ethnia.org
 

1993-NOV-01

Zones:

EUROPEAN UNION  FRANCE  FRANCE METROPOLITAN 
   
(Brussels + Luxembourg + Strasbourg) - (Paris) - (Paris) -

French Republic : FR

Flag or logo since 1945-04-23
République française : RF (fr) De facto Semi-Independent
Emblem or Symbol

Jacques Delors
(ruler of EUROPEAN UNION since 1985-01-05)

President Francois Mitterrand
(ruler of FRANCE since 1981-05-21)
Capital:Paris - (Paris)
Official languages: French (fr) .

Mainland:


FRANCE METROPOLITAN FRENCH Republic  (Paris)

21 Mainland Divisions:

ALSACE Region ALSACE  (Strasbourg)Local: Région ALSACE (fr) + Region ELSÀSS (gsw)  (Strasbourg)
AQUITAINE Region AQUITAINE  (Bordeaux)Local: Région AQUITAINE (fr)  (Bordeaux)
AUVERGNE Region AUVERGNE  (Clermont-Ferrand)Local: Région AUVERGNE (fr)  (Clermont-Ferrand)
BRITTANY Region BRITTANY  (Rennes)Local: Région BRETAGNE (fr)  (Rennes)
BURGUNDY Region BURGUNDY  (Dijon)Local: Région BOURGOGNE (fr)  (Dijon)
CENTRE Region CENTRE  (Orleans)Local: Région CENTRE (fr)  (Orléans)
CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNE Region CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNE  (Chalons on Marne)Local: Région CHAMPAGNE-ARDENNE (fr)  (Châlons-sur-Marne)
FREE COUNTY Region FREE COUNTY  (Besancon)Local: Région FRANCHE-COMTÉ (fr)  (Besançon)
ISLE-OF-FRANCE Region ISLE-OF-FRANCE  (Paris)Local: Région ÎLE-DE-FRANCE (fr)  (Paris)
LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON Region LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON  (Montpellier)Local: Région LANGUEDOC-ROUSSILLON (fr)  (Montpellier)
LIMOUSIN Region LIMOUSIN  (Limoges)Local: Région LIMOUSIN (fr)  (Limoges)
LOIRE COUNTRIES Region LOIRE COUNTRIES  (Nantes)Local: Région PAYS DE LA LOIRE (fr)  (Nantes)
LORRAINE Region LORRAINE  (Metz)Local: Région LORRAINE (fr)  (Metz)
LOWER NORMANDY Region LOWER NORMANDY  (Caen)Local: Région BASSE-NORMANDIE (fr)  (Caen)
MIDI-PYRENEES Region MIDI-PYRENEES  (Toulouse)Local: Région MIDI-PYRÉNÉES (fr)  (Toulouse)
NORD-PASS OF CALAIS Region NORD-PASS OF CALAIS  (Lille)Local: Région NORD-PAS DE CALAIS (fr)  (Lille)
PICARDY Region PICARDY  (Amiens)Local: Région PICARDIE (fr)  (Amiens)
POITOU-CHARENTES Region POITOU-CHARENTES  (Poitiers)Local: Région POITOU-CHARENTES (fr)  (Poitiers)
PROVENCE-ALPS-AZUR COAST Region PROVENCE-ALPS-AZUR COAST  (Marseilles)Local: Région PROVENCE-ALPES-CÔTE D''AZUR (fr)  (Marseille)
RHONE-ALPS Region RHONE-ALPS  (Lyons)Local: Région RHÔNE-ALPES (fr)  (Lyon)
UPPER NORMANDY Region UPPER NORMANDY  (Rouen)Local: Région HAUTE-NORMANDIE (fr)  (Rouen)




