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2021-JAN-13

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Polity Timeline


EUROPEAN UNION




































































Flag or logo changes:

1900-01-01:

Permanent International League of Peace : LEAGUE OF PEACE  (Geneva)   -   LEAGUE OF PEACE

1921-07-25:

Belgo-Luxemburgian Economic Union : BLEU  (Brussels + Luxemburg)   -   BELGIUM-LUXEMBURG

1944-09-05:

BENELUX Customs Union  (Brussels)   -   BENELUX

1950-05-09:

European Common Market : ECM  (Paris)   -   EUROPA

1951-04-18:

European Coal and Steel Community : ECSC  (Paris)   -   EUROPA

1955-12-08:

COMMON ASSEMBLY of the European Coal and Steel Community  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

1974-10-11:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

1985-06-29:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

1986-05-26:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA



































Emblem or Symbol changes:

1900-01-01:

Permanent International League of Peace : LEAGUE OF PEACE  (Geneva)   -   LEAGUE OF PEACE

1921-07-25:

Belgo-Luxemburgian Economic Union : BLEU  (Brussels + Luxemburg)   -   BELGIUM-LUXEMBURG

1944-09-05:

BENELUX Customs Union  (Brussels)   -   BENELUX

1950-05-09:

European Common Market : ECM  (Paris)   -   EUROPA

1951-04-18:

European Coal and Steel Community : ECSC  (Paris)   -   EUROPA

1955-12-08:

COMMON ASSEMBLY of the European Coal and Steel Community  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

1974-10-11:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

1985-06-29:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

1986-01-01:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

1986-05-26:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPA

2007-01-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPEAN UNION

2012-01-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPEAN UNION

2013-01-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPEAN UNION

2013-07-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -   EUROPEAN UNION




































Sovereignty changes:

1900-01-01:

SWITZERLAND

1921-07-25:

BELGIUM +

LUXEMBURG +

1944-09-05:

BELGIUM +

LUXEMBURG IN EXILE +

NETHERLANDS IN EXILE +

1950-05-09:

BELGIUM +

WEST GERMANY +

FRENCH UNION +

ITALY +

LUXEMBOURG +

NETHERLANDS +

1973-01-01:

BELGIUM +

WEST GERMANY +

DENMARK +

FRANCE +

IRELAND +

ITALY +

LUXEMBOURG +

NETHERLANDS +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1981-01-01:

BELGIUM +

WEST GERMANY +

DENMARK +

FRANCE +

GREECE +

IRELAND +

ITALY +

LUXEMBOURG +

NETHERLANDS +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1986-01-01:

BELGIUM +

WEST GERMANY +

DENMARK +

SPAIN +

FRANCE +

GREECE +

IRELAND +

ITALY +

LUXEMBOURG +

NETHERLANDS +

PORTUGAL +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1993-11-01:

EUROPEAN UNION





































Capital Local Name changes:


1900-01-01:

  Genève

1921-07-25:

  Bruxelles + Luxemburg

1940-05-10:

  Brüssel + Luxemburg

1944-09-03:

  Bruxelles + Luxemburg

1944-09-05:

  Bruxelles

1950-05-09:

  Paris

1952-09-10:

  Bruxelles + Luxembourg + Strasbourg





































Local Name of Country changes:


1900-01-01:

  LIGUE-DE-LA-PAIX

1921-07-25:

  BELGIQUE-LUXEMBOURG

1944-09-05:

  BENELUX

1950-05-09:

  EUROPA





































Status changes:


1900-01-01:

Permanent International League of Peace : LEAGUE OF PEACE

1921-07-25:

Belgo-Luxemburgian Economic Union : BLEU

1944-09-05:

BENELUX Customs Union

1948-03-17:

BENELUX Economic Union

1950-05-09:

European Common Market : ECM

1951-04-18:

European Coal and Steel Community : ECSC

1952-09-10:

COMMON ASSEMBLY of the European Coal and Steel Community

1957-03-25:

European Economic Community : EEC

1967-07-01:

European Communities : EC

1981-01-01:

European Community : EC

1993-11-01:

European Union : EU





































Ruler changes:

1952-01-01:

European Coal and Steel Community : ECSC  (Paris)   -    Paul-Henri Spaak (be)
         (Paul-Henri Charles Spaak (be))

1957-03-25:

European Economic Community : EEC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Paul-Henri Spaak (be)
         (Paul-Henri Charles Spaak (be))

1958-01-31:

European Economic Community : EEC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Walter Hallstein (de)
         (Walter Hallstein (de))

1967-07-01:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Jean Rey (be)
         (Jean Max Georges Rey (be))

1970-07-02:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Franco Maria Malfatti (it)
         (Franco Maria Malfatti (it))

1972-03-22:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Sicco Mansholt (nl)
         (Sicco Leendert Mansholt (nl))

1973-01-09:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Francois-Xavier Ortoli (fr)
         (François-Xavier Ortoli (fr))

1977-01-06:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Georges Spenale (fr)
         (Georges Spénale (fr))

1977-01-11:

European Communities : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Roy Jenkins (uk)
         (Roy Harris Jenkins (uk))

1981-01-06:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Simone Veil (fr)
         (Simone Veil (fr))

1981-01-12:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Gaston Thorn (lu)
         (Gaston Thorn (lu))

1985-01-05:

European Community : EC  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Jacques Delors (fr)
         (Jacques Lucien Jean Delors (fr))

1993-11-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Jacques Delors
         (Jacques Lucien Jean Delors)

1995-01-06:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Klaus Haensch
         (Klaus Hänsch)

1995-01-24:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Jacques Santer
         (Jacques Santer)

1999-07-14:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Manuel Marin
         (Manuel Marín)

1999-09-15:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Romano Prodi
         (Romano Prodi)

2004-11-22:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    Jose Manuel Barroso
         (José Manuel Durão Barroso)

2009-12-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    President Herman Van Rompuy
         (Président Herman Van Rompuy)

2014-12-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    President Donald Tusk
         (Président Donald Franciszek Tusk)

2019-12-01:

European Union : EU  (Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg)   -    President Charles Michel
         (Président Charles Yves Jean Ghislaine Michel)





































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