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2019-DEC-03

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Polity Timeline




































Flag changes:

1900-01-01:

BENADIR COAST Italian Protectorate  (Merca)   -   BENADIR COAST

1905-03-16:

Italian Colony of BENADIR COAST  (Merca)   -   BENADIR COAST

1941-02-26:

Commissariat of LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE  (Merca)   -   LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1950-04-01:

Commissariat of LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE  (Merca)   -   LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1954-10-12:

Commissariat of LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE  (Merca)   -   LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1960-07-01:

LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE Area  (Merca)   -   LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1991-01-01:

LOWER SHABELE Region  (Merca)   -   LOWER SHABELE

1991-01-27:

MAREHAN Clan  (Garbahare)   -   MAREHAN

2002-04-01:

LOWER SHABELE Region  (Merca)   -   LOWER SHABELE

2006-02-10:

Islamic Courts Allied SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA  (Merca)   -   SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA

2007-05-18:

EL WAK District  (El Wak)   -   EL WAK

2007-12-01:

SADE Clan  (Kismayo + Garbahare)   -   SADE

2010-12-20:

Isaak Front of Raskamboni Movement : JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Dolow)   -   JUBALAND

2011-03-13:

JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Dolow Bay)   -   JUBALAND

2012-05-02:

RASKAMBONI State  (Dolow Bay)   -   RASKAMBONI

2013-03-22:

Somalian State of AZANIA-RASKAMBONI  (Kismayo)   -   AZANIA-RASKAMBONI

2013-04-07:

JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Buale)   -   JUBALAND

2013-05-15:

JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Buale)   -   JUBALAND



































Arms changes:

1900-01-01:

BENADIR COAST Italian Protectorate  (Merca)   -   BENADIR COAST

1916-01-01:

Italian Colony of BENADIR COAST  (Merca)   -   BENADIR COAST

1925-07-01:

Commissariat of LOWER SHEBELLE  (Merca)   -   LOWER SHEBELLE

1936-06-01:

Commissariat of LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE  (Merca)   -   LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1941-02-26:

Commissariat of LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE  (Merca)   -   LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1956-10-10:

Commissariat of LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE  (Merca)   -   LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1991-01-01:

LOWER SHABELE Region  (Merca)   -   LOWER SHABELE

1991-01-27:

MAREHAN Clan  (Garbahare)   -   MAREHAN

2006-02-10:

Islamic Courts Allied SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA  (Merca)   -   SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA

2007-05-18:

EL WAK District  (El Wak)   -   EL WAK

2007-12-01:

SADE Clan  (Kismayo + Garbahare)   -   SADE

2010-12-20:

Isaak Front of Raskamboni Movement : JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Dolow)   -   JUBALAND

2013-03-22:

Somalian State of AZANIA-RASKAMBONI  (Kismayo)   -   AZANIA-RASKAMBONI

2013-04-07:

JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Buale)   -   JUBALAND




































Sovereignty changes:

1900-01-01:

ITALY

1936-05-09:

ITALY +

ITALIAN EASTERN AFRICA +

1941-02-26:

UNITED KINGDOM

1950-04-01:

ITALY +

UNITED NATIONS +

1960-07-01:

SOMALIA

1991-01-27:

MAREHAN

1992-12-05:

UNITED NATIONS +

AMERICA +

MAREHAN +

1995-03-03:

MAREHAN

1999-06-11:

JUBA VALLEY +

SOMALIA +

1999-06-29:

SOMALIA

2000-08-22:

JIBUTI +

SOMALIA +

2000-10-14:

SOMALIA

2002-04-01:

SOUTHWESTERN SOMALIA

2002-10-03:

SOMALIA

2002-12-14:

SOUTHWESTERN SOMALIA

2002-12-17:

SOMALIA

2004-10-14:

KENYA +

SOMALIA +

2005-06-13:

SOMALIA

2006-02-10:

ISLAMIC UNION +

SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA +

2007-05-18:

SOUTHERN-CENTRAL SOMALIA

2008-01-01:

SOMALIA +

CENTRAL SOMALIA +

2009-02-03:

ETHIOPIA +

BAKOL AND GEDO +

2010-05-01:

SUNNA AND JAMMA +

SOMALIA +

2010-12-20:

SOMALIA +

JUBALAND +

2012-02-10:

AZANIA +

KENYA +

SOMALIA +

JUBALAND +

2012-06-02:

AFRICAN UNION +

AZANIA +

KENYA +

SOMALIA +

RASKAMBONI +

2012-10-17:

AFRICAN UNION +

SOMALIA +

RASKAMBONI +

2013-03-22:

AFRICAN UNION +

KENYA +

SOMALIA +

AZANIA-RASKAMBONI +

2013-08-28:

AFRICAN UNION +

KENYA +

SOMALIA +

2014-01-20:

AFRICAN UNION +

SOMALIA +





































Capital Local Name changes:


1900-01-01:

  Merca

1960-07-01:

  Marka

1991-01-27:

  Garbahaarreey

1992-07-27:

  Xuddur

1994-12-01:

  Garbahaarreey

1999-06-11:

