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1950-APR-01

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ITALIAN Republic
(Rome)

ITALIAN Republic

Flag or logo since 1946-06-18
Repubblica ITALIANA (it) PCA MemberDe facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol

President Luigi Einaudi
(ruler of ITALY since 1948-05-12)
Capital:Rome - (Roma)
Official languages: Italian (it) .

Mainland:


ITALY ITALIAN Republic  (Rome)

14 Mainland Divisions:

ABRUZZES AND MOLISE Region of ABRUZZES AND MOLISE  (Aquila)Local: Regione degli ABRUZZI E MOLISE (it)  (L''Aquila)
APULIA Region of APULIA  (Bari)Local: Regione delle PUGLIE (it)  (Bari)
BASILICATA Region of BASILICATA  (Potenza)Local: Regione della BASILICATA (it)  (Potenza)
CALABRIA Region of CALABRIA  (Reggio Calabria)Local: Regione di CALABRIA (it)  (Reggio di Calabria)
CAMPANIA Region of CAMPANIA  (Naples)Local: Regione della CAMPANIA (it)  (Napoli)
EMILIA-ROMAGNA Region of EMILIA-ROMAGNA  (Bologna)Local: Regione dell''EMILIA-ROMAGNA (it)  (Bologna)
EUGANEAN VENETIA Region of EUGANEAN VENETIA  (Venice)Local: Regione della VENEZIA EUGANEA (it)  (Venezia)
LATIUM Region of LATIUM  (Rome)Local: Regione di LAZIO (it)  (Roma)
LIGURIA Region of LIGURIA  (Genoa)Local: Regione della LIGURIA (it)  (Genova)
LOMBARDY Region of LOMBARDY  (Milan)Local: Regione della LOMBARDIA (it)  (Milano)
MARCHES Region of THE MARCHES  (Ancona)Local: Regione delle MARCHE (it)  (Ancona)
PIEDMONT Region of PIEDMONT  (Turin)Local: Regione del PIEMONTE (it)  (Torino)
TUSCANY Region of TUSCANY  (Florence)Local: Regione della TOSCANA (it)  (Firenze)
UMBRIA Region of UMBRIA  (Perugia)Local: Regione dell''UMBRIA (it)  (Perugia)



4 Assisted Entities

HOLY SEE State of Vatican City : HOLY SEE  (Vatican) Pope Pius XII
SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM Order of the Knights Hospitaller of SAINT JOHN OF JERUSALEM  (Palace of Malta + Via Condotti) Grandmaster Ludovico Chigi Albani Della Rovere
SAN MARINO Most Serene Republic of SAN MARINO  (San Marino) Captains-Regent
TANGIER TANGIER International Zone  (Tangier) Sultan Muhammad V



4 Territories:

AOSTA VALLEY Autonomous Region of AOSTA VALLEY  (Aosta)Local: Région autonome du VAL D''AOSTE (fr) + Regione Autonoma della VALLE D''AOSTA (it)  (Aoste)
SARDINIA SARDINIA Autonomous Region  (Cagliari)Local: Region Autonoma della SARDEGNA (it)  (Cagliari)
SICILY SICILY Autonomous Region  (Palermo)Local: Regione Autonoma di SICILIA (it)  (Palermo)
TRENTINO-UPPER ADIGE TRENTINO-UPPER ADIGE Autonomous Region  (Trent)Local: Regione Autonoma del TRENTINO-ALTO ADIGE (it) + Region TIROLER ETSCHLAND (de)  (Trento)

3 Condominiums:

ITALIAN SOMALILAND United Nations Trust Territory of SOMALILAND under Italian Administration  (Mogadishu)Local: Amministrazione fiduciaria Italiana della SOMALIA ITALIANA (it)  (Mogadiscio)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)Local: Ambassade de France en Italie : PALAIS FARNÈSE (fr) + Ambasciata di Francia in Italia : PALAZZO FARNESE (it)  (Palazzo Farnese)
ROME AND LORETO Pious French Establishments in ROME AND LORETO  (Villa Bonaparte)Local: Pieux Établissements français à ROME ET LORETTE (fr) + Pii Stabilimenti francesi a ROMA E LORETO (it)  (Villa Bonaparte)



1 Government in Exile

LITHUANIA IN EXILE Republic of LITHUANIA IN EXILE  (Rome) Stasys Lozoraitis Senior



Military entity abroad or locally shared:

AVIANO AVIANO Air Base  (Aviano)Local: AVIANO Air Base (en) + Base aerea di AVIANO (it)  (Aviano)


