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2019-OCT-10

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Polity Timeline




































Flag changes:

1900-01-01:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1960-07-01:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1961-08-05:

CONGO National Liberation Committee in Exile  (Brazzaville)   -   CONGO-NATIONAL

1963-07-01:

CONGO National Liberation Committee in Exile  (Brazzaville)   -   CONGO-NATIONAL

1963-08-01:

CONGO National Liberation Committee : Mai-Mai Rebellion in Kwilu  (Brazzaville + Idiofa)   -   MAI-MAI

1965-06-01:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1971-11-21:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1997-05-17:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1998-08-05:

LENDU People  (Lendu Ituri)   -   LENDU

1999-05-16:

LENDU ITURI Armed Groups  (Lendu Ituri)   -   LENDU ITURI

2001-01-16:

LENDU ITURI Armed Groups  (Lendu Ituri)   -   LENDU ITURI

2003-04-24:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front : NIF  (Aru Town + Ariwara)   -   LENDU ITURI

2007-07-04:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front and Front for Patriotic Resistance in ITURI  ((Beni))   -   LENDU ITURI

2007-08-22:

National Congress for the Defense of the People : NCDP  (Bwiza)   -   MAI-MAI

2009-01-31:

National Congress for the Defense of the People : NCDP  (Rutshuru)   -   MAI-MAI

2012-05-06:

MARCH TWENTY-THREE Movement  (Rutshuru)   -   MAI-MAI

2013-11-05:

RUTSHURU Territory  (Rutshuru)   -   RUTSHURU

2016-07-21:

MAI-MAI Rebellions  (Virunga + Lubutu)   -   MAI-MAI



































Arms changes:

1900-01-01:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1959-02-01:

African Solidarity Party in rebellion for an Independent CONGO  (Kwango + Kwilu)   -   CONGO

1960-06-30:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1961-08-05:

CONGO National Liberation Committee in Exile  (Brazzaville)   -   CONGO-NATIONAL

1963-08-01:

CONGO National Liberation Committee : Mai-Mai Rebellion in Kwilu  (Brazzaville + Idiofa)   -   MAI-MAI

1965-06-01:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1971-11-21:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1997-05-17:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   IRUMU

1998-08-05:

LENDU People  (Lendu Ituri)   -   LENDU

2003-04-24:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front : NIF  (Aru Town + Ariwara)   -   LENDU ITURI

2007-07-04:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front and Front for Patriotic Resistance in ITURI  ((Beni))   -   LENDU ITURI

2007-08-22:

National Congress for the Defense of the People : NCDP  (Bwiza)   -   MAI-MAI

2009-01-31:

National Congress for the Defense of the People : NCDP  (Rutshuru)   -   MAI-MAI

2012-05-06:

MARCH TWENTY-THREE Movement  (Rutshuru)   -   MAI-MAI

2013-11-05:

RUTSHURU Territory  (Rutshuru)   -   RUTSHURU

2016-07-21:

MAI-MAI Rebellions  (Virunga + Lubutu)   -   MAI-MAI




































Sovereignty changes:

1900-01-01:

BELGIUM +

CONGO +

1908-11-15:

BELGIUM

1914-10-01:

BELGIUM IN EXILE +

FRANCE +

1918-11-17:

BELGIUM

1940-05-10:

FREE BELGIUM +

FRANCE +

1940-05-25:

FREE BELGIUM +

GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND +

UNITED KINGDOM +

1944-09-03:

BELGIUM +

UNITED KINGDOM +

AMERICA +

1944-09-20:

BELGIUM

1960-07-01:

CONGO-LEOPOLDVILLE

1960-07-05:

BELGIUM +

CONGO-LEOPOLDVILLE +

1960-07-14:

CONGO-LEOPOLDVILLE +

UNITED NATIONS +

1961-01-17:

EASTERN CONGO

1961-08-05:

CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE +

CONGO-NATIONAL +

1964-06-22:

EASTERN CONGO

1965-12-09:

CONGO-LEOPOLDVILLE

1997-05-17:

CONGO-ZAIRE +

RWANDA +

UGANDA +

1998-08-08:

RWANDA +

UGANDA +

EASTERN CONGO +

1999-06-01:

UGANDA +

CONGO-KISANGANI +

2001-01-16:

UGANDA

2003-04-24:

LENDU ITURI

2007-08-22:

RWANDA +

UGANDA +

MAI-MAI +

2013-11-05:

CONGO-KINSHASA +

UNITED NATIONS +

2016-07-21:

MAI-MAI





































Capital Local Name changes:


1900-01-01:

  Iroumou

1908-11-15:

  Irumu

1959-02-01:

  Kwango + Kwilu

1960-06-30:

  Irumu

1961-08-05:

