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1950-JAN-26

.. or a geo zone >>


French Overseas Territory of the French Settlements in INDIA : FRENCH INDIA (Pondicherry) 
Portuguese Overseas Province of INDIA : Governorate-General of the Portuguese State of India : PORTUGUESE INDIA (New Goa) 
Republic of INDIA : INDIA (New Delhi)  President Rajendra Prasad

Alternate Entities with similar names

Republic of INDIA
(New Delhi)

Republic of INDIA UNO Member

Flag or logo since 1947-07-22
Republic of INDIA (en) + BHĀRAT Gaṇarājya : भारत गणराज्य (hi)
Emblem or Symbol

President Rajendra Prasad
(ruler of INDIA since 1950-01-26)
Population:
Area:
Capital:New Delhi(Naī Dillī)
Official languages:()
Official religions:()

Mainland:


INDIA States of INDIA  (New Delhi)

26 Federated or Constituent Mainland Divisions:

AJMER AJMER State  (Ajmer)Local: AJMER State (en) + AJMIR Raajy : अजमेर राज्य (hi)  (Ajmer)
ASSAM State of ASSAM  (Gauhati)Local: ASOM Raashtra : অসম ৰাষ্ট্ৰ (as) + ASAMA Rajya : আসাম রাজ্য (bn) + ASOM (brx) + State of ASSAM (en)  (Gauhati)
BHOPAL BHOPAL State  (Bhopal)Local: BHOPAL State (en) + BHOPAL Riyasat : دولت بوپال (ps) + BHOPAAL Riyaasat : भोपाल रियासत (hi) + BHOPAL Riyasat : بھوپال ریاست (ur)  (Bhopal)
BIHAR BIHAR State  (Patna)Local: BIHAR Rajy : बिहार राज्य (hi) + BIHAR Raajy : بہار ریاست (ur)  (Patna)
BILASPUR BILASPUR State  (Bilaspur)Local: BILASPUR State (en) + BILASAPUR Raajy : बिलासपुर राज्य (hi)  (Bilaspur)
BOMBAY BOMBAY State  (Bombay)Local: MUMBA''I Rajya : मुंबई राज्य (mr) + BOMBAY State (en)  (Bombay)
CENTRAL INDIA MADHYA BHARAT State : Malwa Union  (Indore)Local: MADHYA BHARAT State : Malwa Union (en) + MADHYA BHARAT Rajy : मध्य भारत राज्य (hi)  (Indaur)
COORG COORG State  (Mercara)Local: COORG State (en) + KURG Rajya : ಕೂಗ್ ರಾಜ್ಯ (kfa) + KOORG Raajy : कूर्ग राज्य (hi)  (Madikeri)
DELHI DELHI State  (Delhi)Local: DELHI State (en) + DILLĪ Rajy : दिल्ली राज्य (hi  (Dillī)
EST PUNJAB EAST PUNJAB State  (Amritsar + Simla)Local: PURABI PANJABA Raja : ਪੂਰਬੀ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਰਾਜ (pa) + EAST PANJAB State (en)  (Amritsar + Simla)
GREATER RAJASTHAN United States of GREATER RAJASTHAN  (Jaipur)Local: United States of GREATER RAJASTHAN (en) + ADHIKATAR RAJASTHAN ke Sanyukt Rajy : अधिकतर राजस्थान के संयुक्त राज्य (hi) + ADHIKATAR RAJASTHAN ke Sanyukt Rajy : अधिकतर राजस्थान के संयुक्त राज्य (raj)  (Jaipur)
HIMACHAL PRADESH HIMACHAL PRADESH State  (Simla)Local: HIMACHAL PRADESH State (en) + HIMACHAL PRADESH Rajy : हिमाचल प्रदेश राज्य (hi)  (Simla)
HYDEBABAD HYDERABAD State  (Hyderabad)Local: Hryast HAYDARABAD : ریاست حیدرآباد (ur) + HAIDARABAD Rastram : హైదరాబాద్ రాష్ట్రం (te) + HYDERABAD State (en)  (Haydarabad)
KUTCH KUTCH State  (Bhuj)Local: KUTCH State (en) + KACHH Raajy : ڪڇ اسٽيٽ (kfr) + KACHCHH Raajy : कच्छ राज्य (hi)  (Bhuj)
MADHYA PRADESH MADHYA PRADESH State  (Nagpur)Local: MADHIYA PRADESH Rajy : मध्य प्रदेश राज्य (hi) + MADHYA PRADESH State (en)  (Nagpur)
MADRAS MADRAS State  (Madras)Local: CHENNAI Manilam : சென்னை மாநிலம் (ta) + MADRAS State (en)  (Madras)
MANIPUR State of MANIPUR  (Imphal)Local: MANIPUR State (en) + MANIPUR : মণিপুর (mni)  (Imphal)
MYSORE MYSORE State  (Bangalore)Local: MAHISURU Rajya : ಮೈಸೂರು ರಾಜ್ಯ (kn) + MAHISUR State (en)  (Bangalore)
ORISSA ORISSA State  (Bhubaneswar)Local: ORISHA Rajya : ଓଡ଼ିଶା ରାଜ୍ୟ (or)  (Bhubaneshwar)
PATIALA AND EAST PUNJAB STATES Patiala and East Punjab States Union : PEPSU  (Patiala)Local: Patiala and East Punjab States Union : PEPSU (en) + Paṭi''ālā atē Pūrabī Pajāba Saṭēṭasa Yūnī''ana : PAIPASŪ - ਪਟਿਆਲਾ ਅਤੇ ਪੂਰਬੀ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਸਟੇਟਸ ਯੂਨੀਅਨ : ਪੈਪਸੂ (pa)  (Patiala)
SAURASHTRA SAURASHTRA State : United States of Kathiawar  (Rajkot)Local: SAURASHTRA Rajya : સૌરાષ્ટ્ર રાજ્ય (gu) + SAURASHTRA State (en)  (Rajkot)
TRAVANCORE-COCHIN State of TRAVANCORE-COCHIN  (Trivandrum)Local: State of TRAVANCORE-COCHIN (en) + Tiruvitāṅkūr-Keāccin sansthānaṁ : THIRU-KOCHI - തിരുവിതാംകൂർ-കൊച്ചിൻ സംസ്ഥാനം : തിരു-കൊച്ചി (ml) + Tiruvāṅkūr-Kocci Mānilam : TIRU-KOCCI - திருவாங்கூர்-கொச்சி மாநிலம் : திரு-கொச்சி (ta)  (Thrivandrum)
TRIPURA TRIPURA State  (Agartala)Local: TRIPURA State (en) + TWIPRA Rajaer : ত্রিপুরা রাজ্য (trp) + TRIPURA Raja : ত্রিপুরা রাজ্য (bn)  (Agartala)
UTTAR PRADESH UTTAR PRADESH State  (Lucknow)Local: UTTAR PRADESH Rajy : उत्तर प्रदेश राज्य (hi) + UTTAR PRADESH Raajy : اتر پردیش ریاست (ur)  (Lakhnau)
VINDHYA PRADESH VINDHYA PRADESH State  (Rewa)Local: VINDHYA PRADESH State (en) + VINDYA PRADESHA Raajya : વિંદ્ય પ્રદેશ રાજ્ય (hi)  (Rewa)
WEST BENGAL WEST BENGAL State  (Calcutta)Local: Pashcima Banga Rajya : POSHCHIM BÔNGGO - পশ্চিমবঙ্গ রাজ্য (bn)  (Calcutta)



