihfeng)
KHINGAN KHINGAN League  (Wangyehmiao)
KIAUCHAU German Leased Territory of KIAUCHAU  (Tsingtao)
KIUKIANG British Concession at KIUKIANG  (Kiukiang)
KOWLOON WALLED CITY Chinese Enclave of KOWLOON WALLED CITY  (Kowloon Walled City)
KULANGSU ISLAND International Concession of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)
KUMUL KUMUL Khanate : Vassal Principality of Kumul  (Khamil)
KWANGCHOW British Sphere of Influence in KWANGCHOW Prefecture  (Canton)
KWANTUNG Russian Leased Territory of the Province of KWANTUNG  (Dalny)
LIANGKIANG Viceroyalty of LIANGKIANG Province  (Soochow)
LIANGKWANG Viceroyalty of LIANGKWANG Province  (Canton)
LOWER YANGTZE British Sphere of Influence in LOWER YANGTZE  (Chinkiang)
MACAO MACAO Overseas Colony of Portugal  (Macao)
MANCHULI MANCHURIA Region  (Manchuria)
MATSU ISLANDS MATSU ISLANDS part of Lienkiang County  (Nankan)
MINCHE Viceroyalty of MIN-CHE : Province of Che-Kiang  (Hangchow)
NANKING INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT NANKING General Foreign Settlement  (Nanking International Settlement)
NEWCHWANG British Concession at NEWCHWANG  (Newchwang)
NINGPO Settlement of NINGPO  (Ningpo)
ORDOS ORDOS League  (Ordos)
PACKOI Foreign Settlements of PACKOI  (Packhoi)
PEICHIHLI Directly administered Territory of the Viceroyalty of Chihli Honan and Shantung : PEICHIHLI Province  (Paoting)
PEKING Directly administered Territory of PEKING  (Peking)
PEKING LEGATIONS PEKING LEGATION Quarter [Boxer Rebelion]  (Peking Legation Quarter)
QUEMOY ISLANDS QUEMOY ISLANDS part of Chinchew County  (Chinsheng)
RUSSIAN HANKOW Russian Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Russian Concession)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHENKAN Viceroyalty of SHENKAN Province  (Hsian-Foo)
SILINGOL SILINGOL League  (Silinhot)
SINKIANG Viceroyalty of SINKIANG Province  (Urumtsi)
SOUTHERN SHANTUNG German Sphere of Influence of SOUTHERN SHANTUNG  (Linyi)
SUIYUAN Military Territory of SUIYUAN  (Kweihua)
SZECHWAN Viceroyalty of SZECHWAN Province  (Chengtu)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
WUHU British Concession in WUHU  (Wuhu)
YUNKWEI Viceroyalty of YUNKWEI Province  (Yunnan-Fu)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.


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