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1918-SEP-15

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The Exalted Ottoman State : Turkish OTTOMAN Empire
(Constantinople)

The Exalted Ottoman State : Turkish OTTOMAN Empire

Flag or logo since 1900-01-01*
Devlet-i Âliye-i OSMÂNIYYE : دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه (ota) PCA Member
Emblem or Symbol*

Sultan Mehmet VI Vahidettin
(ruler of OTTOMAN TURKEY since 1918-07-03)
Capital:Constantinople - (Konstantiniyye)
Official languages: Ottoman Turkish (ota) .

Mainland:


OTTOMAN TURKEY Sublime OTTOMAN State : Turkish Empire  (Constantinople)

5 Mainland Divisions:

ARABIAN IRAQ Region of Ottoman Iraq : Region of ARABIAN IRAQ  (Mosul)Local: IRAK-ARABI Bölgesi : ایاالت-عربی منطقه (ota) + AL-IRAQ taht al-Hukm al-Uthmany : العراق تحت الحكم العثماني (ar) + IRAQ taht Hakwimt Uthmany : عراق تحت حکومت عثمانی (fa)  (Musul)
ASIA MINOR Region of ASIA MINOR  (Cotyaeum)Local: KÜÇÜK ASYA Bölgesi : منطقه کوچک آسیا (ota)  (Kütahya)
OTTOMAN LEVANT Region of Ottoman Syria : OTTOMAN LEVANT  (Aleppo)Local: OSMANLI ŞAM Bölgesi : سورية في العصر العثماني (ota) + Suria al-Uthmania : SHAM AL-UTHMANIA - سوريا العثمانية (ar)  (Ḥaleb)
RUMELIA Ottoman Region of RUMELIA : European Turkey  (Constantinople)Local: RUMELIA Bölgesi : منطقه رومالیا (ota)  (Konstantiniyye)
TURKISH ARMENIA Region of TURKISH ARMENIA  (Erzerum)Local: Vilâyat-ı Sitte : TÜRK ERMENISTAN - فيلايات-ı سيت (ota)  (Erzurum)



5 Assisted Entities

AZERBAIJAN AZERBAIJANI People''s Republic [Ottoman Occupation]  (Baku) Fathali Khan Khoyski
JEBEL SHAMMAR Emirate of JEBEL SHAMMAR [under Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Hail) Emir Saud II bin Abdul Aziz Al Rashid
NAJRAN Muslim Principality of NAJRAN under Yemeni Suzerainty  (Aba As-Saud) Prince Ali II bin Muhsin bin Husayn
TRIPOLITANIA Governorate-General of TRIPOLI ALGIERS AND TUNIS  (Misrata) Sulayman Al-Baruni
TUNISIA Regency of TUNIS [French Protectorate of the Autonomous Tunisian Regency under nominal Ottoman Suzerainty]  (Tunis) Muhammad V An-Nasir Bey



10 Territories:

CHATALJA Autonomous Sanjak of CHATALJA  (Chatalja)Local: Sancağ-ı ÇATALCA : سانجاك چاتالجا (ota)  (Çatalca)
DARDANELLES Autonomous Sanjak of DARDANELLES : Sanjak of Bigha  (Hellespont)Local: Sancağ-ı BIĞA : بيكا-i بيغا (ota)  (Çanakkale)
KARABAKH Armenian People''s Government of KARABAKH  (Khankendi)Local: GHARABAGHI Hay Zhoghovrdi Karravarut’yuny : ՂԱՐԱԲԱՂԻ հայ ժողովրդի կառավարությունը (hy) + KARABAĞ Özerk Bölgesi (ota) + QARABAĞ Muxtar Vilayətinin (az)  (Khankendi)
MAKU Khanate of MAKU  (Maku)Local: MAKU Hanlığı : خانات ماکو (ota) + Khan-e MĀKŪ : خانات ماکو (fa)  (Maku)
MEDINA Enclave of the Sanjak of MEDINA : Ottoman Vilayet of Hejaz  (Medina The Radiant)Local: MEDINE Sancak  (Medine-i-Münevvere)
NAKHICHEVAN Autonomous Region of NAKHICHEVAN [Nominally part of Azerbaijan]  (Nakhichevan)Local: NAHÇIVAN Özerk Bölgesi (ota) + NAXÇIVAN Muxtar Rayon (az)  (Nahçıvan)
NICOMEDIA Autonomous Sanjak of NICOMEDIA  (Nicomedia)Local: Sancağ-ı İZMID : سانجاك إزميت (ota)  (İzmid)
OTTOMAN PERSIA Territory of OTTOMAN PERSIA  (Tabriz)Local: OSMANLI PERS Topraklarında  (Tebriz)
SOUTH-WESTERN CAUCASUS Ottoman Military Territory of SOUTH-WESTERN CAUCASUS  (Kars)Local: Kars ve Acara : CENUB-I GARBI KAFKAS (ota)  (Kars)
YEMEN Vilayet of YEMEN  (Hodeidah)Local: Vilâyet-i YEMEN : ولايت یمن (ota) + Wilayat AL-YAMAN : ولاية اليمن (ar)  (Hudeyde)