6 Territories:

CORSICA Territorial Collectivity of CORSICA Region  (Ajaccio)Local: Collectivité territoriale de la Région CORSE (fr) + Cullettività Territuriale di CORSICA (co)  (Ajaccio)
FRENCH GUIANA Region of GUIANA  (Cayenne)Local: Région de la GUYANE (fr)  (Cayenne)
GUADELOUPE Region of GUADELOUPE  (Basse-Terre)Local: Région de la GUADELOUPE (fr)  (Basse-Terre)
HAUTEVILLE HOUSE City of Paris Property of HAUTEVILLE HOUSE  (Victor Hugo Home)Local: Domaine de HAUTEVILLE HOUSE Propriété de la Ville de Paris (fr)  (Maison de Victor Hugo)
MARTINIQUE Region of MARTINIQUE  (Fort of France)Local: Région de la MARTINIQUE (fr)  (Fort-de-France)
REUNION French Overseas Region of REUNION  (Saint Denis of the Reunion)Local: Région d''outre-mer française de la RÉUNION (fr)  (Saint-Denis de La Réunion)

4 Condominiums:

CANFRANC RAILWAY STATION Franco-Spanish International Convention on Trans-Pyrenean Railways : CANFRANC INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY STATION  (Canfranc International Railway Station)Local: Convención Franco-Española sobre Ferrocarriles Transpirenaicos : ESTACIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE CANFRANC (es) + Convention franco-espagnole relative aux Chemins de Fer Transpyrénéens : GARE INTERNATIONALE DE CANFRANC (fr)  (Estación Internacional de Canfranc)
PHEASANTS'' ISLAND Condominium of PHEASANTS'' ISLAND : Condominium of Conference Island  (Hospital Island)Local: Condominio de la ISLA DE LOS FAISANES (es) + Condominium de l''ÎLE DES FAISANS (fr) + FAISAIEN Uhartea o Konpantzia (eu)  (Konpantzia)
PYRENEAN FACERIES Trans-Borders Valleys of PYRENEAN FACERIES  (Baigorri + Baztan)Local: Valles Transfronterizas de las FACERIAS PIRENAICAS (es) + Vallées transfrontalières des FACERIES PYRÉNÉENNES (fr)  (Baigorri + Baztan)
UPPER MUNDAT Enclave of UPPER MUNDAT : Obermundat Enclave  (Reisdorf)Local: Enclave de la FORÊT DE L''OBERMUNDAT (fr) + OBERE MUNDATWALD Gebiet (de)  (Reisdorf)



6 Governments in Exile

ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA Kingdom of ARAUCANIA AND PATAGONIA in Exile  (Paris) Prince Philippe
FREE CUNANI Free State of CUNANI in Exile  (Paris) Interregnum
FREE IRAN National Council of Resistance of Iran : Democratic Republic of IRAN in Exile  (Auvers on Oise + Ashraf City) President Maryam Rajavi
HARATIN African Liberation Forces of Mauritania : ALFM  (Dakar + Paris) President Samba Thiam
NGUYEN NGUYEN Dynasty in Exile  (Paris) Emperor Bao Dai
ROYAL-LAOS Royal Lao Government in Exile : Monarchy of LAOS  (Paris) Crown Prince Soulivong Savang



Military entity abroad or locally shared:

SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)Local: Cimetière militaire belge de SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (fr) + Belgische militaire begraafplaats van SAINT-JEAN-CAP-FERRAT (nl)  (Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat)



Other Territories or Entities within the 2020's internationally recognized Country boundaries:

AMERICAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the AMERICAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Colleville + Vierville)
COMMONWEALTH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the COMMONWEALTH CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Bayeux)
EUROAIRPORT International Airport of Basel Mulhouse Freiburg : EUROAIRPORT  (Euroairport)
FRENCH WAR GRAVES FRENCH WAR GRAVES Abroad  (Paris)
GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE Territories of the GERMAN CEMETERIES IN FRANCE  (Neuville-Saint-Vaast + Andilly)
SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT Belgian Military Cemetery of SAINT JEAN CAPE FERRAT  (Saint Jean Cape Ferrat)
SARRAZINE TOWER Luxemburgian Residency of SARRAZINE TOWER  (Sarrazine Tower)
SAUGEAIS Free Republic of SAUGEAIS  (Montbenoit)
VIMY MEMORIAL Canadian National VIMY MEMORIAL  (Vimy)
- ethnia.org -
   