  Brazzaville

1963-08-01:

  Brazzaville + Idiofa

1964-06-22:

  Idiofa

1965-06-01:

  Irumu

1998-08-05:

  Lendu Ituri

2003-03-01:

  Aru + Ariwara

2005-03-06:

  (Beni)

2007-08-22:

  Bwiza

2008-10-28:

  Rutshuru

2012-07-01:

  Bunagana + Rutshuru

2012-11-17:

  Bunagana + Rutshuru + Kibumba

2012-11-20:

  Goma

2012-11-30:

  Bunagana + Rutshuru + Kibumba + Sake

2013-10-09:

  Bunagana + Rutshuru + Kibumba

2013-10-26:

  Collines de Chanzu et Runyonyi

2013-11-05:

  Rutshuru

2016-07-21:

  Virunga + Lubutu





































Local Name of Country changes:


1900-01-01:

  IROUMOU

1908-11-15:

  IRUMU

1959-02-01:

  CONGO

1960-06-30:

  IRUMU

1961-08-05:

  CONGO-NATIONAL

1964-06-22:

  SIMBAS

1965-06-01:

  IRUMU

1998-08-05:

  BALENDUS

2007-08-22:

  MAYI-MAYI

2013-11-05:

  RUTSHURU

2016-07-21:

  MAÏ-MAÏ





































Status changes:


1900-01-01:

IRUMU Area

1959-02-01:

African Solidarity Party in rebellion for an Independent CONGO

1960-06-30:

IRUMU Area

1961-08-05:

CONGO National Liberation Committee in Exile

1963-08-01:

CONGO National Liberation Committee : Mai-Mai Rebellion in Kwilu

1964-01-18:

CONGO National Liberation Committee : Simba Mai-Mai Rebellion in Kwilu

1964-06-22:

Simba Mai-Mai Rebellion in KWILU

1965-06-01:

IRUMU Area

1998-08-05:

LENDU People

1999-05-16:

LENDU ITURI Armed Groups

2003-04-24:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front : NIF

2005-03-06:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front and Front for Patriotic Resistance in ITURI

2007-08-22:

National Congress for the Defense of the People : NCDP

2012-05-06:

MARCH TWENTY-THREE Movement

2013-11-05:

RUTSHURU Territory

2016-07-21:

MAI-MAI Rebellions





































Ruler changes:

1959-02-01:

African Solidarity Party in rebellion for an Independent CONGO  (Kwango + Kwilu)   -    Antoine Gizenga
         (Antoine Gizenga)

1960-06-30:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   
         ()

1961-08-05:

CONGO National Liberation Committee in Exile  (Brazzaville)   -    Pierre Mulele
         (Pierre Mulele)

1964-06-22:

Simba Mai-Mai Rebellion in KWILU  (Idiofa)   -    Pierre Mulele
         (Pierre Mulele)

1965-06-01:

IRUMU Area  (Irumu)   -   
         ()

1999-05-16:

LENDU ITURI Armed Groups  (Lendu Ituri)   -    Jerome Kakwavu
         (Jérôme Kakwavu)

2003-04-24:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front : NIF  (Aru Town + Ariwara)   -    Floribert Njabu
         (Floribert Ndjabu)

2005-02-25:

Nationalist and Integrationist Front : NIF  (Aru Town + Ariwara)   -    Peter Karim Udaga
         (Peter Karim Udaga)

2007-08-22:

National Congress for the Defense of the People : NCDP  (Bwiza)   -    Laurent Nkunda
         (Laurent Nkundabatware Mihigo)

2009-01-31:

National Congress for the Defense of the People : NCDP  (Rutshuru)   -    Bosco Ntaganda
         (Bosco Ntaganda)

2012-05-06:

MARCH TWENTY-THREE Movement  (Rutshuru)   -    Colonel Sultani Makenga
         (Colonel Sultani Makenga)

2012-08-17:

MARCH TWENTY-THREE Movement  (Bunagana + Rutshuru)   -    President Bishop Jean-Marie Runiga Lugerero
         (Président Pasteur Jean-Marie Runiga Lugerero)

2013-02-24:

MARCH TWENTY-THREE Movement  (Bunagana + Rutshuru + Kibumba + Sake)   -    General Makenga Sultani
         (Général Makenga Sultani)

2013-02-28:

MARCH TWENTY-THREE Movement  (Bunagana + Rutshuru + Kibumba + Sake)   -    President Makenga Sultani
         (Président Makenga Sultani)

2013-11-05:

RUTSHURU Territory  (Rutshuru)   -   
         ()

2016-07-21:

MAI-MAI Rebellions  (Virunga + Lubutu)   -    Mai-Mai Rebels
         (Rebelles Maï-Maï)






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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-AUG-06.