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1940-MAR-30

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MONGOLIA (Ulan-Bator) SDN Observer MONGOLIAN People''s Republic : Dashiyn Damba
BURYAT-MONGOLIA (Ulan-Ude)  BURYAT-MONGOLIAN Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic :
AGA-BURYAT-MONGOLIA (Aginskoye)  AGIN-BURYAT-MONGOL National Okrug :
MENGKIANG (Kalgan) De facto Semi-Independent Mongolian Border Region Unified Autonomous Government : Inner Mongolia Federation : Autonomous Nation of MENGKIANG : Prince Teh Demchuk-Dongrup

Other Entities with similar names

JAPAN  CHINA-NANKING  MENGKIANG 
   
(Tokyo) - (Nanking) - (Kalgan) -

Mongolian Border Region Unified Autonomous Government : Inner Mongolia Federation : Autonomous Nation of MENGKIANG

Flag or logo since 1939-09-01*
MENG-CHIANG Lien-Ho Tze-Chih Cheng-Fu : 蒙疆聯合自治政府 (zh) + MŌKYŌ Rengō Jichi Seifu : 蒙古聯合自治政府 (ja) + MONGOLYN Nutgiin Negdsen Avtonomit Zasgiin Gazar : ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠯ (mn) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

Emperor Hirohito
(ruler of JAPAN since 1926-12-25)

Wang Ching-Wei
(ruler of CHINA-NANKING since 1940-03-30)

Prince Teh Demchuk-Dongrup
(ruler of MENGKIANG since 1935-12-22)
Capital:Kalgan - (Wan-Ch''üan)
Official languages: Japanese (ja) . Mongolian (mn) . Chinese (zh) .

Mainland:


MENGKIANG MENGKIANG United Autonomous Government  (Kalgan)

9 Federated Mainland Divisions:

BAYAN-TALA BAYANTALA League  (Linho)Local: PA-YEN-T''A-LA Meng  (Lin-Ho)
CHAHAR CHAHAR Province  (Changpeh)Local: CHA-HA''ERH Sheng  (Tchang-Pei)
CHANAN Autonomous SOUTH CHAHAR Province : Chanan Province  (Kalgan)Local: CHA-NAN Sheng : 察南盛 (zh) + QAHAR Muj : ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ (mn)  (Wan-Ch''üan)
HUHEHOT Special Municipality of HUHEHOT  (Huhehot)Local: HU-HE-HAO-TE Shih  (Hu-He-Hao-Te)
ORDOS ORDOS League : Yikochao Autonomous Banner  (Ordos)Local: YI-K''O-CHAO Meng : 伊克昭盟 (zh) + YEKE JUU Ayimay : ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠵᠤᠤᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ (mn)  (Eh-Erh-To-Ssü)
PAOTOW PAOTOW Special Municipality  (Paotow)Local: PAO-T''OU Shih : 包頭市 (zh) + BUYUTU Qota : ᠪᠤᠭᠤᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ (mn)  (Pao-T''ou)
SILINGOL SILINGOL League  (Silinhot)Local: SILI-YIN YOUL Ayimay : ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ (mn) + HSI-LIN KUO-LE Meng : 锡林郭勒盟 (zh) + SHIRINGORU : シリンゴル (ja)  (Shili-Yin Hota)
TSINPEI North Shansi Government : TSINPEI  (Ta-T''ung)Local: TSIN-PEI T''e Tzu-Chih Cheng-Fu : 晋北自治政府 (zh) + UMARD SHANISI Avtonomit Zasgiin Gazar : ᠤᠮᠠᠷᠠᠲᠤᠱᠠᠨᠢᠰᠢᠠᠦ᠋ᠲ᠋ᠣᠨᠣᠮᠢ ᠳᠤᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠤᠨᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ (mn) + SUSUMU KITA Jichi Seifu : すすむ きた じち せいふ (ja)  (Ta-T''ung)
ULANCHAB ULANCHAB League  (Wulanhua)Local: ULAAN CHAB Ayimay : ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪ (mn) + WU-LAN-CH''A-PU Meng : 烏蘭察布蒙 (zh)  (Wu-Lan-Hua)






1 Organisation (or Grouping) of membership (selective)


VAJRAYANA BUDDHISM Teaching of the Tantric Tibetan Buddhism : VAJRARANA Buddhism  (Lhasa)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