Notes:


   ethnia.org aims to find the countries, territories, governments, administrative divisions and main international organisations that have existed during the 20th century.
   Current depth of investigation: . [red: country considered completed, rose: 1 level yet to complete, white: 2 levels yet to complete]
   For an idea on how was built the site, see the following documentary link of wikipedia [fr] : Modèle:Infobox


 Main Internet Sources

   * Base géographique, Archives nationales d'outre-mer (FR). For the administrative divisions of the former French dependencies.
   * Centennia Historical Atlas Software, ed. Centennia (US). For Europe, North Africa and Middle East historical maps.
   * Drapeaux d'Origine & d'Inspiration Françaises - DO&IF, SFV (FR). For French colonial flags.
   * Ethnologue: Languages of the World, SIL International (US). For languages codes.
   * Flags Of The World - FOTW, Rob Raeside (CA). For the current and historic flags of the world.
   * GeoNames, Geonames (CH). Geographical names database.
   * Google Books, Google (US). Online library used for specific sources.
   * Herald Dick Magazine, Herald Dick (FR). For some current and historic arms.
   * Heraldry of the World, by Ralf Hartemink (NL). For local emblems and arms.
   * L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, by Jacques Leclerc, University of Laval (CA). For national linguistic policies.
   * National Arms and Emblems - Past and Present, by Hubert de Vries (NL). For historic national emblems and arms.
   * Numismondo - World Printed Money Picture Catalog, by Garry Saint, Esquire (US). For national currencies.
   * Omniatlas - Interactive atlas of World History, by Rick Westera (NZ). For some geopolitical maps.
   * Perry-Castañ:eda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin (US). For some historical maps.
   * Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer (NL). For historical regional demographies and areas.
   * Portale Storia, by Giovanni Fontana (IT). For photos of rulers.
   * ReliefWeb, by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For maps of some administrative divisions.
   * Rulers.org, by Benjamin Schemmel (DE). For photos of rulers.
   * Statoids, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The World Factbook, ed. Central Intelligence Agency (US). For the general data and profiles of the current countries.
   * United Nations Peacekeeping, United Nations (UNO). For the United Nations Missions.
   * Vexilla Mundi, by Mello Luchtenberg (NL). For flags of the world.
   * Vexillographia, by Viktor Lomantsov (RU). For flags of Russia and Soviet Union.
   * Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation (US). Free-use pictures.
   * Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation (US). For general data, maps, sources, pictures.
   * World Heritage Centre, (UNESCO). For the selected photos of the countries.
   * World History at KMLA, by Alexander Ganse (DE). For historical maps and links by country.
   * World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon (US). Main source for the historical polities and their rulers.

 Printed References

   * Atlas des empires and other books of Gérard Chaliand, ed. Payot (FR). General historical geopolitic data.
   * Atlas of the World's Languages, ed. Routledge (UK). Most complete world list of languages and dialects.
   * Flags Through the Ages and Accross the World, by Whitney Smith, ed. McGraw (US). Flags of the world.
   * Fragments d'Europe, by Michel Foucher, ed. Fayard (FR). For the post-Soviet Union polities.
   * L'État du Monde, ed. La Découverte (FR). Yearly geopolitic cover of the world.
   * Quid, by Dominique Frémy, ed. Plon (FR). Yearly encyclopedia that was useful for countries data.
   * Statoids printed version, by Gwillim Law (US). For historical administrative subdivisions.
   * The Times Atlas of the World, ed. Times Atlas (UK). Periodical atlas of the world with its supplementary list of administrative subdivisions.
   * World Christian Encyclopedia, by David B. Barrett, ed. Oxford University Press (UK). For world religious groups but also ethnological data. First inspiring source of Ethnia.org website's look.
   * World Paper Money, ed. Krause (US). For historical currencies.

   * others are added according to the consulted entity.

 




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