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2019-DEC-03

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Polity Timeline




































Flag changes:

1900-01-01:

Directly administered Territory of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1911-10-10:

CHINESE Revolutionary Alliance in rebellion  (Wuchang)   -   CHINESE ALLIANCE

1911-12-11:

Central Military Government of the Republic of CHINA : United Provinces of China  (Wuchang + Shanghai)   -   CHINESE ALLIANCE

1912-02-12:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Nanking)   -   CHINA

1915-12-22:

Empire of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1916-01-01:

Empire of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1916-03-01:

Empire of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1916-03-22:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1917-07-01:

KINGCHAO Region  (Peking)   -   KINGCHAO

1917-07-12:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1928-10-09:

Military Government of GREATER MANCHURIA : Fengtien Clique  (Mukden)   -   GREATER MANCHURIA

1928-12-29:

Municipality of PEIPING  (Peiping)   -   PEIPING

1937-07-29:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEIPING  (Peiping)   -   PEIPING

1937-12-14:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1943-03-01:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1945-09-09:

Municipality of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1949-01-23:

Communist Controlled Municipality of PEIPING  (Peiping)   -   PEIPING

1949-10-01:

PEKING Special Municipality  (Peking)   -   PEKING



































Arms changes:

1900-01-01:

Directly administered Territory of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1911-10-10:

CHINESE Revolutionary Alliance in rebellion  (Wuchang)   -   CHINESE ALLIANCE

1912-01-01:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Nanking)   -   CHINA

1912-03-10:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Nanking)   -   CHINA

1913-02-01:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1915-12-22:

Empire of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1916-03-22:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1917-07-01:

KINGCHAO Region  (Peking)   -   KINGCHAO

1917-07-12:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1927-09-26:

Military Government of the Republic of CHINA : Fengtien Clique  (Peking)   -   CHINA

1928-10-09:

Military Government of GREATER MANCHURIA : Fengtien Clique  (Mukden)   -   GREATER MANCHURIA

1928-12-29:

Municipality of PEIPING  (Peiping)   -   PEIPING

1937-07-29:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEIPING  (Peiping)   -   PEIPING

1937-12-14:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1941-02-24:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1945-09-09:

Municipality of PEKING  (Peking)   -   PEKING

1949-01-23:

Communist Controlled Municipality of PEIPING  (Peiping)   -   PEIPING

1950-09-20:

PEKING Special Municipality  (Peking)   -   PEKING




































Sovereignty changes:

1900-01-01:

CHINA

1901-08-21:

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY +

GERMANY +

EIGHT NATIONS +

FRANCE +

ITALY +

JAPAN +

RUSSIA +

UNITED KINGDOM +

AMERICA +

1901-09-07:

CHINA

1911-10-10:

CHINESE ALLIANCE

1917-07-01:

CHINA

1917-07-12:

CHINA

1928-12-29:

CHINA

1930-09-01:

CHINA-PEIPING

1930-10-31:

CHINA

1937-07-29:

JAPAN

1937-12-14:

JAPAN +

CHINA-PEKING +

1940-03-30:

JAPAN +

CHINA-NANKING +

1945-08-10:

JAPAN

1945-09-09:

CHINA

1949-01-23:

NORTH CHINA





































Capital Local Name changes:


1900-01-01:

  Pei-Ching

1911-10-10:

  Wu-Ch''ang

1911-11-30:

  Wu-Ch''ang + Shang-Hai

1912-01-01:

  Nan-Ching

1912-04-02:

  Pei-Ching

1926-04-20:

  Shang-Hai

1927-06-18:

  Pei-Ching

1928-05-30:

  Feng-T''ien-Fu

1928-12-29:

  Pei-Ping

1937-12-14:

  Pei-Ching

1945-10-10:

  Pei-Ping

1949-10-01:

  Pei-Ching

1982-12-04:

  Beijing





































Local Name of Country changes:


1900-01-01:

  PEI-CHING

1911-10-10:

  T''UNG-MENG HUI

1911-11-04:

  CHUNG-KUO

1917-07-01:

  CHING-CHAO

1917-07-12:

  CHUNG-KUO

1928-06-07:

  CHUNG-KUO-FENG-T''IEN

1928-10-09:

  TA MAN-CHU-KUO

1928-12-29:

  PEI-PING

1937-12-14:

  PEI-CHING

1945-10-10:

  PEI-PING

1949-10-01:

  PEI-CHING

1982-12-04:

  BEIJING





































Status changes:


1900-01-01:

Directly administered Territory of PEKING

1901-08-21:

Eight Powers Occupied Territory of PEKING

1901-09-07:

Directly administered Territory of PEKING

1911-10-10:

CHINESE Revolutionary Alliance in rebellion

1911-11-04:

Military Government of the Republic of CHINA

1911-11-05:

Military Government of the Republic of CHINA : Great Han Federal Democratic Republic

1911-11-30:

Central Military Government of the Republic of CHINA : United Provinces of China

1912-01-01:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government

1915-12-22:

Empire of CHINA : Peiyang Government

1916-03-22:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government

1917-07-01:

KINGCHAO Region

1917-07-12:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government

1917-07-17:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique

1918-10-10:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government

1922-06-02:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique

1924-11-24:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government

1926-04-20:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique

1927-06-18:

Military Government of the Republic of CHINA : Fengtien Clique

1928-06-03:

Warlordship of the Republic of CHINA : Fengtien Clique

1928-06-07:

Military Government of CHINA : Fengtien Clique

1928-10-09:

Military Government of GREATER MANCHURIA : Fengtien Clique

1928-12-29:

Municipality of PEIPING

1937-07-29:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEIPING

1937-12-14:

Japan Occupied Municipality of PEKING

1945-08-15:

Municipality of PEKING

1945-10-10:

Municipality of PEIPING

1949-01-23:

Communist Controlled Municipality of PEIPING

1949-01-31:

Communist Municipality of PEIPING

1949-10-01:

PEKING Special Municipality

1982-12-04:

BEIJING Special Municipality





































Ruler changes:

1911-10-10:

CHINESE Revolutionary Alliance in rebellion  (Wuchang)   -    General Li Yuan-Hung
         (Li Yüan-Hung)

1912-01-01:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Nanking)   -    Sun Yat-Sen
         (Sun Yat-Sen)

1912-03-10:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Nanking)   -    Yuan Shih-Kai
         (Yüan Shih-K''ai)

1913-10-10:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -    President Yuan Shih-Kai
         (Yüan Shih-K''ai)

1915-12-22:

Empire of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -    Emperor Yuan Shih-Kai
         (Yüan Shih-K''ai - Nianhao Hung Hsien)

1916-03-22:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -    President Yuan Shih-Kai
         (Yüan Shih-K''ai)

1916-06-07:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -    President Li Yuan-Hung
         (Li Yuan-Hung)

1917-07-01:

KINGCHAO Region  (Peking)   -   
         ()

1917-07-12:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -    President Li Yuan-Hung
         (Li Yuan-Hung)

1917-07-17:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Peking)   -    President Feng Kuo-Chang
         (Feng Kuo-Chang)

1918-10-10:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -    President Hsu Shih-Chang
         (Hsü Shih-Ch''ang)

1922-06-02:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Peking)   -    Chao Tzu-Chi
         (Chao Tzu-Ch''i)

1922-06-11:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Peking)   -    President Li Yuan-Hung
         (Li Yuan-Hung)

1923-06-13:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Peking)   -    Chang Shao-Tseng
         (Chang Shao-Ts''eng)

1923-09-09:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Peking)   -    Kao Ling-Wei
         (Kao Ling-Wei)

1923-10-10:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Peking)   -    President Tsao Kun
         (T''sao K''un)

1924-11-02:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Peking)   -    Huang Fu
         (Huang Fu)

1924-11-24:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government  (Peking)   -    Tuan Chi-Jui
         (Tuan Ch''i-Jui)

1926-04-20:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Shanghai)   -    Hu Wei-Te
         (Hu Wei-Te)

1926-05-13:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Shanghai)   -    Yen Hui-Ching
         (Yen Hui-Ching)

1926-06-22:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Shanghai)   -    Tu Hsi-Kuei
         (Tu Hsi-Kuei)

1926-10-01:

Republic of CHINA : Peiyang Government of the Chihli Clique  (Shanghai)   -    Vi Kyuin Wellington Koo
         (Ku Wei-Chün)

1927-06-18:

Military Government of the Republic of CHINA : Fengtien Clique  (Peking)   -    Generalissimo Chang Tso-Lin
         (Chang Tso-Lin)

1928-06-03:

Warlordship of the Republic of CHINA : Fengtien Clique  (Mukden)   -    Chang Tso-Lin
         (Chang Tso-Lin)

1928-06-04:

Warlordship of the Republic of CHINA : Fengtien Clique  (Mukden)   -    Chang Hsueh-Liang
         (Chang Hsüeh-Liang)

1928-12-29:

Municipality of PEIPING  (Peiping)   -   
         ()






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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.