4 Assisted Entities

BHUTAN Indian Protectorate of the Kingdom of BHUTAN  (Punakha) King Jigme Wangchuk
JAMMU AND KASHMIR State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan-UNCIP]  (Jammu + Srinagar) Maharajah Sir Hari Singh
SIKKIM Indian Protectorate of the Kingdom of SIKKIM  (Gangtok) Maharajah Sir Tashi Namgyal
TIBET Kingdom of TIBET  (Lhasa) Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso



1 Territory in Asia:

ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS Territory of ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS  (Port Blair)Local: Territory of ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS (en) + ANDAMAAN AUR NIKOBAAR DVEEPASAMOOH Kshetr : अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीपसमूह क्षेत्र (hi)  (Port Blair)

1 Condominium, co-administered or disputed territory in Asia:

WESTERN JAPAN British Commonwealth Occupation Force in WESTERN JAPAN  (Kure)Local: British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Western Japan : BCOF (en) + Igirisu Renpō Senryō-Gun : IRSG - イギリス連邦占領軍 (ja)  (Kure)




26 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN NATURE Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in their Natural State : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
COMMONWEALTH THE COMMONWEATH of Nations  (Westminster)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Quebec City)
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade : GATT  (Villa Bocage)
GENEVA CONVENTION GENEVA Convention  (Geneva)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ICJ International Court of Justice : ICJ  (The Hague)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERNATIONAL TRADE International Trade Organization : ITO  (Havana)
INTERPOL INTERPOL Organization  (Saint Cloud)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IUPN International Union for the Protection of Nature : IUPN  (Brussels)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UNICEF United Nations International Children''s Emergency Fund : UNICEF Temporary Agency  (New York City)
UNITED NATIONS United Nations Organization : UNO  (Paris)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

JAMMU AND KASHMIR State of JAMMU AND KASHMIR [United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan-UNCIP]  (Jammu + Srinagar)
SIKKIM Indian Protectorate of the Kingdom of SIKKIM  (Gangtok)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

ANGEDIVA ISLAND Enclave of the Governorate of ANGEDIVA ISLAND  (Anjediva)
CHANDERNAGORE Indian Commission of CHANDERNAGORE  (Chandernagore)
DADRA Enclave of DADRA Parish  (Dadra)
DAMAO Portuguese District of DAMAO  (Damao)
DIU Governorate of the Portuguese District of DIU ISLAND  (Diu)
FRENCH INDIA French Overseas Territory of the French Settlements in INDIA  (Pondicherry)
GOA GOA Portuguese Overseas Province  (New Goa)
JAMMU JAMMU Division  (Jammu)
KARIKAL French Settlement of KARIKAL  (Karikal)
KASHMIR VALLEY KASHMIR VALLEY Division  (Srinagar)
LADAKH LADAKH Division  (Leh)
MAHE French Settlement of MAHE  (Mahe)
NAGAR-AVELI NAGAR AVELI County  (Silvassa)
PONDICHERRY French Settlement of PONDICHERRY  (Pondicherry)
PORTUGUESE INDIA Portuguese Overseas Province of INDIA : Governorate-General of the Portuguese State of India  (New Goa)
YANAON French Settlement of YANAON  (Yanaon)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ).
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.