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2019-DEC-03

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Polity Timeline




































Flag changes:

1900-01-01:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1911-10-10:

Republic of UIGHURISTAN  (Kashgar)   -   UIGHURISTAN

1912-02-12:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1915-12-22:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1916-03-22:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1917-07-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1917-07-12:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1928-07-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1931-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region in rebellion  (Tashkurgan)   -   KASHGARIA

1933-01-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1933-03-16:

Independent Emirate of KHOTAN  (Kashgar)   -   KHOTAN

1933-11-12:

Turkish Islamic Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kashgar)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1934-06-02:

Autonomous Military Territory of Southern Sinkiang : NANKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   NANKIANG

1934-07-01:

Autonomous Military Region of Southern Sinkiang : TUNGANISTAN Kingdom  (Khotan)   -   TUNGANISTAN

1937-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1942-10-02:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1943-11-11:

People''s Republic of EASTERN TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -   EASTERN TURKESTAN

1944-09-11:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1944-11-12:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1946-06-16:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1949-08-27:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1949-10-12:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1949-10-20:

Province of SINKIANG under Communist Control  (Tihwa)   -   COMMUNIST SINKIANG

1952-03-01:

TURKESTAN Emigres in Exile : National Turkestanian Unity Committee  (Istanbul)   -   TURKESTAN

1961-01-01:

Association of Emigres of EASTERN TURKESTAN  (Istanbul)   -   EASTERN TURKESTAN

1991-02-11:

EAST TURKESTAN Movements in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia + Munich)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

2000-04-01:

EAST TURKESTAN Movements in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia + Munich)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

2004-04-29:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress  (Oakton)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

2011-12-19:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress  (Oakton)   -   EAST TURKESTAN



































Arms changes:

1900-01-01:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1911-10-10:

Republic of UIGHURISTAN  (Kashgar)   -   UIGHURISTAN

1912-02-12:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1928-07-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1931-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region in rebellion  (Tashkurgan)   -   KASHGARIA

1933-01-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1933-03-16:

Independent Emirate of KHOTAN  (Kashgar)   -   KHOTAN

1933-09-30:

EAST TURKESTAN Republic  (Khotan)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1933-11-12:

Turkish Islamic Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kashgar)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1934-06-02:

Autonomous Military Territory of Southern Sinkiang : NANKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   NANKIANG

1934-07-01:

Autonomous Military Region of Southern Sinkiang : TUNGANISTAN Kingdom  (Khotan)   -   TUNGANISTAN

1937-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1942-10-02:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1943-11-11:

People''s Republic of EASTERN TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -   EASTERN TURKESTAN

1944-09-11:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1944-11-12:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

1949-10-20:

Province of SINKIANG under Communist Control  (Tihwa)   -   COMMUNIST SINKIANG

1950-09-20:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   KASHGARIA

1952-03-01:

TURKESTAN Emigres in Exile : National Turkestanian Unity Committee  (Istanbul)   -   TURKESTAN

1961-01-01:

Association of Emigres of EASTERN TURKESTAN  (Istanbul)   -   EASTERN TURKESTAN

1991-02-11:

EAST TURKESTAN Movements in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia + Munich)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

2004-04-18:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress  (Oakton)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

2004-04-29:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress  (Oakton)   -   EAST TURKESTAN

2012-01-04:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress  (Oakton)   -   EAST TURKESTAN




































Sovereignty changes:

1900-01-01:

CHINA

1911-10-10:

CHINESE ALLIANCE +

UIGHURISTAN +

1912-02-12:

CHINA

1912-05-07:

SINKIANG +

CHINA +

1917-07-01:

CHINA

1917-07-12:

SINKIANG +

CHINA +

1928-07-01:

SINKIANG +

NATIONALIST CHINA +

1928-07-07:

SINKIANG +

CHINA +

1928-12-08:

SINKIANG +

CHINA +

1931-10-01:

SINKIANG +

SOVIET UNION +

CHINA +

1932-01-01:

CHINA +

UIGHURISTAN +

1933-01-01:

SINKIANG +

SOVIET UNION +

CHINA +

1933-03-16:

KHOTAN

1934-06-02:

SINKIANG +

SOVIET UNION +

1934-07-01:

MA +

CHINA +

TUNGANISTAN +

1937-09-01:

SINKIANG +

SOVIET UNION +

1943-01-16:

SINKIANG +

SOVIET UNION +

CHINA +

1943-11-11:

SOVIET UNION +

EASTERN TURKESTAN +

1944-09-11:

SINKIANG +

CHINA +

1944-11-12:

SOVIET UNION +

EAST TURKESTAN +

1949-10-20:

RED CHINA

1952-03-01:

TURKEY +

TURKESTAN +

1991-02-11:

GERMANY +

TURKEY +

AMERICA +

EAST TURKESTAN +

2004-04-18:

AMERICA +

EAST TURKESTAN +





































Capital Local Name changes:


1900-01-01:

  Ka-Shih

1911-10-10:

  Kashgar

1912-02-12:

  Ka-Shih

1931-09-01:

  T''a-Shi-Ku''er-Kan

1932-01-01:

  Kashgar

1933-01-01:

  Ka-Shih

1933-03-16:

  Xoten

1933-11-12:

  Kashgar

1934-02-07:

  Yarkant

1934-06-02:

  Ka-Shih

1934-07-01:

  Ho-T''ien

1937-09-01:

  Ka-Shih

1943-11-11:

  Ghulja

1944-09-11:

  Ka-Shih

1944-11-12:

  Ghulja

1949-10-20:

  Ti-Hua

1950-03-02:

  Ka-Shih

1952-03-01:

  İstanbul

1991-02-11:

