Northern Chad Timeline - ethnia.org -
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2024-MAY-05


Polity Timeline

NORTHERN CHAD



































































Flag or logo changes:

1900-01-01:

Senussi Territory of PHAZANIA-TCHAD [Tubu Confederation of Goranes]  (Faya)   -   PHAZANIA-CHAD

1914-05-22:

BORKU-ENNEDI Circumscription  (Faya)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI

1941-06-05:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Department  (Largeau)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1944-08-25:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Department  (Largeau)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1959-11-06:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture  (Largeau)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1965-09-07:

Liberation Front of CHAD  (Nyala)   -   FREE CHAD

1966-06-22:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Nyala)   -   FREE CHAD

1982-06-07:

Transitional Government of National Union : GUNT  (Shari River z)   -   GUNT

1989-01-02:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Algiers x)   -   CHAD-IN-EXILE

1993-01-14:

BORKU Subprefecture  (Faya-Largeau)   -   BORKU

2005-09-25:

Rally for Democracy and Liberty : RDL  (Modoyna)   -   CHADIAN ALLIANCE

2009-01-24:

Union of Resistance Forces : URF  (Hajer Marfain)   -   NORTHERN CHAD



































Emblem or Symbol changes:

1900-01-01:

Senussi Territory of PHAZANIA-TCHAD [Tubu Confederation of Goranes]  (Faya)   -   PHAZANIA-CHAD

1914-05-22:

BORKU-ENNEDI Circumscription  (Faya)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI

1934-11-15:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Department  (Largeau)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1965-01-23:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture  (Faya-Largeau)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1965-09-07:

Liberation Front of CHAD  (Nyala)   -   FREE CHAD

1966-06-22:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Nyala)   -   FREE CHAD

1979-03-23:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture  (Faya-Largeau)   -   BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1982-06-07:

Transitional Government of National Union : GUNT  (Shari River z)   -   GUNT

1989-01-02:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Algiers x)   -   CHAD-IN-EXILE

1993-01-14:

BORKU Subprefecture  (Faya-Largeau)   -   BORKU

2005-09-25:

Rally for Democracy and Liberty : RDL  (Modoyna)   -   CHADIAN ALLIANCE

2009-01-24:

Union of Resistance Forces : URF  (Hajer Marfain)   -   NORTHERN CHAD

2021-04-11:

Front for Change and Concord in Chad : FCCC  (Doulaki)   -   NORTHERN CHAD




































Sovereignty changes:

1900-01-01:

KANEM-BORNU

1900-05-29:

EGYPT +

SENUSSIA +

OTTOMAN TURKEY +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1912-08-01:

SENUSSIA +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1913-11-27:

FRANCE

1940-06-22:

FRANCE +

1940-08-26:

FREE FRANCE +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1940-08-28:

FREE FRANCE

1958-11-28:

FRANCE +

CHAD +

FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA +

1959-05-01:

FRANCE +

CHAD +

1965-01-23:

CHAD

1965-09-07:

FREE CHAD +

SUDAN +

1968-02-11:

LIBYA +

FREE CHAD +

SUDAN +

1969-12-31:

LIBYA +

FREE CHAD +

1973-01-01:

ALGERIA +

LIBYA +

FREE CHAD +

1976-01-01:

LIBYA +

FREE CHAD +

1979-03-23:

LIBYA +

CHAD +

1980-12-15:

LIBYA

1981-01-06:

SAHEL STATES +

LIBYA +

1981-11-03:

LIBYA

1981-11-16:

AFRICAN UNITY +

CHAD +

1982-06-07:

CAMEROON +

GUNT +

1982-10-28:

LIBYA +

CHAD-IN-EXILE +

1983-06-24:

LIBYA-CHAD +

NORTHERN CHAD +

1984-09-17:

LIBYA +

NORTHERN CHAD +

1987-02-01:

ALGERIA +

LIBYA +

NORTHERN CHAD +

1987-09-11:

ALGERIA +

CHAD-IN-EXILE +

1993-01-14:

FRANCE +

CHAD +

2005-09-25:

CHADIAN ALLIANCE +

SUDAN +

2010-01-15:

QATAR +

NORTHERN CHAD +

2013-01-01:

LIBYA +

QATAR +

NORTHERN CHAD +

2019-04-09:

QATAR +

NORTHERN CHAD +

2021-04-11:

LIBYA-TOBRUK +

NORTHERN CHAD +





































Capital Local Name changes:


1900-01-01:

  Faya

1916-04-12:

  Largeau

1960-08-11:

  Faya-Largeau

1965-09-07:

  Nyala

1969-12-31:

  Tarābulus

1973-01-01:

  Al-Djazaïr

1976-01-01:

  Tarābulus

1978-02-17:

  Faya

1978-09-21:

  Faya + Tarābulus

1979-03-23:

  Faya

1981-11-16:

  Faya-Largeau

1982-06-07:

  Fleuve Chari

1982-10-28:

  Tarābulus

1983-06-24:

  Bardaï

1984-09-17:

  Bardaï + (Tarābulus)

1987-02-01:

  Bardaï + Al-Djazaïr

1987-09-11:

  Al-Djazaïr

1993-01-14:

  Faya-Largeau

1994-01-01:

  N´Djaména

2005-09-25:

  Modoyna

2005-12-18:

  Tchad Oriental

2009-01-24:

  Hadjer Marfain

2010-01-15:

  Ad-Dawhah + (Hadjer Marfain)

2013-01-01:

  Ad-Dawhah + Janub Libiya

2019-02-03:

  Ad-Dawhah + Shamal Tashad

2019-04-09:

  Ad-Dawhah

2021-04-11:

  Doulaki

2021-05-09:

  Doulaki + Tanoua





































Local Name of Country changes:


1900-01-01:

  FAZANIYA-TSHAD

1913-11-27:

  BORKOU-ET-ENNEDI

1914-05-22:

  BORKOU-ENNEDI

1934-11-15:

  BORKOU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1965-09-07:

  TCHAD-EN-EXIL

1966-06-22:

  FROLINAT

1979-03-23:

  BORKOU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1980-12-15:

  SHAMAL TSHAD

1981-11-16:

  BORKOU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI

1982-06-07:

  GUNT

1982-10-28:

  TCHAD-EN-EXIL

1983-06-24:

  TCHAD-DU-NORD

1987-09-11:

  TCHAD-EN-EXIL

1989-01-02:

  FROLINAT

1993-01-14:

  BURKU

1994-01-01:

  ANR

2005-09-25:

  RDL

2005-12-18:

  TCHAD-ORIENTAL

2009-01-24:

  UFR

2021-04-11:

  FACT





































Status changes:


1900-01-01:

Senussi Territory of PHAZANIA-TCHAD [Tubu Confederation of Goranes]

1913-11-27:

Land and Protectorate of BORKU AND ENNEDI

1914-05-22:

BORKU-ENNEDI Circumscription

1934-11-15:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Department

1946-10-27:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Region

1958-10-04:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture

1960-08-11:

French administration of BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture

1964-03-01:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture [Chadian Occupation]

1965-01-23:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture

1965-09-07:

Liberation Front of CHAD

1966-06-22:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT

1979-03-23:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture

1980-12-15:

Lybian Occupied Territory of NORTHERN CHAD

1981-11-16:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture

1982-06-07:

Transitional Government of National Union : GUNT

1982-10-28:

Republic of CHAD [National Government for Peace]

1989-01-02:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT

1993-01-14:

BORKU Subprefecture

1994-01-01:

National Alliance of Resistance : NAR

2005-09-25:

Rally for Democracy and Liberty : RDL

2005-12-18:

CHADIAN Rebel Movements

2009-01-24:

Union of Resistance Forces : URF

2021-04-11:

Front for Change and Concord in Chad : FCCC





































Ruler changes:

1965-09-07:

Liberation Front of CHAD  (Nyala)   -    Ahmed Hassan Musa
         (Ahmat Hassan Moussa)

1966-06-22:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Nyala)   -    Ibrahim Abacha
         (Ibrahim Abatcha)

1968-02-11:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Nyala)   -    Abba Siddick
         (Abba Siddick)

1976-01-01:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Tripoli)   -    Mahamat Abba Said
         (Mahamat Abba Seïd)

1978-02-17:

National Liberation Front of Chad : FROLINAT  (Faya-Largeau)   -    Gukuni Wodei
         (Goukouni Weddeye)

1979-03-23:

BORKU-ENNEDI-TIBESTI Prefecture  (Faya-Largeau)   -   
         ()

1982-06-07:

Transitional Government of National Union : GUNT  (Shari River z)   -    Gukuni Wodei
         (Goukouni Weddeye)

1986-10-02:

Republic of CHAD [National Government for Peace]  (Bardai g + (Tripoli) x)   -    Acheikh ibn Oumar
         (Acheikh ibn Oumar)

1988-03-02:

Republic of CHAD [National Government for Peace]  (Algiers x)   -    Gukuni Wodei
         (Goukouni Weddeye)

1993-01-14:

BORKU Subprefecture  (Faya-Largeau)   -   
         ()

1994-01-01:

National Alliance of Resistance : NAR  (Ndjamena)   -    Mahamat Garfa
         (Mahamat Garfa)

2005-09-25:

Rally for Democracy and Liberty : RDL  (Modoyna)   -    Mahamat Nour Abdelkerim
         (Mahamat Nour Abdelkerim)

2009-01-24:

Union of Resistance Forces : URF  (Hajer Marfain)   -    Timan Erdimi
         (Timan Erdimi)

2021-04-11:

Front for Change and Concord in Chad : FCCC  (Doulaki)   -    Mahamat Mahdi Ali
         (Mahamat Mahdi Ali)





































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UPDATED ON: ~ 2024-MAY-05 ~ .