CHINA National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Kuomintang Government  (Chungking)
CHINA-NANKING Reorganized National Government of the Republic of CHINA : Nanking Nationalist Government  (Nanking)
COMMUNIST CHINA Communist Party of CHINA : Chinese Red Army [in Second United Front Alliance with Kuomintang]  (Yenan)
MA Three Mas of the Northwest Sultanates : MA Clique  (Sining)
MANCHURIA Great Empire of Manchuria : MANCHUKUO  (Hsinking)
SINKIANG Pro-Soviet Warlordship of the Autonomous Province of SINKIANG  (Tihwa)
TIBET Kingdom of TIBET  (Lhasa)
YUNNAN Autonomous Warlordship of YUNNAN Province : Yunnan Clique  (Kunming)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AIGUN Soviet Union Concession of AIGUN  (Aigun)
AMERICAN TIENTSIN American Naval Base of TIENTSIN  (Tientsin American Base)
AMOY Enclave of AMOY Special Municipality  (Siming)
AMPHITHRITE AND DEPENDENCIES Agency of AMPHITHRITE AND DEPENDENCIES  (Woody Island)
BERI BERI State  (Beri)
BRITISH FOOCHOW British Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow British Concession)
BRITISH SHAMEEN Japanese Occupied British Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen)
BRITISH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN British Concession  (Tientsin British Concession)
CHANGSHA Japanese Concession at CHANGSHA  (Changsha Concession)
CHAOHSUN CHAOHSUN Administrative Circuit  (Chaoan)
CHEKIANG Province of CHEKIANG  (Wenchow)
CHINA EASTERN RAILWAY ZONE Manchu Administration of the China Eastern Railroad Zone : CER  (Kharbin)
CHIUNGYA Hainan Soviet Guerrilla : CHIUNGYA Soviet  (Chiungya)
CHUNGKING CHUNGKING Special Municipality  (Chungking)
CRESCENT AND DEPENDENCIES Agency of CRESCENT AND DEPENDENCIES  (Money Island)
DAIREN DAIREN Special Municipality  (Port Arthur)
DRANGO DRANGO State  (Hsintu)
FRENCH CHUNGKING French Marine Establishment of Odent in CHUNGKING  (Odent)
FRENCH HANKOW French Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow French Concession)
FRENCH SHAMEEN French Concession of SHAMEEN  (Shameen French Concession)
FRENCH SHANGHAI Municipal Council of the French Concession of SHANGHAI  (Shanghai French Concession)
FRENCH TIENTSIN TIENTSIN French Concession  (Tientsin French Concession)
FUKIEN Nationalist Province of FUKIEN  (Foochow)
GOLOK GOLOK Prefecture : Ngolok Tribal Region in Rebellion  (Machin)
HAINAN ISLAND Japanese Naval Administrative District of HAINAN ISLAND  (Sanya)
HANKOW HANKOW Special Municipality administered by Hupei  (Hankow)
HANKOW FIRST AREA HANKOW First Special Area  (Hankow)
HANKOW SECOND AREA HANKOW Second Special Area  (Kianghan)
HANKOW THIRD AREA HANKOW Third Special Area  (Kiaokow)
HONG KONG British Crown Colony of HONG KONG  (Victoria City)
HONGKEW Japanese District of HONGKEW  (Hongkew)
HORPA STATES Hor States : HORPA STATES  (Kangting)
HSIKING HSIKING Special Municipality  (Hsiking)
HSINKING HSINKING Special Municipality : New Capital  (Hsinking)
ITALIAN TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Italian Concession  (Tientsin Italian Concession)
JAPANESE FOOCHOW Japanese Concession at FOOCHOW  (Foochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANGCHOW Japanese Concession in HANGCHOW  (Hangchow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE HANKOW Japanese Concession at HANKOW  (Hankow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE KHARBIN Japanese Concession of KHARBIN  (Kharbin Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE SOOCHOW Japanese Concession at SOOCHOW  (Soochow Japanese Concession)
JAPANESE TIENTSIN TIENTSIN Japanese Concession  (Amatsu)
JIRIM JIRIM League  (Tungliao)
JOSUTU Tumed JOSUTU League  (Chaoyang)
JUU UDA JUU UDA League  (Chihfeng)
KANSU KANSU Province  (Lanchow)
KHANGSAR KHANGSAR State  (Khangsar)
KHARBIN KHARBIN Special Municipality  (Kharbin)
KHINGAN KHINGAN League  (Wangyehmiao)
KULANGSU ISLAND International Settlement of KULANGSU ISLAND  (Kulangsu)
KWANGCHOW Japanese Occupied Province of Kwangtung : KWANGCHOW Special Municipality  (Canton)
KWANGCHOWAN Leased Territory of KWANGCHOWAN  (Fort Bayard)
KWANGTUNG Nationalist KWANGTUNG Province  (Kukong + Meikiang)
KWANTUNG KWANTUNG Leased Territory  (Port Arthur)
LAPA AND MONTANHA Portuguese Occupied Islands of LAPA AND MONTANHA  (Montanha)
MACAO MACAO Overseas Colony of Portugal  (Macao)
MAZUR MAZUR State  (Mazur)
MUKDEN MUKDEN Special Municipality : Shenyang  (Mukden)
NANKING NANKING Special Municipality  (Nanking)
NATIONALIST HUPEH Nationalist Province of HUPEH  (Enshi)
NINGSIA NINGSIA Province  (Yinchuan)
NORTH CHINA NORTH CHINA Political Affairs Commission  (Peking)
PEKING LEGATION QUARTER Chinese Controlled Joint Administrative Commission of the Diplomatic Quarter : PEKING LEGATION QUARTER  (Peking Legation Quarter)
PRATAS ISLANDS Japanese Naval Station of PRATAS ISLANDS  (Tungsha)
QUEMOY ISLANDS Japanese Occupied QUEMOY ISLANDS  (Chinsheng)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)
SHANSI Autonomous Warlordship of SHANSI Province : Shansi Clique [Japanese Occupation]  (Taiyuan-Yangchu)
SHENSI Nationalist SHENSI Province  (Paoki)
SIKANG SIKANG Province  (Kangting)
SWATOW Japanese Occupied SWATOW Region  (Swatow)
SZECHWAN Nationalist Province of SZECHWAN  (Chengtu)
TACHEN ISLANDS TACHEN ISLANDS Archipelago  (Tachen)
TAIWAN Government-General of TAIWAN : Colonial Government of Formosa part of Japan Empire  (Taihoku)
TEHUNG TEHUNG Region  (Kanfang)
TIENTSIN Japanese Occupied TIENTSIN Special Municipality  (Tientsin)
TREHOR TREHOR State  (Kangting)
TSIHSI Japanese Colony of TSIHSI  (Tsikuan)
TSINGHAI Sultanate of TSINGHAI Province  (Sining)
TSINGTAO Japanese Occupied TSINGTAO Special Municipality  (Tsingtao)
WEIHAIWEI Japanese Occupied WEIHAIWEI Special Administrative Region  (Weihaiwei)
YUYANG YUYANG Special District : Eighth Administrative Region of Szechwan  (Yuyang)
ethnia.org
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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