  Washington-District of Columbia + München

2004-04-18:

  Oakton





































Local Name of Country changes:


1900-01-01:

  KA-SHIH

1911-10-10:

  SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN

1912-02-12:

  KA-SHIH

1912-05-07:

  NAN-FANG HSIN-CHIANG

1931-09-01:

  KA-SHIH

1932-01-01:

  SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN

1933-01-01:

  NAN-FANG HSIN-CHIANG

1933-03-16:

  XOTEN

1933-09-30:

  SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN

1934-06-02:

  NANCHIANG

1937-09-01:

  KA-SHIH

1943-11-11:

  SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN

1944-09-11:

  KA-SHIH

1944-11-12:

  SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN

1949-10-20:

  HSIN-CHIANG

1950-03-02:

  KA-SHIH

1952-03-01:

  MILLIJ TÜRKISTAN

1961-01-01:

  SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN





































Status changes:


1900-01-01:

KASHGARIA Region

1911-10-10:

Republic of UIGHURISTAN

1912-02-12:

KASHGARIA Region

1912-05-07:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1931-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region in rebellion

1932-01-01:

Region of UIGHURISTAN in rebellion

1932-09-01:

Republic of UIGHURISTAN

1933-01-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG

1933-03-16:

Independent Emirate of KHOTAN

1933-05-01:

KHOTAN Islamic Government

1933-09-30:

EAST TURKESTAN Republic

1933-11-12:

Turkish Islamic Republic of EAST TURKESTAN

1934-06-02:

Autonomous Military Territory of Southern Sinkiang : NANKIANG

1934-07-01:

Autonomous Military Region of Southern Sinkiang : TUNGANISTAN Kingdom

1937-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region

1943-11-11:

People''s Republic of EASTERN TURKESTAN

1944-09-11:

KASHGARIA Region

1944-11-12:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN

1949-10-20:

Province of SINKIANG under Communist Control

1950-03-02:

KASHGARIA Region

1952-03-01:

TURKESTAN Emigres in Exile : National Turkestanian Unity Committee

1961-01-01:

Association of Emigres of EASTERN TURKESTAN

1991-02-11:

EAST TURKESTAN Movements in Exile

2004-04-18:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress





































Ruler changes:

1911-10-10:

Republic of UIGHURISTAN  (Kashgar)   -    Uighur Rebels
         (UIghur)

1912-02-12:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   
         ()

1912-05-07:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -    General Ma Fu-Hsing
         (Ma Fu-Hsing)

1916-03-22:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -    Titai General Ma Fu-Hsing
         (T''i-T''ai Ma Fu-Hsing)

1924-01-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -    Tao-Yin General Ma Shao-Wu
         (T''ao-Yin Ma Shao-Wu)

1931-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region in rebellion  (Tashkurgan)   -    Muhammad Amin Bughra
         (Muḥammad Amīn Bughra)

1932-01-01:

Region of UIGHURISTAN in rebellion  (Kashgar)   -    Khoja Niyaz Haji
         (Xoca Niyaz Hacı)

1933-01-01:

Military Region of SOUTHERN SINKIANG  (Kashgar)   -    Tao-Yin General Ma Shao-Wu
         (T''ao-Yin Ma Shao-Wu)

1933-03-16:

Independent Emirate of KHOTAN  (Kashgar)   -    Emir Muhammad Amin Bughra
         (Amir Muḥammad Amīn Bughra)

1933-09-30:

EAST TURKESTAN Republic  (Khotan)   -    Khoja Niyaz Haji
         (Xoca Niyaz Hacı)

1933-12-12:

Turkish Islamic Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kashgar)   -    President Khoja Niyaz Haji
         (Xoca Niyaz Hacı)

1934-02-07:

Turkish Islamic Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Yarkand Area)   -    Khoja Niyaz Haji
         (Xoca Niyaz Hacı)

1934-06-02:

Autonomous Military Territory of Southern Sinkiang : NANKIANG  (Kashgar)   -   
         ()

1934-07-01:

Autonomous Military Region of Southern Sinkiang : TUNGANISTAN Kingdom  (Khotan)   -    Padishah Ma Hu-Shan
         (Padishah Ma Hu-Shan)

1937-09-01:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   
         ()

1943-11-11:

People''s Republic of EASTERN TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -    Muhammad Amin Bughra
         (Muḥammad Amīn Bughra)

1944-09-11:

KASHGARIA Region  (Kashgar)   -   
         ()

1944-11-12:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -    President Alikhan Tore
         (Elihan Türe)

1946-06-16:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -    Ahmetjan Khasimi
         (Ehmetjan Qasimi)

1949-08-27:

Republic of EAST TURKESTAN  (Kulja)   -    Izhak Han
         (Izhak Han)

1949-10-20:

Province of SINKIANG under Communist Control  (Tihwa)   -   
         ()

1952-03-01:

TURKESTAN Emigres in Exile : National Turkestanian Unity Committee  (Istanbul)   -    Muhammad Amin Bughra
         (Muḥammad Amīn Bughra)

1961-01-01:

Association of Emigres of EASTERN TURKESTAN  (Istanbul)   -    Isa Yusuf Alptekin
         (Isa Yusuf Alptekin)

1991-02-11:

EAST TURKESTAN Movements in Exile  (Washington-District of Columbia + Munich)   -    Anwar Yusuf Turani
         (Anwar Yusuf Turani)

2004-04-18:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress  (Oakton)   -    President Erkin Alptekin
         (President Erkin Alptekin)

2006-11-27:

Government in Exile of the EAST TURKESTAN Republic : World Uyghur Congress  (Oakton)   -    President Rebiya Kadeer
         (President Rebiya Kadeer)






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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.