  Mareehaan

2001-06-18:

  Marka

2006-09-30:

  Buur Xakaba

2006-11-26:

  Ceel Waaq

2007-12-01:

  Kismaayo + Garbahaarreey

2008-01-01:

  Garbahaarreey

2010-05-01:

  Doolow

2011-03-13:

  Doolow Bay

2012-10-17:

  Kismaayo

2013-04-06:

  Kismaayo + Bu''aale

2013-04-07:

  Bu''aale

2014-01-01:

  Kismaayo





































Local Name of Country changes:


1900-01-01:

  COSTA DI BENADIR

1925-07-01:

  BASSO SCEBELI

1931-01-01:

  BASSO UEBI-SCEBELI

1941-02-26:

  LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1950-04-01:

  BASSO UEBI-SCEBELI

1960-07-01:

  SHABEELLAHA HOOSE

1991-01-27:

  MAREEXAAN

2001-06-18:

  SHABEELLAHA HOOSE

2006-02-10:

  KOONFURTA-DHEXE EE SOOMALIYA

2006-09-30:

  BUUR HAKABA

2006-10-26:

  KOONFURTA-DHEXE EE SOOMALIYA

2006-11-26:

  CEEL WAAQ

2006-12-23:

  KOONFURTA-DHEXE EE SOOMALIYA

2007-05-18:

  CEEL WAAQ

2007-12-01:

  SADE

2008-08-02:

  GEEDOLAND

2010-12-20:

  JUBBALAND

2012-05-02:

  RASKAMBONI

2013-03-22:

  AZAANIYA RASKAMBONI

2013-04-07:

  JUBBALAND

2013-08-28:

  JUBBA

2014-01-01:

  RASKAMBONI

2014-01-20:

  JUBBA





































Status changes:


1900-01-01:

BENADIR COAST Italian Protectorate

1905-03-16:

Italian Colony of BENADIR COAST

1925-07-01:

Commissariat of LOWER SHEBELLE

1931-01-01:

Commissariat of LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE

1960-07-01:

LOWER WEBI SHEBELLE Area

1982-01-01:

LOWER SHABELE Region

1991-01-27:

MAREHAN Clan

1991-03-01:

SOMALI National Front : Marehan Clan

2001-06-18:

LOWER SHABELE Region

2006-02-10:

Islamic Courts Allied SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA

2006-09-30:

Islamic Courts Allied BURHAKABA District

2006-10-26:

Islamic Courts Allied SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA

2006-11-26:

Islamic Courts Allied EL WAK District

2006-12-23:

Islamic Courts Allied SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA

2007-05-18:

EL WAK District

2007-12-01:

SADE Clan

2008-08-02:

Sade Clan of Autonomous GEDOLAND

2009-02-03:

Autonomous Area of GEDOLAND

2010-12-20:

Isaak Front of Raskamboni Movement : JUBALAND State of Somalia

2011-03-13:

JUBALAND State of Somalia

2012-05-02:

RASKAMBONI State

2013-03-22:

Somalian State of AZANIA-RASKAMBONI

2013-04-07:

JUBALAND State of Somalia

2013-08-28:

JUBA Interim Administration

2014-01-01:

RASKAMBONI State

2014-01-20:

Interim Administration of JUBA





































Ruler changes:

1991-01-27:

MAREHAN Clan  (Garbahare)   -    Muhammad Siad Barre
         (Maxamed Siyaad Barre)

1991-05-01:

SOMALI National Front : Marehan Clan  (Garbahare)   -    Mohamed Said Samantar Galie
         (Maxamed Saciid Samatar Gacaliye)

1995-01-02:

SOMALI National Front : Marehan Clan  (Garbahare)   -    Ahmed Sheikh Ali Ahmed Burale
         (Axmed Sheekh Cali Axmed Buraale)

1999-06-11:

SOMALI National Front : Marehan Clan  (Marehan Area)   -    Ahmed Sheikh Ali Ahmed Burale
         (Axmed Sheekh Cali Axmed Buraale)

2001-06-18:

LOWER SHABELE Region  (Merca)   -   
         ()

2006-02-10:

Islamic Courts Allied SOUTH-CENTRAL SOMALIA  (Merca)   -    WI
         (WI)

2007-05-18:

EL WAK District  (El Wak)   -   
         ()

2010-12-20:

Isaak Front of Raskamboni Movement : JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Dolow)   -    Sheikh Ahmed Mohamed Islam Madobe
         (Sheekh Axmed Maxamed Islaam Madobe)

2013-03-22:

Somalian State of AZANIA-RASKAMBONI  (Kismayo)   -    President Mohamed Abdi Gandi
         (Maxamed Cabdi Gaandi)

2013-05-15:

JUBALAND State of Somalia  (Buale)   -    President Sheikh Ahmed Mohamed Islam Madobe
         (Sheekh Axmed Maxamed Islaam Madobe)

2013-08-28:

JUBA Interim Administration  (Buale)   -    President Sheikh Ahmed Mohamed Islam Madobe
         (Sheekh Axmed Maxamed Islaam Madobe)






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LAST MODIFICATIONS : 2019-NOV-12.