4 Condominiums:

EMPTY QUARTER Najdi Zone of EMPTY QUARTER  (Al Murrah)Local: Ar-RUB AL-KHALI : الربع الخالي (ar) + RUBÜLHALI Çölü : الربع الخالي (ota)  (Al-Murrah)
NORTHERN DOBRUJA Joint Central Powers Condominium of NORTHERN DOBRUJA  (Constantsa)Local: SEVERNA DOBRUDZHA  (Konstantsa)
SHEIKH SAID French Colony of SHEIKH SAID Territory  (Sheikh Said)Local: Territoire de CHEIKH-SAÏD (fr) + ŞEYH SAID''IN Eyalet : لشيخ سعيد (ota) + Eradi SHEIKH SAID : أراضي الشيخ سعيد (ar)  (Cheikh Saïd)
WAILA AND YAM Territory of WAILA AND YAM Arabian Tribes  (Marwan + Aqaba Rifida)Local: Qabayil WAILA WA YAM : قبائل ويلا ويام (ar) + Kabileleri WAILA VE YAM : قبائل ويلا ويام (ota) + WAILA AND YAM Tribes (en)  (Marwan + Aqaba Rifida)



1 Government in Exile

TRIPOLITANIA IN EXILE Vilayet of TRIPOLITANIA in Exile  (Tunis) Osman Fuad Pasha



Military entity abroad or locally shared:

RAYAK German-Ottoman Air Base of RAYAK  (Rayak)Local: RAYAK  (Rayak)


12 Organisations (or Groupings) of membership (selective)


BRUSSELS CONVENTION Convention relative to the Slave Trade and Importation into Africa of Firearms Ammunition and Spiritous Liquors : BRUSSELS CONVENTION  (Brussels)
CENTRAL POWERS Association of the CENTRAL POWERS  (Berlin)
HAGUE CONVENTION Permanent Court of Arbitration : PCA  (The Hague)
INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU INTER-PARLIAMENTARY BUREAU for Permanent Arbitration  (Christiania)
OLYMPIC GAMES International Olympic Committee : IOC  (Lausanne)
PUBLIC HEALTH International Office of Public Health : IOPH  (Paris)
RED CROSS International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC  (Geneva)
REFRIGERATION International Association of Refrigeration : IAR  (Paris)
TELEGRAPH International Telegraph Union : ITU  (Berne)
TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK Treaty of BREST-LITOVSK  (Brest-Litovsk)
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION Universal Postal Union : UPU  (Berne)
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES International Bureau of Weights and Measures : IBWM  (Sevres)



* The emblems shown for the subdivisions may in some cases be those of their capital.

Other Independent or Semi-Independent Polities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

PONTUS Hellenic Autonomous State of PONTUS  (Amisos + (Trebizond))


Other Territories or Entities within the 2021's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS Greek Administration of IMBROS AND TENEDOS ISLANDS  (Panagia Palomeni + Tenedos)
STRAITS ZONE British Allied Occupied ZONE OF THE STRAITS  (Thessalonica)
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Notes:


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   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
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 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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