Kingdom of SPAIN [Spanish Colonial Empire]

Kingdom of SPAIN
[Spanish Colonial Empire]

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Reino de ESPAÑA : Imperio Español (es) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

King Alfonso XII
(ruler of SPAIN since 1900-01-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: Madrid
Official & national languages: Spanish (es) .


EUROPEAN SPAIN Divisions of SPAIN  (Madrid)

4 Divisions:

ASTURIAS Province of the Principality of ASTURIAS  (Oviedo)Local: Provincia del Principado de ASTURIAS (es)  (Oviedo)
CASTILE AND LEON Provinces of Castile and Leon : Division of UNIFORM SPAIN  (Madrid)Local: Provincias de Castilla y León : División de ESPAÑA UNIFORME (es)  (Madrid)
CATALAN COUNTRIES Provinces of Aragon : Division of INCORPORATED SPAIN  (Barcelona)Local: Provincias de Aragón : División de ESPAÑA INCORPORADA (es)  (Barcelona)
FORAL SPAIN Foral Provinces of Basque Country and Navarre : Division of FORAL SPAIN  (Vitoria)Local: Provincias Forales Vascongadas y Navarra : División de ESPAÑA FORAL (es)  (Vitoria)

2 Assisted Entities

ADRER Emirate of ADRAR [Spanish Protectorate]  (Atar) Emir Shaykh al-Hasana
ANDORRA Principality of ANDORRA  (Andorra The Old a + (La Seu d´Urgell) ry) Coprince Salvador Casanas i Pages

4 Territories:

GULF OF GUINEA Spanish Territories in THE GULF OF GUINEA  (Santa Isabel a)Local: Territorios españoles del GOLFO DE GUINEA (es)  (Santa Isabel)
NORTH AFRICA Spanish General Captaincy of NORTH AFRICA  (Ceuta a + Melilla a)Local: Capitanía General de las Posesiones de ÁFRICA DEL NORTE (es)  (Ceuta + Melilla)
SPANISH EAST INDIES Kingdom of the SPANISH EAST INDIES  (Liyubud + Sibutu)Local: Reino de las INDIAS ORIENTALES ESPAŇOLAS (es)  (Liyubud + Sibutu)
SPANISH WEST AFRICA Territories of SPANISH WEST AFRICA  (Las Palmas of Great Canary)Local: Territorios del ÁFRICA OCCIDENTAL ESPAÑOLA (es)  (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

4 Condominiums:

NEUTRAL GROUND Gibraltar NEUTRAL GROUND  (Mill Tower)Local: Gibraltar NEUTRAL GROUND (en) + ZONA NEUTRAL de Gibraltar (es)  (Torre del Molino)
PHEASANTS´ ISLAND Condominium of PHEASANTS´ ISLAND [Condominium of Conference Island]  (Hospital Island)Local: Condominio de la ISLA DE LOS FAISANES (es) + Condominium de l´ÎLE DES FAISANS (fr)  (Île de l´Hôpital)
PYRENEAN FACERIES Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)Local: Valles Transfronterizas de las FACERIAS PIRENAICAS (es) + Vallées transfrontalières des FACERIES PYRÉNÉENNES (fr)  (Baigorri + Baztan)
SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT International Concession of Shanghai Municipal Council : SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT  (Shanghai International Settlement)Local: SHANGHAI International Settlement (en) + SHANGHAI International Koncession (da) + SCHANGHAI Internationalen Konzessionen (de) + Concesión Internacional de SHANGHÁI (es) + Concession Internationale de CHANGHAÏ (fr) + Concessione Internazionale di SCIANGAI (it) + SHIYANHAI Kiyoudou Sokai : 上海共同租界 (ja) + Internationale Concessie van SHANGHAI (nl) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (no) + Concessão Internacional de XANGAI (pt) + SHANHAYSKIY Mezhdunarodny Settlment : ШАНХАЙСКИЙ международный сеттльмент (ru) + SHANGHAI International Settlement (sv) + SHANG-HAI Kung-Kung Tsu-Chieh : 上海公共租界 (zh)  (Shanghai International Settlement)

Dependent Protectorates:

RIO MUNI Spanish Protectorate of RIO MUNI [administered from Santa Isabel]  (Bata)Local: Protectorado español del RÍO DE MUNI (es)  (Bata)
RIO OF ORO RIO DE ORO Dependent Protectorate  (Villa Cisneros)Local: Protectorado de RÍO DE ORO (es)  (Villa Cisneros)

13 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
GREAT POWERS Treaty of MADRID  (Madrid)
HAGUE CONVENTION Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA [Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes]  (The Hague)
LATIN UNION Latin Monetary Union : LMU  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
SANITARY International SANITARY Confererence  (Paris)
SEA International Marine Conference : IMC  (Washington-District of Columbia)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU [International Telegraph Convention]  (Berne)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

PHEASANTS´ ISLAND Condominium of PHEASANTS´ ISLAND [Condominium of Conference Island]  (Hospital Island)
PYRENEAN FACERIES Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .