Flag or logo since 1958-10-21*
Repoblika MALAGASY (mg) + République MALGACHE (fr) De facto Independent
Emblem or Symbol*

President Philibert Tsiranana
(ruler of MADAGASCAR since 1959-05-01)
Capitals & administrative places*: Tananarive
Official & national languages: French (fr) . Malagasy (mg) .


MADAGASCAR MALAGASY Republic  (Tananarive)

6 Divisions:

DIEGO-SUAREZ Province of DIEGO-SUAREZ  (Diego-Suarez)Local: Faritany DIEGO SUAREZ (mg) + Province de DIÉGO-SUAREZ (fr)  (Diégo-Suarez)
FIANARANTSOA Province of FIANARANTSOA  (Fianarantsoa)Local: Faritany FIANARANTSOA (mg) + Province de FIANARANTSOA (fr)  (Fianarantsoa)
MAJUNGA Province of MAJUNGA  (Majunga)Local: Faritany MAJUNGA (mg) + Province de MAJUNGA (fr)  (Majunga)
TAMATAVE Province of TAMATAVE  (Tamatave)Local: Faritany TAMATAVE (mg) + Province de TAMATAVE (fr)  (Tamatave)
TANANARIVE Province of TANANARIVE  (Tananarive)Local: Faritany TANANARIVE (mg) + Province de TANANARIVE (fr)  (Tananarive)
TULEAR Province of TULEAR  (Tulear)Local: Faritany TOLIARY (mg) + Province de TULÉAR (fr)  (Toliary)

Military entity abroad, special or locally shared:

IVATO IVATO Air Base  (Ivato)Local: Base aérienne d´IVATO (fr)  (Ivato)

2 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)

ASECNA Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar : ASECNA  (Paris + Saint Louis of Senegal)
WMO World Meteorological Organization : WMO Specialized Agency  (Geneva)

* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Territories or Entities within the 2023's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

DIEGO-SUAREZ BASE French Base of DIEGO SUAREZ  (Diego-Suarez Base)
IVATO IVATO Air Base  (Ivato)
Notes: aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox

 General Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   *, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 General Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

    + the other sources are added according to the consulted entity.


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UPDATED ON: ~ 2023-APR-27 ~ .