34 Organizations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


AFRICAN NATURE Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in their Natural State : LONDON CONVENTION  (London)
AIR SPORTS World Air Sports Federation : WASF  (Lausanne)
CENTRAL BANK Bank for International Settlements : BIS  (Basle)
COCOM Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls : COCOM  (Paris)
EUROPE Council of Europe : CE  (Strasbourg)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations : FAO Specialized Agency  (Quebec City)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
HYDROGRAPHY International Hydrographic Bureau : IHB  (Monaco)
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development : IBRD  (Washington-District of Columbia)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization : ICAO Specialized Agency  (Montreal)
ILO International Labour Organization : ILO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
IMF International Monetary Fund : IMF Specialized Agency  (Washington-District of Columbia)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property : UIBPIP  (Berne)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION Inter-Parliamentary Union : IPU  (Geneva)
INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of International Law : IIL  (Ghent)
INTERNATIONAL TRADE International Trade Organization : ITO  (Havana)
INTERPOL INTERPOL Organization  (Saint Cloud)
IRO International Refugee Organization : IRO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
ITU International Telecommunication Union : ITU Specialized Agency  (Geneva)
LEAGUE OF RED CROSS League of Red Cross Societies : LORCS  (Geneva)
MARITIME LAW International Maritime Committee : IMC  (Antwerp)
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization : NATO Alliance  (Washington-District of Columbia)
OEEC Organization for European Economic Cooperation : OEEC  (Paris)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PANEUROPA International Paneuropean Union : IPU  (Vienna)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Institute of Refrigeration : IIR  (Paris)
ROMAN CATHOLICISM ROMAN CATHOLIC Church  (Vatican)
SEA Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization : IMCO  (Geneva)
STANDARDIZATION International Organization for Standardization : ISO  (Geneva)
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization : UNESCO Specialized Agency  (Paris)
UPU Universal Postal Union : UPU Specialized Agency  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)
WHO World Health Organization : WHO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)



Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

TRIESTE Free Territory of TRIESTE [Anglo-American and Yugoslav Administrations under United Nations supervision]  (Trieste)


Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AVIANO AVIANO Air Base  (Aviano)
FRENCH ESTABLISHMENT IN LORETO Pious French Establishment in Loreto : National Chaplaincy of France in LORETO  (National Chaplaincy of France in Loreto)
HOLY HOUSE OF LORETO Papal Basilica of Major Sanctuary of THE HOLY HOUSE OF LORETO  (Holy House of Loreto)
HOLY SEE IN THE REST OF ITALY Properties of HOLY SEE IN THE REST OF ITALY  (Saint Francis of Assisi)
PALACE FARNESE French Embassy in Italy : PALACE FARNESE  (Palace Farnese)
SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA Pontifical Basilica of SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA  (Saint Anthony of Padua)
SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI Major Papal Basilica of SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI  (Saint Francis of Assisi)
SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII Pontifical Basilica of the Major Sanctuary of the Holy Virgin of the SAINT ROSARY OF POMPEII  (Saint Rosary of Pompeii)
VILLA MEDICI French Academy in Rome : French Possession of VILLA MEDICI  (Villa Medici)
ZONE A OF TRIESTE United Nations Mandate of the Anglo-American ZONE A of the Free Territory of Trieste  (Trieste)

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Notes:


   w.ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires, by Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * Les langues du monde, by Meillet & Cohen, ed. Revue des Études Anciennes (FR). For languages of the world.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * and others that are added according to the consulted entity.

 Codes of drawings' authors

Abbott Stephen, SAB (US). Baert Roger, RBA (BE). Berry Bruce, BBE (ZA). Bezh Sergiy, SBE (UA). Darras Philippe-Pierre, PPD (FR). De Vries Hubert, HDV (NL). Dignan James, JDI (NZ). Dixon Jonathan, JDX (AU). Dubois Gaël, GDU (FR). Fischer Jan-Patrick, JPF (DE). Flicher André, AFL (FR). Gross Pascal, PGR (FR). Harden Zachary, ZHA (US). Hardy Alan, AHA (US). Heimer Zeljlko, ZHE (HR). Horváth Zoltán, ZHO (HU). Jovanovic Milan, MJO (RS). Kariyasu Nozomi, NKA (JP). Kelly Ralph, RKE (AU). Kretowicz Chrystian, CKR (PL). Lê Thanh-Tâm, TTL (FR). Loeser Pete, PLO (US). Maddish Christopher, CMA (US). Martins-Tuválkin António, AMT (PT). Martucci Dave, DMA (US). Ollé Casals Jaume, JOC (ES). Paddeu Paolo, PPA (IT). Patke Jens, JPA (AT). Poposki Vanja, VPO (MK). Saber Jason, JSA (UK). Sache Ivan, ISA (FR). Šipek Tomislav, TSI (HR). Thomas Dean, DTH (NZ). Tibbetts Philip, PTI (UK). Touzeau Olivier, OTO (FR). Vagnat Pascal, PVA (FR). Van den Muijzenberg Peter Hans, PHM (NL). Znamierowski Alfred, AZN (PL). Others I may have forgotten. And myself, JMM (FR).





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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2020-FEB-20.